Ute-Southern Paiute


A language of United States

Alternate Names

920 (Golla 2007). 3 Chemehuevi on Chemehuevi Reservation, 10 on Colorado River Reservation (Hinton 1994). 20 monolinguals (1990 census). Ethnic population: 6,230 (Golla 2007). Ute: 4,800; Southern Paiute: 1,430 (Golla 2007). L2 users: Few if any L2 speakers.


Ute dialect: southwest Colorado, and southeast and northeast Utah; Southern Paiute dialect: southwest Utah, north Arizona, and south Nevada; northwest New Mexico; Chemehuevi dialect on lower Colorado river, California.

Language Status

6b (Threatened).


Chemehuevi, Southern Paiute, Ute.

Language Use

Tribally sponsored language programs in Ute. No language programs in Southern Paiute. Arizona Chemehuevis have started revitalization program but few materials and no agreement on orthography (Golla 2007). Mainly adults but children in San Juan are still acquiring Southern Paiute as L1 (Golla 2007). Also use English [eng].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L1: Below 1%. Literacy rate in L2: 75%–100%. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 2006.


Latin script [Latn].

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