A language of United States


50 (Golla 2007). Wukchumne dialect: fewer than 10; Choinumne dialect: 6; Yowlumne dialect: 20–25 fluent and semispeakers; Chukchansi: a few semispeakers; Tachi dialect: a few speakers (Golla 2007). Ethnic population: 2,500 (2000 A. Yamamoto).


California: San Joaquin river and valley; Sierra Nevada slopes.

Language Status

8a (Moribund). Language of registered tribe: Picayune Rancheria of Chukchansi Indians of California, Santa Rosa Indian Community of the Santa Rosa Rancheria, Table Mountain Rancheria of California, Tejon Indian Tribe, Tule River Indian Tribe of the Tule River Reservation, Tuolumne Band of Me-Wuk Indians of the Tuolumne Rancheria of California.


Southern Foothill Yokuts, Valley Yokuts, Wukchumne (Wukchumni), Choinumne (Choinimne, Choynumne), Yowlumne, Chukchansi (Northern Foothill Yokuts), Tachi, Dumna, Gashowu. Many subvarieties. Southern Foothill and Valley Yokuts dialects are extinct.

Language Use

Shifting to English [eng].

Language Development
Grammar. Some revival activity in Chukchansi and Tachi communities and several Yowlumne speakers and learners have participated in master-apprentice teaching (Golla 2007).
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