Vietnamese

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A language of Viet Nam

Alternate Names
Annamese, Ching, Gin, Jing, Kinh, Viet
Autonym
Tiếng Việt
Population

73,600,000 in Viet Nam (2009 census). Based on ethnicity. Total users in all countries: 76,950,770 (as L1: 75,950,770; as L2: 1,000,000).

Location

Widespread.

Language Status

1 (National). De facto national language. Language of recognized ethnic group: Kinh.

Dialects

Northern Vietnamese (Hanoi, Tonkinese), Central Vietnamese (Hue), Southern Vietnamese. Numerous dialects.

Typology

SVO; prepositions; noun head initial; classifiers and numerals precede noun heads; possessor noun phrases and adjectives follow noun heads; noun classifiers; no articles; passives; comparatives; 25 consonants, 11 vowels, 20 diphthongs, 4 triphthongs; tonal (6 tones); inclusive/exclusive pronouns.

Language Development

Literacy rate in L1: 94%. Literacy rate in L2: 80%. Fully developed. Bible: 1916–2008.

Writing

Braille script [Brai]. Han (Hanzi, Kanji, Hanja) script [Hani]. Latin script [Latn], primary usage.

Other Comments

Kinh is an official ethnic community. Buddhist, Christian.

Also spoken in:

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