Summary by country

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Table 7 summarizes the distribution of languages and their populations within the countries of the world. The Count column gives the total count of living languages used as a first language in that country, and Percent translates that to a percentage of all living languages in the world. Unlike the preceding tables, this table counts all languages regardless of their area of origin. Therefore, no grand totals are given for these columns since the same language can be counted as being used in multiple countries. The next two columns break the language count into Established languages versus Immigrant languages. The next three columns summarize populations: Total gives the total number of first-language speakers in that country for all languages for which population figures are known, Mean gives the average size of those language groups for which population figures are known, and Median gives the middle size of a language group (that is, half are larger and half are smaller). The last two columns are explained in the next paragraph.

Table 8 repeats the information in table 7 but presents the countries of the world in order of their linguistic diversity, from most diverse to least diverse. The Index column reports Greenberg’s diversity index. This is the probability that any two people of the country selected at random would have different mother tongues (Lieberson 1981). The highest possible value, 1, indicates total diversity (that is, no two people have the same mother tongue) while the lowest possible value, 0, indicates no diversity at all (that is, everyone has the same mother tongue). The computation of the diversity index is based on the population of each language as a proportion of the total population. The Coverage column indicates the completeness of the computation by reporting the percentage of languages in the country for which population estimates are available.

Table 7. Distribution of living languages in the world by country

CountryLiving languagesNumber of speakersDiversity
CountPercentEstablishedImmigrantTotalMeanMedianIndexCoverage
Afghanistan 42 0.59 41 1 22,964,800 560,117 8,000 0.790 98%
Albania 12 0.17 8 4 2,801,786 280,179 4,220 0.503 83%
Algeria 21 0.30 18 3 33,135,600 1,743,979 40,000 0.360 90%
American Samoa 7 0.10 2 5 55,910 9,318 25,800 0.210 86%
Andorra 5 0.07 4 1 74,270 14,854 19,650 0.671 100%
Angola 40 0.56 40 0 23,511,670 602,863 43,900 0.748 98%
Anguilla 2 0.03 2 0 12,450 6,225 6,225 0.141 100%
Antigua and Barbuda 5 0.07 2 3 135,000 33,750 66,500 0.515 80%
Argentina 38 0.54 24 14 44,146,270 1,337,766 8,410 0.165 87%
Armenia 13 0.18 7 6 3,041,450 276,495 11,135 0.053 85%
Aruba 6 0.08 4 2 81,090 20,272 9,000 0.429 67%
Australia 259 3.65 215 44 21,607,217 87,479 30 0.274 95%
Austria 29 0.41 13 16 8,961,530 426,740 24,900 0.234 72%
Azerbaijan 37 0.52 18 19 9,246,510 264,186 20,000 0.202 95%
Bahamas 5 0.07 3 2 576,280 144,070 284,500 0.509 80%
Bahrain 14 0.20 6 8 724,300 55,715 80,000 0.658 93%
Bangladesh 46 0.65 41 5 193,817,420 4,404,941 15,500 0.318 96%
Barbados 3 0.04 3 0 518,290 172,763 256,000 0.500 100%
Belarus 11 0.15 4 7 9,170,400 833,673 1,230,500 0.411 100%
Belgium 36 0.51 11 25 12,807,200 457,400 200,000 0.700 78%
Belize 12 0.17 8 4 541,160 45,097 14,100 0.721 100%
Benin 56 0.79 55 1 6,635,390 122,878 60,500 0.933 96%
Bermuda 3 0.04 2 1 65,610 32,805 63,000 0.076 67%
Bhutan 31 0.44 23 8 639,800 25,592 8,000 0.827 81%
Bolivia 45 0.63 43 2 7,335,305 170,588 400 0.565 96%
Bosnia and Herzegovina 11 0.15 5 6 2,699,500 269,950 383,000 0.694 91%
Botswana 38 0.54 31 7 2,213,660 63,247 5,950 0.397 92%
