A language of Indonesia

Alternate Names

1,000 (2011), decreasing. L2 users: 0. 200 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 1,000.


Papua Province, central highlands area, Puncak and Puncak Jaya regencies, between Van Daalen river to north and upper Rouffaer river basin.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).


East Wano, Central Wano, West Wano. Reportedly similar to Nggem [nbq], and Walak [wlw]. Lexical similarity: 65% with Western Dani [dnw].


SOV; postpositions; possessor before noun head; articles, adjectives, numerals, and relatives after noun head; question words initial in VP, final with demonstratives; 2 prefixes, 5 suffixes; bare-root with complex verbal morphology, switch reference and (or) delayed vs. immediate sequential, tail-head linkage; (C)V(C); final stress; nontonal.

Language Use

Under pressure from Western Dani [dnw] and Indonesian [ind] (Wurm 2007). Religious services, home, field, community, oral. Most ages. Negative attitudes. Also use Dem [dem], Indonesian [ind], Moni [mnz], Western Dani [dnw]. Used as L2 by Duvle [duv].

Language Development
Bible portions: 1979–1989.

Latin script [Latn], experimental usage.

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Christian.

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