L1 users: 6,380 (2000 INALI). 3,800 monolinguals (2005 census).
Oaxaca state: Jamiltepec district, Carasul, El Carasol, El Huamuche, El Mosco, Frutillo, Ixtayutla, La Humedad, Las Limas, Llano Escondido, Llano Verde, Macahuite, Nuyuku, Olintepec, Pueblo Viejo, San Lucas, Santiago Ixtayutla, Xiniyuba, Yomuche, Yucuyá.
VSO; prepositions; head-genitive; article-noun, number-noun, noun-adj; question word initial; tonal with lots of tone sandhi; minimal phonological word contains 2 moras; clitic pronouns attach to words from various grammatical categories.
Latin script [Latn].
School through 6th grade in Ixtayutla. Some settlements have schools. Christian, traditional religion.