Brazil 227 3.20 216 11 204,400,751 959,628 240 0.099 94%
British Indian Ocean Territory 1 0.01 1 0 3,500 3,500 3,500 0.000 100%
British Virgin Islands 2 0.03 2 0 39,700 19,850 19,850 0.500 100%
Brunei 17 0.24 15 2 459,685 28,730 8,150 0.570 94%
Bulgaria 25 0.35 11 14 8,016,320 364,378 10,500 0.226 88%
Burkina Faso 71 1.00 71 0 12,472,930 183,425 20,500 0.721 96%
Burundi 4 0.06 3 1 10,036,100 2,509,025 9,600 0.007 100%
Cambodia 28 0.39 27 1 15,826,130 608,697 6,220 0.101 93%
Cameroon 280 3.94 279 1 10,166,051 37,375 9,500 0.974 97%
Canada 164 2.31 94 70 32,967,314 207,342 360 0.603 97%
Cape Verde Islands 4 0.06 2 2 492,000 492,000 492,000 ? 25%
Caribbean Netherlands 6 0.08 5 1 18,540 3,708 3,390 0.707 83%
Cayman Islands 4 0.06 1 3 74,840 18,710 50,000 0.475 100%
Central African Republic 83 1.17 72 11 3,488,143 45,301 17,350 0.959 93%
Chad 132 1.86 131 1 8,638,559 71,988 13,150 0.933 91%
Chile 17 0.24 11 6 17,728,013 1,772,801 10,500 0.036 59%
China 301 4.24 299 2 1,298,861,948 4,448,157 27,700 0.521 97%
China–Hong Kong 10 0.14 7 3 7,323,700 813,744 89,800 0.205 90%
China–Macao 8 0.11 6 2 862,790 107,849 19,620 0.253 100%
China–Taiwan 28 0.39 22 6 22,093,700 920,571 6,620 0.489 86%
Colombia 86 1.21 82 4 47,059,630 580,983 1,300 0.019 94%
Comoros 6 0.08 6 0 764,500 152,900 40,000 0.551 83%
Congo 65 0.92 62 3 3,691,260 59,536 14,400 0.821 95%
Cook Islands 5 0.07 5 0 15,000 3,000 680 0.232 100%
Costa Rica 12 0.17 11 1 4,523,430 452,343 2,840 0.036 83%
Croatia 25 0.35 15 10 4,433,610 192,766 10,200 0.102 92%
Cuba 5 0.07 3 2 11,203,500 3,734,500 5,600,000 0.001 60%
Curacao 6 0.08 5 1 136,910 27,382 8,550 0.285 83%
Cyprus 15 0.21 4 11 1,531,180 117,783 154,880 0.444 87%
Czechia 26 0.37 10 16 10,794,890 415,188 10,450 0.072 100%
Côte d’Ivoire 99 1.39 84 15 12,308,290 146,527 25,200 0.900 85%
Democratic Republic of the Congo 212 2.99 210 2 39,893,030 199,465 26,000 0.948 94%
Denmark 23 0.32 4 19 5,637,000 296,684 16,450 0.089 83%
Djibouti 10 0.14 5 5 731,900 104,557 162,000 0.504 70%
Dominica 5 0.07 3 2 52,800 17,600 10,000 0.313 60%
Dominican Republic 9 0.13 4 5 9,433,500 1,572,250 159,000 0.040 67%
East Timor 20 0.28 20 0 1,040,006 52,000 16,700 0.819 100%
Ecuador 25 0.35 24 1 16,279,895 651,196 11,695 0.182 100%
Egypt 23 0.32 15 8 94,879,800 4,993,674 752,000 0.512 83%
El Salvador 5 0.07 5 0 6,278,000 2,092,667 7,500 0.003 60%
Equatorial Guinea 17 0.24 14 3 699,039 58,253 7,500 0.284 71%
Eritrea 20 0.28 15 5 6,465,200 461,800 164,500 0.672 70%
Estonia 20 0.28 7 13 1,530,870 85,048 44,250 0.473 90%
Ethiopia 90 1.27 88 2 68,260,250 784,601 48,000 0.862 97%
Faroe Islands 2 0.03 2 0 48,000 48,000 48,000 ? 50%
Fiji 21 0.30 10 11 842,340 64,795 7,700 0.632 62%
Finland 37 0.52 12 25 5,611,580 151,664 7,585 0.172 100%
France 41 0.58 21 20 69,428,400 1,827,063 118,000 0.252 93%
French Guiana 16 0.23 13 3 79,650 7,241 925 0.549 69%
French Polynesia 10 0.14 9 1 257,960 25,796 3,000 0.463 100%
Gabon 43 0.61 43 0 1,074,960 25,594 4,000 0.846 98%
Gambia 24 0.34 11 13 1,314,820 69,201 43,650 0.776 79%
Georgia 27 0.38 19 8 4,882,620 187,793 17,300 0.550 96%
Germany 92 1.30 24 68 86,065,300 1,212,187 80,000 0.336 77%
Ghana 87 1.23 81 6 27,661,206 359,236 36,000 0.858 89%
Gibraltar 3 0.04 2 1 45,200 15,067 21,200 0.511 100%
Greece 28 0.39 16 12 11,435,480 519,795 9,700 0.123 79%
Greenland 3 0.04 3 0 56,200 28,100 28,100 0.196 67%
Grenada 4 0.06 4 0 92,250 30,750 2,300 0.064 75%
Guadeloupe 4 0.06 3 1 449,300 149,767 218,650 0.083 75%
Guam 9 0.13 2 7 191,000 27,286 52,150 0.736 78%
Guatemala 26 0.37 26 0 14,519,872 558,457 32,500 0.518 100%
Guernsey 4 0.06 3 1 62,720 31,360 31,360 0.007 50%
