Ute-Southern Paiute


A language of United States

Alternate Names
Colorado River Numic, Southern Paiute, Ute-Chemehuevi

1,640 (2010 census). 3 Chemehuevi on Chemehuevi Reservation, 10 on Colorado River Reservation (Hinton 1994). 20 monolinguals (1990 census). Ethnic population: 6,230 (Golla 2007). Ute: 4,800; Southern Paiute: 1,430 (Golla 2007).


Colorado: southwest and Utah: southeast and northeast (Ute dialect); Utah: southwest; Arizona:north; Nevada: south; New Mexico: northwest (Southern Paiute dialect); California: lower Colorado river (Chemehuevi dialect).

Language Status

6b (Threatened).


Southern Paiute, Ute, Chemehuevi.

Language Use

Mainly adults but children in San Juan are still acquiring Southern Paiute as L1 (Golla 2007). Also use English [eng].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 75%–100%. Dictionary. Grammar. Texts. Bible portions: 2006. Tribally sponsored language programs in Ute. No language programs in Southern Paiute. Arizona Chemehuevis have started revitalization program but few materials and no agreement on orthography (Golla 2007).

Latin script [Latn].

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