4 (2012 P. Jen-Kuei). A few other semi-speakers who have passive knowledge of the language (2012 P. Jen-Kuei). Ethnic population: 250 (UNESCO).
Kaohsiung county: Sanmin township, Minchuan village area.
8b (Nearly extinct).
13 consonants and 4 vowels.
Literacy rate in L2: 8%. Grammar.