Vietnamese

Print

A language of Viet Nam

Alternate Names
Annamese, Ching, Gin, Jing, Kinh, Viet
Population

65,800,000 in Viet Nam (1999 census). Ethnic population: 73,600,000 (2009 census). Total users in all countries: 68,031,420.

Location

Widespread.

Language Status

1 (National). De facto national language. Language of recognized ethnic group: Kinh.

Dialects

Northern Vietnamese (Hanoi, Tonkinese), Central Vietnamese (Hue), Southern Vietnamese. Numerous dialects.

Typology

SVO; prepositions; noun head initial; classifiers and numerals precede noun heads; possessor noun phrases and adjectives follow noun heads; noun classifiers; no articles; passives; comparatives; 25 consonants, 11 vowels, 20 diphthongs, 4 triphthongs; tonal (6 tones); inclusive/exclusive pronouns.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 94%. Literacy rate in L2: 80%. Fully developed. Bible: 1916–1994.
Writing

Braille script [Brai]. Han (Hanzi, Kanji, Hanja) script [Hani]. Latin script [Latn], primary usage.

Other Comments

Kinh is an official ethnic community. Buddhist, Christian.

Also spoken in:

Expand All Collapse All