Kgalagadi

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A language of Botswana

Alternate Names
Kgalagarhi, Kgalagari, Khalagari, Khalakadi, Kxhalaxadi, Qhalaxari, Sekgalagadi, Shekgalagadi, Shekgalagari
Population

65,400 (2015 UNSD).

Location

Ghanzi district: Charles Hill, Dekar, Ghanzi, Grootlaagte, Kanagas, Karakobis, Kuke, Kule, Ncojane, New Xade, and Tsotsha; Kgalagadi district: north; Kweneng district: west; Southern district; North West district: Maun and Sehitwa.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).

Dialects

Ngologa, Shaga, Kgalagadi (Kgalagari), Balaongwe (Boloongwe), Shelala, Pedi, Phaleng, Kenyi (Khena), Kgwatheng, Tjhauba, Khakhae, Koma, Rhiti, Siwane (Gyegwana). Ngologa is the largest dialect and may be a separate language. Different from Tswana [tsn].

Typology

SVO; genitives, articles, adjectives, numerals, relatives after noun heads; question word final; word order distinguishes subject, object, indirect object; verb affixes mark person and number; passives formed by suffix -w; causatives formed by suffix -is; comparative locatives; CV; tonal.

Language Use

Also use Afrikaans [afr], English [eng], Tswana [tsn]. Used as L2 by !Xóõ [nmn].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: Ages 15–29: 85% in Tswana [tsn], 55% in English [eng]; ages 30–54: 50% in Tswana, 15% in English; ages 55 and older: 20% in Tswana, 2% in English. Grammar. Bible portions: 2014.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Christian.

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