A language of Indonesia

Alternate Names
Waremboivoro, Warenbori

620, all users. L1 users: 600 (1998 SIL). L2 users: 20.


Papua province: Maberamo Raya regency, Bonoi, Poiwai, Tamakuri, and Warembori villages, Mamberamo river mouth west to Manini point.

Language Maps
Language Status

7 (Shifting).


Bonoi Buroro. Lexical similarity: 33% with Yoke [yki]. 30% Austronesian vocabulary.


Typology resembles Austronesian: SVO; prepositions; genitives before noun heads; articles, adjectives, numerals, relatives after noun heads; 1 prefix, 6 or more suffixes on a word; dual number; word order distinguishes subject, object, indirect object; verb affixes mark person and number; topic (SVO) is for pragmatic salience; 14 consonants and 5 vowels; nontonal; inclusive/exclusive pronouns.

Language Use

Home. Adults only. Also use Indonesian [ind], Papuan Malay [pmy], Yoke [yki]. Used as L2 by Yoke [yki].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L2: 30% in Indonesian [ind]. Dictionary.

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Christian.

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