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Misc. corrections / clarifications on Location, Population, Other Comments, & Dialects

Andrew M. Wolfe, Tue, 2016-08-02 16:22
ISO 639-3: 

1. "Location": The Borkou-Ennedi-Tibesti Region ceased to be an administrative entity in Chad in 2008. It has subsequently been split into four regions. Beria speakers live in Ennedi Est and Ennedi Ouest, which are not departments but regions. (As with all data given in this feedback, this can be verified against the Anonby & Johnson 2001 survey report. For a map showing the Beria speech area, see p. 52.) 2. "Location": Beria speakers are by no means restricted to the Iriba sub-prefecture of the Kobé department. The entire Kobé department is populated by Beria speakers. The Kobé department has three sub-prefectures: Iriba, Matadjana, and Tiné Djagaraba. All three have Beria speakers. (This is self-evident in the fact that the name of the department is synonymous with the Kobé subgroup of the Beri people, but I have visited each of these regions personally and they are also noted in the 2001 survey report.) 3. "Population": "Bideyat" is not synonymous with "Tuer-Gala" as implied here. In fact, they are quite different: "Bideyat" is an exonym that refers to the northern dialect in Chad ("Tuba"); "Tuer-Gala" refers to the Sudanese dialect ("Wagi"). 4. "Other Comments": As I commented in previous feedback, "Beria" is the endonym and "Zaghawa" and "Bideyat" are exonyms. This was previously acknowledged by an Ethnologue editor, but does not appear on the page at this time. At any rate, the "sometimes called" verbiage that appears here is vague and misleading. It is only "sometimes called" Beria by speakers of the language themselves, and occasionally by professional linguists. 5. "Other Comments": As I also commented previously, "Beri" is not synonymous with "Beria" but is the endonym for their ethnic group. ("A" is the Beria word for "mouth"; "Beria" is the "mouth of the Beri people.") 6. "Dialects": You are missing a major dialect division (which happens to be the dialect spoken by the current president of Chad). It is known as "Tuba," known to outsiders as "Bideyat." Actually, you have this correct in the Sudan version of the listing, but not the Chad version. 7. "Population": The J. Leclerc 2013 reference does not appear on the Ethnologue's Bibliography page. Could it please be added there? Reference: Anonby, Erik John, & Eric Johnson. 2001. A sociolinguistic survey of the Zaghawa (Beria) of Chad and Sudan. N’Djamena, Chad: SIL Tchad. If sources external to SIL are needed in order to verify each of these needed corrections, please let me know and I can go about hunting them down. Thank you.

Editorial Action

We will make most of these proposed changes for Zaghawa (Beria) [zag] in Chad for the 20th edition of the Ethnologue.