Guinea 38 0.54 36 2 8,151,300 254,728 23,000 0.748 84%
Guinea-Bissau 27 0.38 23 4 1,653,490 75,159 8,520 0.859 81%
Guyana 19 0.27 17 2 1,319,093 101,469 1,215 0.514 68%
Haiti 4 0.06 4 0 6,960,600 2,320,200 600 0.000 75%
Honduras 12 0.17 10 2 8,142,850 740,259 990 0.039 92%
Hungary 21 0.30 17 4 10,007,110 588,654 3,710 0.033 81%
Iceland 3 0.04 2 1 301,000 100,333 150,150 0.007 100%
India 454 6.40 448 6 1,078,672,781 2,508,541 34,400 0.914 95%
Indonesia 709 9.99 707 2 221,455,810 314,568 3,500 0.816 99%
Iran 81 1.14 78 3 85,993,020 1,433,217 81,000 0.638 74%
Iraq 27 0.38 24 3 33,742,620 1,467,070 110,000 0.761 85%
Ireland 13 0.18 5 8 4,548,940 413,540 21,000 0.118 85%
Isle of Man 2 0.03 2 0 85,000 42,500 42,500 0.000 100%
Israel 52 0.73 35 17 8,768,485 190,619 42,500 0.719 88%
Italy 44 0.62 34 10 79,507,930 1,939,218 100,000 0.460 93%
Jamaica 8 0.11 4 4 2,692,540 448,757 7,500 0.017 75%
Japan 18 0.25 15 3 129,302,863 9,235,919 5,050 0.035 78%
Jersey 4 0.06 3 1 64,100 21,367 30,600 0.136 75%
Jordan 14 0.20 10 4 5,227,000 522,700 65,300 0.498 71%
Kazakhstan 47 0.66 14 33 15,308,820 356,019 90,000 0.514 91%
Kenya 72 1.01 67 5 37,110,868 545,748 178,000 0.927 94%
Kiribati 3 0.04 2 1 103,990 34,663 51,745 0.019 100%
Kuwait 7 0.10 3 4 1,749,400 349,880 507,200 0.605 71%
Kyrgyzstan 33 0.46 6 27 5,825,990 215,777 290,650 0.459 82%
Laos 87 1.23 81 6 5,773,774 70,412 7,200 0.697 94%
Latvia 16 0.23 7 9 2,363,930 168,852 8,000 0.526 88%
Lebanon 10 0.14 7 3 4,680,570 585,071 218,000 0.198 80%
Lesotho 5 0.07 5 0 2,214,000 553,500 47,000 0.091 80%
Liberia 34 0.48 31 3 4,290,730 134,085 85,600 0.917 94%
Libya 30 0.42 10 20 6,186,770 229,140 17,000 0.538 90%
Liechtenstein 5 0.07 4 1 35,910 11,970 17,750 0.092 60%
Lithuania 15 0.21 10 5 3,702,375 336,580 8,000 0.404 73%
Luxembourg 16 0.23 4 12 460,780 28,799 66,100 0.622 100%
Macedonia 13 0.18 11 2 2,080,670 208,067 24,900 0.495 77%
Madagascar 20 0.28 14 6 18,266,000 1,014,778 1,130,000 0.789 90%
Malawi 23 0.32 16 7 13,032,000 766,588 174,500 0.692 74%
Malaysia 145 2.04 134 11 22,083,975 210,324 3,400 0.735 72%
Maldives 2 0.03 2 0 331,000 331,000 331,000 ? 50%
Mali 72 1.01 68 4 12,882,390 189,447 25,000 0.873 94%
Malta 7 0.10 3 4 457,170 65,310 16,200 0.255 100%
Marshall Islands 2 0.03 2 0 65,700 32,850 32,850 0.457 100%
Martinique 4 0.06 3 1 427,330 142,443 213,500 0.043 75%
Mauritania 8 0.11 7 1 3,589,900 512,843 97,800 0.228 88%
Mauritius 14 0.20 7 7 1,234,660 94,974 28,550 0.216 93%
Mayotte 5 0.07 3 2 185,000 46,250 41,700 0.438 80%
Mexico 290 4.09 285 5 119,501,413 416,381 4,725 0.106 99%
Micronesia 19 0.27 18 1 115,550 6,419 2,065 0.751 95%
Moldova 14 0.20 10 4 3,363,260 480,466 162,000 0.389 50%
Monaco 4 0.06 4 0 31,700 7,925 5,350 0.652 100%
Mongolia 14 0.20 12 2 2,875,100 359,388 31,000 0.179 57%
Montenegro 9 0.13 5 4 588,140 84,020 32,700 0.244 78%
Montserrat 2 0.03 2 0 3,920 1,960 1,960 0.050 100%
Morocco 14 0.20 14 0 27,713,920 2,519,447 80,000 0.461 79%
Mozambique 46 0.65 43 3 20,291,700 450,927 197,500 0.926 98%
Myanmar 118 1.66 118 0 46,676,605 398,945 15,000 0.522 99%
Namibia 32 0.45 27 5 2,748,410 88,658 12,000 0.779 97%
Nauru 9 0.13 3 6 13,310 2,218 5,005 0.487 67%
Nepal 124 1.75 120 4 26,642,691 220,188 7,780 0.755 98%
Netherlands 45 0.63 15 30 20,448,000 639,000 220,000 0.405 71%
New Caledonia 40 0.56 38 2 143,010 3,972 950 0.750 90%
New Zealand 28 0.39 4 24 4,543,920 174,766 148,000 0.291 93%
Nicaragua 11 0.15 11 0 5,454,490 495,863 740 0.052 100%
Niger 22 0.31 22 0 14,000,900 666,710 30,000 0.571 95%
Nigeria 527 7.42 520 7 103,910,005 222,030 13,800 0.890 89%
Niue 3 0.04 2 1 1,490 745 745 0.192 67%
Norfolk Island 2 0.03 2 0 2,110 1,055 1,055 0.325 100%
