A language of United States

Alternate Names
Hocak Wazijaci, Hocank, Hochank, Hochunk, Hocák, Winnebago

250 (Golla 2007). 230 reported in 1997 (1997 V. Zeps). Ethnic population: 1,650 (2000 census).


Iowa: south of Sioux City, east bank, Missouri river; Nebraska: Winnebago Reservation; Wisconsin: central, scattered.

Language Status

8a (Moribund). Language of registered tribe: Ho-Chunk Nation of Wisconsin, Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska.


Wisconsin, Nebraska.

Language Use

Language maintenance efforts underway since 1990 (Golla 2007). Older adults only. All also use English [eng].

Language Development

Plans are for full-immersion in Hocák school system, preschool through community college. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 1907. Agency: Ho-Chunk Culture Committee.


Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

The name is written with a hook under the ‘a’ of Hocák, representing a nasalized vowel. The official name for the people is Hocák Nation.

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