Zhuang, Yongnan


A language of China

Alternate Names
Bou Rau, Boux Toj, Long An, Long’an, Nongz Anx, Nung An, Southern Zhuang, Yongnan Vernacular of the Southern Dialect of the Zhuang Language, Zhuangyu nanbu fangyan Yongnan tuyu

1,800,000 in China (2000 J. Edmondson). Total users in all countries: 1,810,000.


Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region: Fangcheng, Fusui, Jingxi, Longan, Quinzhou, Shangsi, and south Yongning counties; Yunnan province: Funing county.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous). Language of recognized nationality: Zhuang.


None known. Most similar languages are Zuojiang Zhuang [zzj] (Nung Chao), Yongbei Zhuang [zyb], Yang Zhuang [zyg] (Nung Giang), and other Nung languages of Viet Nam. Lexical similarity: 70% with Nong [zhn], Yang [zyg], Yongnan [zyn], Zuojiang [zzj], and Dai [zhd], 65% with Yongbei Zhuang [zyb]. A member of macrolanguage Zhuang [zha].


Voiced oral onsets have merged into nasal onsets.

Language Use

Vigorous. All domains, especially in rural homes when no outsiders are present. Used by all. Also use Mandarin Chinese [cmn], particularly the southwestern dialect. Also use Yue Chinese [yue], especially in business, education, government, market, and other domains. Many are partially or fully bilingual in one or more dialects.

Language Development



Han (Hanzi, Kanji, Hanja) script [Hani], dating from Han dynasty, mainly used in non-official domains, gaining popularity.

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Buddhist, Daoist.

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