North Korea 1 0.01 1 0 23,300,000 23,300,000 23,300,000 0.000 100%
Northern Mariana Islands 7 0.10 4 3 42,180 6,026 4,620 0.719 100%
Norway 21 0.30 11 10 5,261,260 350,751 1,500 0.067 71%
Oman 23 0.32 17 6 3,646,500 182,325 30,000 0.698 87%
Pakistan 79 1.11 73 6 198,899,690 2,762,496 56,500 0.752 91%
Palau 6 0.08 4 2 19,992 3,332 1,810 0.470 100%
Palestine 10 0.14 6 4 3,686,800 409,644 1,400 0.303 90%
Panama 19 0.27 15 4 3,432,843 264,065 12,400 0.287 68%
Papua New Guinea 840 11.83 840 0 4,171,079 4,989 1,270 0.988 100%
Paraguay 27 0.38 23 4 6,622,608 254,716 2,060 0.215 96%
Peru 94 1.32 93 1 29,982,662 325,898 4,210 0.339 98%
Philippines 191 2.69 183 8 72,034,715 393,632 20,000 0.842 96%
Pitcairn 2 0.03 2 0 36 36 36 ? 50%
Poland 27 0.38 21 6 38,365,810 1,534,632 12,000 0.050 93%
Portugal 18 0.25 9 9 10,346,400 574,800 15,000 0.066 100%
Puerto Rico 12 0.17 4 8 3,601,200 360,120 100,000 0.060 83%
Qatar 14 0.20 3 11 1,583,200 131,933 320,500 0.825 86%
Romania 29 0.41 23 6 21,670,430 1,031,925 19,400 0.153 72%
Russian Federation 155 2.18 108 47 140,654,350 937,696 5,100 0.283 97%
Rwanda 5 0.07 3 2 11,118,740 2,779,685 5,301,515 0.089 80%
Réunion 8 0.11 3 5 651,200 93,029 310,500 0.452 88%
Saint Barthélemy 3 0.04 3 0 7,850 2,617 1,000 0.244 100%
Saint Kitts and Nevis 3 0.04 3 0 39,240 13,080 200 0.012 100%
Saint Lucia 4 0.06 3 1 159,600 79,800 79,800 0.020 50%
Saint Martin 5 0.07 3 2 28,500 5,700 5,000 0.689 100%
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 3 0.04 2 1 6,790 2,263 3,295 0.110 100%
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 4 0.06 3 1 138,700 34,675 400 0.010 100%
Samoa 3 0.04 2 1 187,000 62,333 93,400 0.174 100%
San Marino 2 0.03 2 0 25,000 12,500 12,500 0.000 100%
Saudi Arabia 24 0.34 11 13 18,723,220 851,055 250,000 0.427 92%
Senegal 47 0.66 38 9 13,974,680 303,797 20,000 0.778 98%
Serbia 23 0.32 16 7 7,208,080 360,404 31,000 0.224 87%
Seychelles 3 0.04 3 0 85,420 28,473 4,590 0.116 100%
Sierra Leone 26 0.37 24 2 6,977,150 290,715 138,000 0.841 92%
Singapore 31 0.44 24 7 5,677,330 210,271 14,100 0.761 87%
Sint Maarten 9 0.13 4 5 39,800 4,422 6,000 0.816 100%
Slovakia 15 0.21 10 5 5,506,240 458,853 15,000 0.247 80%
Slovenia 15 0.21 9 6 2,094,660 190,424 5,505 0.167 73%
Solomon Islands 73 1.03 73 0 380,859 5,290 2,735 0.968 99%
Somalia 14 0.20 13 1 9,938,659 828,222 20,000 0.350 86%
South Africa 42 0.59 30 12 51,004,892 1,416,803 133,500 0.871 86%
South Korea 5 0.07 3 2 48,649,600 12,162,400 24,202,500 0.010 80%
South Sudan 69 0.97 69 0 4,444,650 79,369 26,000 0.929 81%
Spain 24 0.34 15 9 45,419,910 2,523,328 42,500 0.276 75%
Sri Lanka 12 0.17 7 5 19,983,720 1,998,372 46,000 0.446 83%
Sudan 77 1.08 76 1 32,195,500 473,463 13,000 0.307 88%
Suriname 27 0.38 21 6 547,035 21,881 1,650 0.709 93%
Swaziland 7 0.10 5 2 1,105,900 157,986 19,000 0.209 100%
Sweden 36 0.51 14 22 10,056,090 295,767 3,200 0.226 94%
Switzerland 25 0.35 12 13 8,772,330 438,616 30,500 0.683 80%
Syria 24 0.34 18 6 23,785,610 1,081,164 76,000 0.363 92%
São Tomé e Príncipe 7 0.10 4 3 120,090 17,156 7,540 0.630 100%
Tajikistan 33 0.46 13 20 7,580,210 303,208 27,500 0.276 76%
Tanzania 126 1.77 125 1 48,071,890 400,599 86,000 0.871 95%
Thailand 83 1.17 70 13 52,892,781 734,622 13,800 0.752 87%
Togo 46 0.65 44 2 4,889,380 113,707 34,300 0.905 93%
Tokelau 5 0.07 2 3 2,421 484 870 0.679 100%
Tonga 4 0.06 3 1 105,550 26,388 1,020 0.029 100%
Trinidad and Tobago 9 0.13 7 2 2,632,500 329,062 20,000 0.599 89%
Tunisia 13 0.18 6 7 11,532,500 961,042 21,200 0.122 92%
Turkey 52 0.73 39 13 82,840,960 2,124,127 66,000 0.345 75%
Turkmenistan 31 0.44 6 25 5,300,460 176,682 256,850 0.457 97%
Turks and Caicos Islands 3 0.04 2 1 11,620 5,810 5,810 0.146 67%
