L1 users: 254,000 (2010 census), increasing. Ethnic population: 268,000 (2010 census). Total users in all countries: 283,400.
Tyva Republic and Krasnoyarskiy Kray; southern Siberia near Mongolia border.
4 (Educational). De facto language of provincial identity in Tuva Republic.
Central Tuvin, Western Tuvin, Northeastern Tuvin (Todzhin), Southeastern Tuvin, Tuba-Kizhi. Sharp dialect differences.
Cyrillic script [Cyrl].
Until 1944 Tuva was an independent state. Buddhist, traditional religion.