A language of Nepal

Alternate Names
Yamphe, Yamphu Kha, Yamphu Rai

9,540, all users. L1 users: 9,210 (2011 census), decreasing. L2 users: 330 (2011 census).


Kosi zone: Bhojpur district; Sankhuwasabha district, Matsayapokhari VDC, Ala, Hedangna, Karmarang, Num, Mangsimma, Peppuwa, Seduwa, Tungkhaling, Uling, Uwa, and Walung villages, in upper Arun valley eastern hills, extreme north Lorung area.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened). Language of recognized indigenous nationality: Rai.


The Yamphu Rai are most closely related to Lohorung [lbr] and Mewahang. 61% intelligibility of Lohorung [lbr]. Lexical similarity: 84%–90% between dialects, 74%–84% with Southern Yamphu [lrr], 64%–67% with Lohorung [lbr].

Language Use

Language passed on to children but being steadily replaced by Nepali [npi] (Toba et al 2005). Religion. Some young people, all adults. Also use Nepali [npi], bilingually.

Language Development

Literature. Dictionary. Grammar. Texts.


Devanagari script [Deva], used since 2011.

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Christian, Hindu.

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