Tuvalu 3 0.04 3 0 10,100 5,050 5,050 0.020 67%
U.S. Virgin Islands 6 0.08 3 3 167,410 33,482 52,300 0.550 83%
Uganda 45 0.63 43 2 33,690,850 765,701 303,000 0.929 98%
Ukraine 40 0.56 22 18 49,826,886 1,346,673 75,600 0.489 92%
United Arab Emirates 34 0.48 7 27 5,651,610 235,484 407,000 0.707 71%
United Kingdom 84 1.18 11 73 61,536,550 809,691 57,400 0.154 90%
United States 347 4.89 220 127 316,386,398 944,437 25 0.333 97%
Uruguay 14 0.20 4 10 3,469,050 385,450 27,000 0.111 64%
Uzbekistan 38 0.54 10 28 30,973,900 910,997 378,000 0.466 89%
Vanuatu 117 1.65 111 6 192,536 1,674 680 0.973 98%
Vatican State 2 0.03 2 0 330 165 165 0.000 100%
Venezuela 51 0.72 44 7 29,699,865 645,649 705 0.040 90%
Viet Nam 111 1.56 109 2 76,935,380 761,736 13,500 0.267 91%
Wallis and Futuna 3 0.04 3 0 12,960 4,320 3,900 0.548 100%
Yemen 14 0.20 11 3 15,762,900 1,432,991 59,950 0.581 79%
Zambia 56 0.79 46 10 11,433,470 238,197 32,850 0.830 86%
Zimbabwe 23 0.32 21 2 11,688,440 649,358 145,000 0.597 78%

Table 8. Linguistic diversity of countries in the world (highest to lowest)

CountryDiversityLiving languagesNumber of speakers
IndexCoverageTotalPercentEstablishedImmigrantCountMeanMedian
Papua New Guinea 0.988 100% 840 11.83 840 0 4,171,079 4,989 1,270
Cameroon 0.974 97% 280 3.94 279 1 10,166,051 37,375 9,500
Vanuatu 0.973 98% 117 1.65 111 6 192,536 1,674 680
Solomon Islands 0.968 99% 73 1.03 73 0 380,859 5,290 2,735
Central African Republic 0.959 93% 83 1.17 72 11 3,488,143 45,301 17,350
Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.948 94% 212 2.99 210 2 39,893,030 199,465 26,000
Benin 0.933 96% 56 0.79 55 1 6,635,390 122,878 60,500
Chad 0.933 91% 132 1.86 131 1 8,638,559 71,988 13,150
South Sudan 0.929 81% 69 0.97 69 0 4,444,650 79,369 26,000
Uganda 0.929 98% 45 0.63 43 2 33,690,850 765,701 303,000
Kenya 0.927 94% 72 1.01 67 5 37,110,868 545,748 178,000
Mozambique 0.926 98% 46 0.65 43 3 20,291,700 450,927 197,500
Liberia 0.917 94% 34 0.48 31 3 4,290,730 134,085 85,600
India 0.914 95% 454 6.40 448 6 1,078,672,781 2,508,541 34,400
Togo 0.905 93% 46 0.65 44 2 4,889,380 113,707 34,300
Côte d’Ivoire 0.900 85% 99 1.39 84 15 12,308,290 146,527 25,200
Nigeria 0.890 89% 527 7.42 520 7 103,910,005 222,030 13,800
Mali 0.873 94% 72 1.01 68 4 12,882,390 189,447 25,000
South Africa 0.871 86% 42 0.59 30 12 51,004,892 1,416,803 133,500
Tanzania 0.871 95% 126 1.77 125 1 48,071,890 400,599 86,000
Ethiopia 0.862 97% 90 1.27 88 2 68,260,250 784,601 48,000
Guinea-Bissau 0.859 81% 27 0.38 23 4 1,653,490 75,159 8,520
Ghana 0.858 89% 87 1.23 81 6 27,661,206 359,236 36,000
Gabon 0.846 98% 43 0.61 43 0 1,074,960 25,594 4,000
Philippines 0.842 96% 191 2.69 183 8 72,034,715 393,632 20,000
Sierra Leone 0.841 92% 26 0.37 24 2 6,977,150 290,715 138,000
Zambia 0.830 86% 56 0.79 46 10 11,433,470 238,197 32,850
Bhutan 0.827 81% 31 0.44 23 8 639,800 25,592 8,000
Qatar 0.825 86% 14 0.20 3 11 1,583,200 131,933 320,500
Congo 0.821 95% 65 0.92 62 3 3,691,260 59,536 14,400
East Timor 0.819 100% 20 0.28 20 0 1,040,006 52,000 16,700
Indonesia 0.816 99% 709 9.99 707 2 221,455,810 314,568 3,500
Sint Maarten 0.816 100% 9 0.13 4 5 39,800 4,422 6,000
Afghanistan 0.790 98% 42 0.59 41 1 22,964,800 560,117 8,000
Madagascar 0.789 90% 20 0.28 14 6 18,266,000 1,014,778 1,130,000
Namibia 0.779 97% 32 0.45 27 5 2,748,410 88,658 12,000
Senegal 0.778 98% 47 0.66 38 9 13,974,680 303,797 20,000
Gambia 0.776 79% 24 0.34 11 13 1,314,820 69,201 43,650
Iraq 0.761 85% 27 0.38 24 3 33,742,620 1,467,070 110,000
Singapore 0.761 87% 31 0.44 24 7 5,677,330 210,271 14,100
Nepal 0.755 98% 124 1.75 120 4 26,642,691 220,188 7,780
