L1 users: 8,000 (2007), decreasing. Ethnic population: 17,200 (Bradley 2007b).
Yunnan province: north Anning county, Kunming municipality, Xishan district; southwest Fumin county.
8a (Moribund). Language of recognized nationality: Yi.
None known. Reportedly similar to Samatao [ysd].
Closer to Kunming spoken only by elderly; further away only by adults; furthest away a few children speak L1, which is being replaced by Chinese and Nasu (Bradley 2007a). Few older adults. Also use Mandarin Chinese [cmn].
Miao (Pollard) script [Plrd].