1,800,000 (2000 J. Edmondson). Total users in all countries: 1,810,000.
Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region: Fangcheng, Fusui, Jingxi, Longan, Quinzhou, Shangsi, and south Yongning counties; Yunnan province: Funing county.
6a (Vigorous). Language of recognized nationality: Zhuang.
None known. Most similar languages are Zuojiang Zhuang [zzj] (Nung Chao), Yongbei Zhuang [zyb], Yang Zhuang [zyg] (Nung Giang), and other Nung languages of Viet Nam. Lexical similarity: 70% with Nong [zhn], Yang [zyg], Yongnan [zyn], Zuojiang [zzj], and Dai [zhd], 65% with Yongbei Zhuang [zyb]. A member of macrolanguage Zhuang [zha].
Voiced oral onsets have merged into nasal onsets.
Vigorous. All domains, especially in rural homes when no outsiders are present. All ages. Also use Mandarin Chinese [cmn], particularly the southwestern dialect. Also use Yue Chinese [yue], especially in business, education, government, market, and other domains. Many are partially or fully bilingual in one or more dialects.
Han (Hanzi, Kanji, Hanja) script [Hani], dating from Han dynasty, mainly used in non-official domains, gaining popularity.
Traditional religion, Buddhist, Daoist.