Pakistan 0.752 91% 79 1.11 73 6 198,899,690 2,762,496 56,500
Thailand 0.752 87% 83 1.17 70 13 52,892,781 734,622 13,800
Micronesia 0.751 95% 19 0.27 18 1 115,550 6,419 2,065
New Caledonia 0.750 90% 40 0.56 38 2 143,010 3,972 950
Angola 0.748 98% 40 0.56 40 0 23,511,670 602,863 43,900
Guinea 0.748 84% 38 0.54 36 2 8,151,300 254,728 23,000
Guam 0.736 78% 9 0.13 2 7 191,000 27,286 52,150
Malaysia 0.735 72% 145 2.04 134 11 22,083,975 210,324 3,400
Belize 0.721 100% 12 0.17 8 4 541,160 45,097 14,100
Burkina Faso 0.721 96% 71 1.00 71 0 12,472,930 183,425 20,500
Israel 0.719 88% 52 0.73 35 17 8,768,485 190,619 42,500
Northern Mariana Islands 0.719 100% 7 0.10 4 3 42,180 6,026 4,620
Suriname 0.709 93% 27 0.38 21 6 547,035 21,881 1,650
Caribbean Netherlands 0.707 83% 6 0.08 5 1 18,540 3,708 3,390
United Arab Emirates 0.707 71% 34 0.48 7 27 5,651,610 235,484 407,000
Belgium 0.700 78% 36 0.51 11 25 12,807,200 457,400 200,000
Oman 0.698 87% 23 0.32 17 6 3,646,500 182,325 30,000
Laos 0.697 94% 87 1.23 81 6 5,773,774 70,412 7,200
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.694 91% 11 0.15 5 6 2,699,500 269,950 383,000
Malawi 0.692 74% 23 0.32 16 7 13,032,000 766,588 174,500
Saint Martin 0.689 100% 5 0.07 3 2 28,500 5,700 5,000
Switzerland 0.683 80% 25 0.35 12 13 8,772,330 438,616 30,500
Tokelau 0.679 100% 5 0.07 2 3 2,421 484 870
Eritrea 0.672 70% 20 0.28 15 5 6,465,200 461,800 164,500
Andorra 0.671 100% 5 0.07 4 1 74,270 14,854 19,650
Bahrain 0.658 93% 14 0.20 6 8 724,300 55,715 80,000
Monaco 0.652 100% 4 0.06 4 0 31,700 7,925 5,350
Iran 0.638 74% 81 1.14 78 3 85,993,020 1,433,217 81,000
Fiji 0.632 62% 21 0.30 10 11 842,340 64,795 7,700
São Tomé e Príncipe 0.630 100% 7 0.10 4 3 120,090 17,156 7,540
Luxembourg 0.622 100% 16 0.23 4 12 460,780 28,799 66,100
Kuwait 0.605 71% 7 0.10 3 4 1,749,400 349,880 507,200
Canada 0.603 97% 164 2.31 94 70 32,967,314 207,342 360
Trinidad and Tobago 0.599 89% 9 0.13 7 2 2,632,500 329,062 20,000
Zimbabwe 0.597 78% 23 0.32 21 2 11,688,440 649,358 145,000
Yemen 0.581 79% 14 0.20 11 3 15,762,900 1,432,991 59,950
Niger 0.571 95% 22 0.31 22 0 14,000,900 666,710 30,000
Brunei 0.570 94% 17 0.24 15 2 459,685 28,730 8,150
Bolivia 0.565 96% 45 0.63 43 2 7,335,305 170,588 400
Comoros 0.551 83% 6 0.08 6 0 764,500 152,900 40,000
Georgia 0.550 96% 27 0.38 19 8 4,882,620 187,793 17,300
U.S. Virgin Islands 0.550 83% 6 0.08 3 3 167,410 33,482 52,300
French Guiana 0.549 69% 16 0.23 13 3 79,650 7,241 925
Wallis and Futuna 0.548 100% 3 0.04 3 0 12,960 4,320 3,900
Libya 0.538 90% 30 0.42 10 20 6,186,770 229,140 17,000
Latvia 0.526 88% 16 0.23 7 9 2,363,930 168,852 8,000
Myanmar 0.522 99% 118 1.66 118 0 46,676,605 398,945 15,000
China 0.521 97% 301 4.24 299 2 1,298,861,948 4,448,157 27,700
Guatemala 0.518 100% 26 0.37 26 0 14,519,872 558,457 32,500
Antigua and Barbuda 0.515 80% 5 0.07 2 3 135,000 33,750 66,500
Guyana 0.514 68% 19 0.27 17 2 1,319,093 101,469 1,215
Kazakhstan 0.514 91% 47 0.66 14 33 15,308,820 356,019 90,000
Egypt 0.512 83% 23 0.32 15 8 94,879,800 4,993,674 752,000
Gibraltar 0.511 100% 3 0.04 2 1 45,200 15,067 21,200
Bahamas 0.509 80% 5 0.07 3 2 576,280 144,070 284,500
Djibouti 0.504 70% 10 0.14 5 5 731,900 104,557 162,000
Albania 0.503 83% 12 0.17 8 4 2,801,786 280,179 4,220
Barbados 0.500 100% 3 0.04 3 0 518,290 172,763 256,000
British Virgin Islands 0.500 100% 2 0.03 2 0 39,700 19,850 19,850
Jordan 0.498 71% 14 0.20 10 4 5,227,000 522,700 65,300
Macedonia 0.495 77% 13 0.18 11 2 2,080,670 208,067 24,900
China–Taiwan 0.489 86% 28 0.39 22 6 22,093,700 920,571 6,620
Ukraine 0.489 92% 40 0.56 22 18 49,826,886 1,346,673 75,600
Nauru 0.487 67% 9 0.13 3 6 13,310 2,218 5,005
