109,100,000 in Pakistan, all users. 15,100,000 (2015 World Factbook). 94,000,000 (1999). Total users in all countries: 163,095,930 (as L1: 69,050,130; as L2: 94,045,800).
1 (National). Statutory national language (1973, Constitution, Article 251(1)).
Intelligible with Hindi, but formal vocabulary borrowed from Arabic and Persian. Dakhini dialect of Urdu [urd] in India has fewer Persian and Arabic loans than Urdu. Rekhta is a form of Urdu used in poetry.
SOV; postposition; noun head final; gender (masculine/feminine); no articles; direct and oblique cases; verb affixes mark person, number, gender of subject; passives; tense and aspect; causatives; 30 consonants, 20 vowels, 2 diphthongs; non-tonal; stress on penultimate syllable.
All domains. All ages.