L1 users: 5,380 (2003 UNSD).
Central district: Mahalapye subdistrict, all villages east of Mahalapye; Kgatleng district: northeast corner.
Reportedly some similarities to Northern Sotho [nso] and Tswana [tsn], but not clearly a dialect of either. Some intelligibility of northern dialect speakers of Tswana (Sengwato and Setawana), and of a northwestern dialect of Northern Sotho. Some Birwa [brl] and Tswapong [two] say their varieties are more similar to one another than to Tswana or Northern Sotho.
Several groups: the Ramokgonami, Maifela, Chadibe, Sefbare, Tupsa.