Chinese, Wu

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A language of China

Alternate Names
Jiangnan hua, Jiangsu-Zhujiang hua, Jiangzhe hua, Wu, Wuyue
Population

80,100,000 in China (2013). Total users in all countries: 80,102,480.

Location

Anhui province; Fujian province: Shangrao area; Jiangsu province: Chongming Island, Haimen, Qidong, and Qingjiang at mouth of and north of the Changjiang in Nantong area; Jiangxi province: northeast; Shanghai municipality; Zhejiang province: Jinhua, Quzhou, and Wenzhou.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing). Language of recognized nationality: Han.

Dialects

Taihu, Jinhua (Kinhwa), Taizhou, Oujiang, Wuzhou, Chuqu, Xuanzhou, Shanghai, Hangzhou, Wenzhou, Jinhua, Youngkang, Quzhou, Suzhou, Shaoxing, Danyang, Chongming, Zhenhai, Tangxi, Wenling. Varieties of Taihu dialect are Piling, Su-Hu-Jia, Tiaoxi, Hangzhou, Lin-Shao, and Yongjiang; Chuqu subdialects are Chuzhou and Longqu; Xuanzhou varieties are Tongjing, Taigao, and Shiling. A member of macrolanguage Chinese [zho].

Typology

SVO; tone sandhi, tonal.

Language Use

All ages. Also use Mandarin Chinese [cmn].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 91% (2000 census, Han nationality). Fully developed. Bible: 1908–1914.
Writing

Han script, Simplified variant [Hans], used since 1981. Han script, Traditional variant [Hant]. Latin script [Latn], used since mid/late 19th century.

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