Wasco-Wishram

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A language of United States

Alternate Names
Columbia Chinook, Kiksht, Upper Chinook, Wasco, Wishram
Population

No known L1 speakers. The last fluent speaker, Gladys Thompson, died in 2012 (2012 Oregon Public Broadcasting). Ethnic population: 750 (1977 SIL).

Location

Oregon: north central; Washington: south central.

Language Status

9 (Dormant). Language of registered tribe: Confederated Tribes of the Siletz Reservation, Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon.

Dialects

Clackama (Clackamas), Kiksht, Multnomah, Cathlamet (Kathlamet).

Language Use

Shifted to English [eng].

Language Development
Grammar. A revitalization project was started at Warm Springs in 1992, and it was still active as of 2012 (2012 R. Moore).
Writing

Unwritten [Qaax].

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