Cayman Islands 0.475 100% 4 0.06 1 3 74,840 18,710 50,000
Estonia 0.473 90% 20 0.28 7 13 1,530,870 85,048 44,250
Palau 0.470 100% 6 0.08 4 2 19,992 3,332 1,810
Uzbekistan 0.466 89% 38 0.54 10 28 30,973,900 910,997 378,000
French Polynesia 0.463 100% 10 0.14 9 1 257,960 25,796 3,000
Morocco 0.461 79% 14 0.20 14 0 27,713,920 2,519,447 80,000
Italy 0.460 93% 44 0.62 34 10 79,507,930 1,939,218 100,000
Kyrgyzstan 0.459 82% 33 0.46 6 27 5,825,990 215,777 290,650
Marshall Islands 0.457 100% 2 0.03 2 0 65,700 32,850 32,850
Turkmenistan 0.457 97% 31 0.44 6 25 5,300,460 176,682 256,850
Réunion 0.452 88% 8 0.11 3 5 651,200 93,029 310,500
Sri Lanka 0.446 83% 12 0.17 7 5 19,983,720 1,998,372 46,000
Cyprus 0.444 87% 15 0.21 4 11 1,531,180 117,783 154,880
Mayotte 0.438 80% 5 0.07 3 2 185,000 46,250 41,700
Aruba 0.429 67% 6 0.08 4 2 81,090 20,272 9,000
Saudi Arabia 0.427 92% 24 0.34 11 13 18,723,220 851,055 250,000
Belarus 0.411 100% 11 0.15 4 7 9,170,400 833,673 1,230,500
Netherlands 0.405 71% 45 0.63 15 30 20,448,000 639,000 220,000
Lithuania 0.404 73% 15 0.21 10 5 3,702,375 336,580 8,000
Botswana 0.397 92% 38 0.54 31 7 2,213,660 63,247 5,950
Moldova 0.389 50% 14 0.20 10 4 3,363,260 480,466 162,000
Syria 0.363 92% 24 0.34 18 6 23,785,610 1,081,164 76,000
Algeria 0.360 90% 21 0.30 18 3 33,135,600 1,743,979 40,000
Somalia 0.350 86% 14 0.20 13 1 9,938,659 828,222 20,000
Turkey 0.345 75% 52 0.73 39 13 82,840,960 2,124,127 66,000
Peru 0.339 98% 94 1.32 93 1 29,982,662 325,898 4,210
Germany 0.336 77% 92 1.30 24 68 86,065,300 1,212,187 80,000
United States 0.333 97% 347 4.89 220 127 316,386,398 944,437 25
Norfolk Island 0.325 100% 2 0.03 2 0 2,110 1,055 1,055
Bangladesh 0.318 96% 46 0.65 41 5 193,817,420 4,404,941 15,500
Dominica 0.313 60% 5 0.07 3 2 52,800 17,600 10,000
Sudan 0.307 88% 77 1.08 76 1 32,195,500 473,463 13,000
Palestine 0.303 90% 10 0.14 6 4 3,686,800 409,644 1,400
New Zealand 0.291 93% 28 0.39 4 24 4,543,920 174,766 148,000
Panama 0.287 68% 19 0.27 15 4 3,432,843 264,065 12,400
Curacao 0.285 83% 6 0.08 5 1 136,910 27,382 8,550
Equatorial Guinea 0.284 71% 17 0.24 14 3 699,039 58,253 7,500
Russian Federation 0.283 97% 155 2.18 108 47 140,654,350 937,696 5,100
Spain 0.276 75% 24 0.34 15 9 45,419,910 2,523,328 42,500
Tajikistan 0.276 76% 33 0.46 13 20 7,580,210 303,208 27,500
Australia 0.274 95% 259 3.65 215 44 21,607,217 87,479 30
Viet Nam 0.267 91% 111 1.56 109 2 76,935,380 761,736 13,500
Malta 0.255 100% 7 0.10 3 4 457,170 65,310 16,200
China–Macao 0.253 100% 8 0.11 6 2 862,790 107,849 19,620
France 0.252 93% 41 0.58 21 20 69,428,400 1,827,063 118,000
Slovakia 0.247 80% 15 0.21 10 5 5,506,240 458,853 15,000
Montenegro 0.244 78% 9 0.13 5 4 588,140 84,020 32,700
Saint Barthélemy 0.244 100% 3 0.04 3 0 7,850 2,617 1,000
Austria 0.234 72% 29 0.41 13 16 8,961,530 426,740 24,900
Cook Islands 0.232 100% 5 0.07 5 0 15,000 3,000 680
Mauritania 0.228 88% 8 0.11 7 1 3,589,900 512,843 97,800
Bulgaria 0.226 88% 25 0.35 11 14 8,016,320 364,378 10,500
Sweden 0.226 94% 36 0.51 14 22 10,056,090 295,767 3,200
Serbia 0.224 87% 23 0.32 16 7 7,208,080 360,404 31,000
Mauritius 0.216 93% 14 0.20 7 7 1,234,660 94,974 28,550
Paraguay 0.215 96% 27 0.38 23 4 6,622,608 254,716 2,060
American Samoa 0.210 86% 7 0.10 2 5 55,910 9,318 25,800
Swaziland 0.209 100% 7 0.10 5 2 1,105,900 157,986 19,000
China–Hong Kong 0.205 90% 10 0.14 7 3 7,323,700 813,744 89,800
Azerbaijan 0.202 95% 37 0.52 18 19 9,246,510 264,186 20,000
Lebanon 0.198 80% 10 0.14 7 3 4,680,570 585,071 218,000
Greenland 0.196 67% 3 0.04 3 0 56,200 28,100 28,100
Niue 0.192 67% 3 0.04 2 1 1,490 745 745
Ecuador 0.182 100% 25 0.35 24 1 16,279,895 651,196 11,695
Mongolia 0.179 57% 14 0.20 12 2 2,875,100 359,388 31,000
