70,000 (2000 SIL), decreasing. No monolinguals. Ethnic population: 70,000.
Luzon, Zambales Province, north, 5 towns; Tarlac Province, western border; Pangasinan Province, 2 villages, Palawan Island, Quezon, Panitian village.
4 (Educational). De facto language of provincial identity in Zambales province.
Santa Cruz, Masinloc, Iba. 70% intelligibility with Botolan [sbl].
Youth start using it at work if they do not go on to higher education; little use among children. Not used around outsiders, but they like it when outsiders learn Sambal. All domains among adults. Oral use in local commerce, occasional use in religion and political campaigning. Some letter-writing. Adults. All also use Filipino [fil]. Some also use Ilocano [ilo].
Latin script [Latn].