Yoruba

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A language of Nigeria

Alternate Names
Yariba, Yooba
Autonym
Yorùbá, Èdè Yorùbá
Population

39,500,000 in Nigeria, all users. L1 users: 37,500,000 (2015). L2 users: 2,000,000. Total users in all countries: 39,726,790 (as L1: 37,726,790; as L2: 2,000,000).

Location

Widespread, in southwest.

Language Status

2 (Provincial). De facto provincial language in southwestern region.

Dialects

Oyo, Ijesha, Ila, Ijebu, Ondo, Wo, Owe, Jumu, Iworro, Igbonna, Yagba, Gbedde, Egba, Akono, Aworo, Bunu (Bini), Ekiti, Ilaje, Ikale, Awori, Ào.

Typology

SVO; prepositions; noun head initial; no articles; 17 consonant and 11 vowel phonemes; tonal (3 tones: high, mid, low).

Language Use

Also use English [eng]. Used as L2 by Akpes [ibe], Bokobaru [bus], Ebira [igb], Ukaan [kcf].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 35%. Taught in primary and secondary schools. Newspapers. Radio. TV. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1900–2005.
Writing

Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab], no longer in use. Braille script [Brai]. Latin script [Latn], used since 1865, primary usage.

Other Comments

Christian, Muslim, traditional religion.

Also spoken in:

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