Samoa 0.174 100% 3 0.04 2 1 187,000 62,333 93,400
Finland 0.172 100% 37 0.52 12 25 5,611,580 151,664 7,585
Slovenia 0.167 73% 15 0.21 9 6 2,094,660 190,424 5,505
Argentina 0.165 87% 38 0.54 24 14 44,146,270 1,337,766 8,410
United Kingdom 0.154 90% 84 1.18 11 73 61,536,550 809,691 57,400
Romania 0.153 72% 29 0.41 23 6 21,670,430 1,031,925 19,400
Turks and Caicos Islands 0.146 67% 3 0.04 2 1 11,620 5,810 5,810
Anguilla 0.141 100% 2 0.03 2 0 12,450 6,225 6,225
Jersey 0.136 75% 4 0.06 3 1 64,100 21,367 30,600
Greece 0.123 79% 28 0.39 16 12 11,435,480 519,795 9,700
Tunisia 0.122 92% 13 0.18 6 7 11,532,500 961,042 21,200
Ireland 0.118 85% 13 0.18 5 8 4,548,940 413,540 21,000
Seychelles 0.116 100% 3 0.04 3 0 85,420 28,473 4,590
Uruguay 0.111 64% 14 0.20 4 10 3,469,050 385,450 27,000
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 0.110 100% 3 0.04 2 1 6,790 2,263 3,295
Mexico 0.106 99% 290 4.09 285 5 119,501,413 416,381 4,725
Croatia 0.102 92% 25 0.35 15 10 4,433,610 192,766 10,200
Cambodia 0.101 93% 28 0.39 27 1 15,826,130 608,697 6,220
Brazil 0.099 94% 227 3.20 216 11 204,400,751 959,628 240
Liechtenstein 0.092 60% 5 0.07 4 1 35,910 11,970 17,750
Lesotho 0.091 80% 5 0.07 5 0 2,214,000 553,500 47,000
Denmark 0.089 83% 23 0.32 4 19 5,637,000 296,684 16,450
Rwanda 0.089 80% 5 0.07 3 2 11,118,740 2,779,685 5,301,515
Guadeloupe 0.083 75% 4 0.06 3 1 449,300 149,767 218,650
Bermuda 0.076 67% 3 0.04 2 1 65,610 32,805 63,000
Czechia 0.072 100% 26 0.37 10 16 10,794,890 415,188 10,450
Norway 0.067 71% 21 0.30 11 10 5,261,260 350,751 1,500
Portugal 0.066 100% 18 0.25 9 9 10,346,400 574,800 15,000
Grenada 0.064 75% 4 0.06 4 0 92,250 30,750 2,300
Puerto Rico 0.060 83% 12 0.17 4 8 3,601,200 360,120 100,000
Armenia 0.053 85% 13 0.18 7 6 3,041,450 276,495 11,135
Nicaragua 0.052 100% 11 0.15 11 0 5,454,490 495,863 740
Montserrat 0.050 100% 2 0.03 2 0 3,920 1,960 1,960
Poland 0.050 93% 27 0.38 21 6 38,365,810 1,534,632 12,000
Martinique 0.043 75% 4 0.06 3 1 427,330 142,443 213,500
Dominican Republic 0.040 67% 9 0.13 4 5 9,433,500 1,572,250 159,000
Venezuela 0.040 90% 51 0.72 44 7 29,699,865 645,649 705
Honduras 0.039 92% 12 0.17 10 2 8,142,850 740,259 990
Chile 0.036 59% 17 0.24 11 6 17,728,013 1,772,801 10,500
Costa Rica 0.036 83% 12 0.17 11 1 4,523,430 452,343 2,840
Japan 0.035 78% 18 0.25 15 3 129,302,863 9,235,919 5,050
Hungary 0.033 81% 21 0.30 17 4 10,007,110 588,654 3,710
Tonga 0.029 100% 4 0.06 3 1 105,550 26,388 1,020
Saint Lucia 0.020 50% 4 0.06 3 1 159,600 79,800 79,800
Tuvalu 0.020 67% 3 0.04 3 0 10,100 5,050 5,050
Colombia 0.019 94% 86 1.21 82 4 47,059,630 580,983 1,300
Kiribati 0.019 100% 3 0.04 2 1 103,990 34,663 51,745
Jamaica 0.017 75% 8 0.11 4 4 2,692,540 448,757 7,500
Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.012 100% 3 0.04 3 0 39,240 13,080 200
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.010 100% 4 0.06 3 1 138,700 34,675 400
South Korea 0.010 80% 5 0.07 3 2 48,649,600 12,162,400 24,202,500
Burundi 0.007 100% 4 0.06 3 1 10,036,100 2,509,025 9,600
Guernsey 0.007 50% 4 0.06 3 1 62,720 31,360 31,360
Iceland 0.007 100% 3 0.04 2 1 301,000 100,333 150,150
El Salvador 0.003 60% 5 0.07 5 0 6,278,000 2,092,667 7,500
Cuba 0.001 60% 5 0.07 3 2 11,203,500 3,734,500 5,600,000
Haiti 0.000 75% 4 0.06 4 0 6,960,600 2,320,200 600
Isle of Man 0.000 100% 2 0.03 2 0 85,000 42,500 42,500
San Marino 0.000 100% 2 0.03 2 0 25,000 12,500 12,500
Vatican State 0.000 100% 2 0.03 2 0 330 165 165
British Indian Ocean Territory 0.000 100% 1 0.01 1 0 3,500 3,500 3,500
North Korea 0.000 100% 1 0.01 1 0 23,300,000 23,300,000 23,300,000
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