L1 users: 3,300 (2007 J. Pelkey), decreasing. Ethnic population: 6,600 (Bradley 2007b).
Yunnan province: areas in Eshan, Shuangbai, and Xinping counties.
7 (Shifting). Language of recognized nationality: Yi.
None known. Related to Samtao [stu].
Shifting to Chinese, endangered in many areas (Bradley 2007a). Used as L2 by Hlersu [hle].