L1 users: 10,000 (2004 NLCI).
Kerala state: Kozhikode, Malappuram, and Wayanad districts, Ernakkulam, Kannur, Palakkad, and Trissur; all states in peninsular India.
Fairly vigorous in Wayanad District although Malayalam [mal] is used some in home and village. Positive attitudes, especially in Wayanad District.
Kumbaran are a subcaste of Chettiars (or Adi Andhra) whose caste occupation is pottery or any work with mud or clay. Adi Andhra is a Scheduled Caste. Kusavan caste also speaks Kumbaran. Hindu, traditional religion.