19,150,000 in South Africa, all users. L1 users: 8,150,000 (2013 UNSD). L2 users: 11,000,000 (Webb 2002). Total users in all countries: 19,169,300 (as L1: 8,169,300; as L2: 11,000,000).
Eastern Cape province: east of Middelburg and Port Elizabeth; Northern Cape province: southeast Pixley ka Seme municipality; KwaZulu-Natal province: Ugu and Sisonke municipalities; Free State: border area, west of Lesotho.
1 (National). Statutory national language (1996, Constitution, Article 6(1)).
Mpondo (Pondo), Xesibe, Bomwana, Gaika, Gcaleka, Thembu, Mpondomise, Ndlambe. 15% of the vocabulary estimated to be of Khoekhoe (Khoisan) origin.
SVO; noun head initial; 17 noun classes; no articles; verb affixes mark person, number, object; causatives; 58 consonant and 10 vowel phonemes; tonal (2 tones: high, low); clicks.
Cauzuh is an obsolete name. Somewhat acculturated. Christian, traditional religion.