9,600 (Moore 2006). No monolinguals.
Mato Grosso state: 6 noncontiguous reservations. 80 villages.
Vigorous. All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Portuguese [por].
Latin script [Latn].
In 1950s contact with outsiders began and diseases killed hundreds. Forced to abandon seminomadic means of survival when placed on reservations. Learned swidden agriculture. During the transition many died. Traditional religion, Christian.