Kurumba, Jennu

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A language of India

Alternate Names
Jen Kurumba, Jennu Kurumba, Jennu Nudi, Kattu Nayaka, Naik Kurumba, Naikan, Nonstandard Kannada, Shola Nayakan, Ten Kurumba
Population

L1 users: 35,000 (IMA 1997).

Location

Karnataka state: Mysore and Kodagu districts; Kerala state: Wayanad district. Tamil Nadu and Karnataka states’ border; east of Kerala state border; North Nilgiri Hills.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).

Dialects

Possibly the same as Jeinu Kuruba dialect of Kannada [kan]. Lexical similarity: 61%–83% among varieties called Jennu Kurumba, less than 60% with Betta Kurumba [xub] dialects.

Language Use

Positive attitudes. Also use Kannada [kan], Malayalam [mal], Tamil [tam].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 46% in Tamil Nadu (2001 census). Attitudes favorable toward literacy.
Writing

Unwritten [Qaax].

Other Comments

’Jennu Kurumba’, honey shepherds. A Scheduled Tribe. Traditional religion, Hindu.

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