A language of India

Alternate Names
Mirgami, Mirkan, Panika, Panka

60,000 (1998 N. Lima).


Chhattisgarh state: Bastar district; Odisha state: Koraput and Nabarangapur districts.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a* (Vigorous).


Batasuna, Jagdal Pur, Kosagumuda, Kotpad, Nabarang Pur, Umerkote. Dialects have good intelligibility. Not functionally intelligible of Halbi [hlb]. Lexical similarity: 83%–95% among dialects.

Language Use

Vigorous. Home, religion. Positive attitudes. Also use Desiya [dso], in Odisha. Also use Halbi [hlb], in Madhya Pradesh. Also use Hindi [hin], in Madhya Pradesh. Also use Odia [ory], in Odisha, but with low proficiency.

Language Development

Literacy rate in L2: 10% in Odia [ory].


Oriya (Odia) script [Orya]. Telugu script [Telu].

Other Comments

Declared a General Caste by the government. Divided into 2 groups, the larger Kabirpanthi and the smaller Sakta. Traditional religion, Christian, Hindu.

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