Yukaghir, Southern


A language of Russian Federation

Alternate Names
Forest Yukagir, Jukagir, Kolym, Kolyma, Odul, Southern Yukagir, Yukagir

370 (2010 census). Census includes Northern Yukaghir [ykg]. Ethnic population: 1,600. Census includes Southern Yukaghir [yux].


Magadanskaya Oblast’, upper Kolyma county, Nelemnoye and Zyryanka.

Language Maps
Language Status

8b (Nearly extinct).


None known. Not inherently intelligible of Northern Yukaghir [ykg].


SOV; postpositions; genitives, articles, adjectives, numerals, relatives before noun heads; question word not initial or final; 2 prefixes, 6 suffixes; focus is preverbal, subjects and topics tend to be initial; affixes indicate case of noun phrases; person and number of subject is obligatory; split intransitivity: intransitive subjects encode as transitive when nonfocus, focus marked the same for intransitive subjects and direct objects, and only for those; otherwise accusative; resultative; reflexive; reciprocal; causative; comparative; CV, CVCCVV; nontonal.

Language Use

Home. Fluent speakers are 60 and older. All also use Russian [rus]. Also use Even [eve], especially older adults. Also use Yakut [sah], especially younger.

Language Development
Dictionary. Grammar.
Other Comments

Christian, traditional religion.

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