A language of Botswana

Alternate Names
Kgalagarhi, Kgalagari, Khalagari, Khalakadi, Kxhalaxadi, Qhalaxari, Sekgalagadi, Shekgalagadi, Shekgalagari

65,400 (2015 UNSD).


Ghanzi district: Charles Hill, Dekar, Ghanzi, Grootlaagte, Kanagas, Karakobis, Kuke, Kule, Ncojane, New Xade, and Tsotsha; Kgalagadi district: north; Kweneng district: west; Southern district; North West district: Maun and Sehitwa.

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Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


Ngologa, Shaga, Kgalagadi (Kgalagari), Balaongwe (Boloongwe), Shelala, Pedi, Phaleng, Kenyi (Khena), Kgwatheng, Tjhauba, Khakhae, Koma, Rhiti, Siwane (Gyegwana). Ngologa is the largest dialect and may be a separate language. Different from Tswana [tsn].


SVO; genitives, articles, adjectives, numerals, relatives after noun heads; question word final; word order distinguishes subject, object, indirect object; verb affixes mark person and number; passives formed by suffix -w; causatives formed by suffix -is; comparative locatives; CV; tonal.

Language Use

Also use Afrikaans [afr], English [eng], Tswana [tsn]. Used as L2 by !Xóõ [nmn].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: Ages 15–29: 85% in Tswana [tsn], 55% in English [eng]; ages 30–54: 50% in Tswana, 15% in English; ages 55 and older: 20% in Tswana, 2% in English. Grammar. Bible portions: 2014.

Latin script [Latn].

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