Sambal

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A language of Philippines

Alternate Names
Sambali, “Tina” (pej.), “Tina Sambal” (pej.)
Autonym
Sambalì
Population

70,000 (2000 SIL), decreasing. No monolinguals. Ethnic population: 70,000.

Location

Central Luzon region: Tarlac province, western border; Ilocos region: Pangasinan province, 2 villages; Mimaropa region: Palawan province, Quezon municipality, Panitian village; north Zambales province, 5 towns.

Language Maps
Language Status

4 (Educational). De facto language of provincial identity in Zambales province.

Dialects

Santa Cruz, Masinloc, Iba. 70% intelligibility with Botolan [sbl].

Language Use

Youth start using it at work if they do not go on to higher education; little use among children. Not used around outsiders, but they like it when outsiders learn Sambal. All domains among adults. Oral use in local commerce, occasional use in religion and political campaigning. Some letter-writing. Adults. All also use Filipino [fil]. Some also use Ilocano [ilo].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 98%. Literacy rate in L2: 98%. Orthography similar to Filipino. English and Filipino taught in school. Taught in primary schools, in Zambales. Literature. Newspapers. Radio. Videos. Dictionary. Grammar. Texts. NT: 1999–2000.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Christian.

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