A language of Nigeria

Alternate Names
Canga, Changa, Kã, Kenga, Kyangawa, Kyenga, Tienga, Tyanga, Tyenga

14,000 in Nigeria (2015 R. Jones). Ethnic population: 200,000. Total users in all countries: 15,000.


Kebbi state: Geshuru, Sarufu, and Tuni villages west of Illo; Boko villages of Maze, Samia, Baikinrua, Pisa.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


None known. Not inherently intelligible with the Busa group. Lexical similarity: 78% with Shanga [sho], 57%–62% with the Busa group.


SOV; postpositions; genitives before noun heads; articles, adjectives, numerals, imbedded relative NPs after noun head; person, number, aspect suffixed to subject pronouns; CV, CVV, CCV; grammatical tone on verbs, and pronouns; 3 level tones, no embedded clause.

Language Use

Shifting to Hausa [hau], Dendi [ddn], Busa [bqp], Boko [bqc], or Zarma [dje] depending on location. All ages. Most also use Hausa [hau].

Language Development
Literacy materials are available (2015 R. Jones).

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Muslim, traditional religion.

Also spoken in:

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