A language of Philippines

Alternate Names
Sambali, “Tina” (pej.), “Tina Sambal” (pej.)

70,000 (2000 SIL), decreasing. No monolinguals. Ethnic population: 70,000.


Luzon, north Zambales Province, 5 towns; Pangasinan Province, 2 villages; Palawan Island, Quezon, Panitian village.

Language Maps
Language Status

4 (Educational).


Iba, Masinloc, Santa Cruz. 70% intelligibility with Botolan [sbl].

Language Use

Youth start using it at work if they do not go on to higher education; little use among children. Not used around outsiders, but they like it when outsiders learn Sambal. All domains among adults. Oral use in local commerce, occasional use in religion and political campaigning. Some letter-writing. Adults. All moderately comprehend Filipino [fil]. About 30% use Ilocano [ilo].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 98%. Literacy rate in L2: 98%. Orthography similar to Filipino. English and Filipino taught in school. Poetry. Newspapers. Radio programs. Videos. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1999–2000.
Latin script.
Other Comments