Yamphu

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A language of Nepal

Alternate Names
Yamphe, Yamphu Kha, Yamphu Rai
Population

L1 users: 9,210 (2011 census), decreasing. Ethnic population: 6,810 (2011 census).

Location

Kosi zone: Bhojpur district; Sankhuwasabha district, Matsayapokhari VDC, Ala, Hedangna, Karmarang, Num, Mangsimma, Peppuwa, Seduwa, Tungkhaling, Uling, Uwa, and Walung villages, in upper Arun valley eastern hills, extreme north Lorung area.

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Language Status

6b (Threatened). Language of recognized indigenous nationality: Rai.

Dialects

The Yamphu Rai are most closely related to Lohorung [lbr] and Mewahang. 61% intelligibility of Lohorung [lbr]. Lexical similarity: 84%–90% between dialects, 74%–84% with Southern Yamphu [lrr], 64%–67% with Lohorung [lbr].

Language Use

Language passed on to children but being steadily replaced by Nepali (Toba et al 2005). Religion. Also use Nepali [npi], bilingually.

Language Development
Literature. Dictionary. Grammar. Texts.
Writing

Devanagari script [Deva], used since 2011.

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Hindu.

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