L1 users: 65,800,000 (1999 census). Ethnic population: 73,600,000 (2009 census). Total users in all countries: 68,058,620.
1 (National). De facto national language. Language of recognized ethnic group: Kinh.
Northern Vietnamese (Hanoi, Tonkinese), Central Vietnamese (Hue), Southern Vietnamese. Numerous dialects.
SVO; prepositions; noun head initial; classifiers and numerals precede noun heads; possessor noun phrases and adjectives follow noun heads; noun classifiers; no articles; passives; comparatives; 25 consonants, 11 vowels, 20 diphthongs, 4 triphthongs; tonal (6 tones); inclusive/exclusive pronouns.
Kinh is an official ethnic community. Buddhist, Christian.