27,300,000 in South Africa, all users. L1 users: 11,600,000 (2013 UNSD), increasing. L2 users: 15,700,000 (Webb 2002). Total users in all countries: 27,472,100 (as L1: 11,772,100; as L2: 15,700,000).
KwaZulu-Natal and Mpumalanga (Gert Sibande muni) provinces; northeast Free State and southeast Gauteng provinces; Eastern Cape province: Harding area.
2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Gauteng and KwaZulu-Natal provinces (1996, Constitution, Article 6(3a)).
SVO; noun head initial; 13 noun classes; no articles; verb affixes mark person, number, object; passives; aspect; causatives; 30 consonant and 10 vowel phonemes; stress on penultimate syllable; non-tonal.
Used as L2 by Xhosa [xho].
Christian, traditional religion.