A language of Russian Federation

Alternate Names
Diba, Kök Mungak, Soyod, Soyon, Soyot, Tannu-Tuva, Tofa, Tokha, Tuba, Tuvan, Tuvia, Tuvin, Tuvinian, Tyva, Uriankhai, Uriankhai-Monchak, Uryankhai

254,000 in Russian Federation (2010 census), increasing. Ethnic population: 268,000 (2010 census). Total users in all countries: 283,400.


Tyva Republic and Krasnoyarskiy Kray; southern Siberia near Mongolia border;.

Language Maps
Language Status

4 (Educational). De facto language of provincial identity in Tuva Republic.


Central Tuvin, Western Tuvin, Northeastern Tuvin (Todzhin), Southeastern Tuvin, Tuba-Kizhi. Sharp dialect differences.

Language Use

One of most vital minority languages in Siberia due to geographic isolation. Home, work, government. All ages. Neutral attitudes. Also use Halh Mongolian [khk], Russian [rus].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 85% in Russian [rus] (2007 SIL). Taught in primary and secondary schools. Grammar. Bible: 2011.

Cyrillic script [Cyrl].

Other Comments

Until 1944 Tuva was an independent state. Buddhist, traditional religion.

Also spoken in:

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