Summary by country

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Table 7 summarizes the distribution of languages and their populations within the countries of the world. The Count column gives the total count of living languages used as a first language in that country, and Percent translates that to a percentage of all living languages in the world. Unlike the preceding tables, this table counts all languages regardless of their area of origin. Therefore, no grand totals are given for these columns since the same language can be counted as being used in multiple countries. The next two columns break the language count into Established languages versus Immigrant languages. The next three columns summarize populations: Total gives the total number of first-language speakers in that country for all languages for which population figures are known, Mean gives the average size of those language groups for which population figures are known, and Median gives the middle size of a language group (that is, half are larger and half are smaller). The last two columns are explained in the next paragraph.

Table 8 repeats the information in table 7 but presents the countries of the world in order of their linguistic diversity, from most diverse to least diverse. The Index column reports Greenberg’s diversity index. This is the probability that any two people of the country selected at random would have different mother tongues (Lieberson 1981). The highest possible value, 1, indicates total diversity (that is, no two people have the same mother tongue) while the lowest possible value, 0, indicates no diversity at all (that is, everyone has the same mother tongue). The computation of the diversity index is based on the population of each language as a proportion of the total population. The Coverage column indicates the completeness of the computation by reporting the percentage of languages in the country for which population estimates are available.

Table 7. Distribution of living languages in the world by country

CountryLiving languagesNumber of speakersDiversity
CountPercentEstablishedImmigrantTotalMeanMedianIndexCoverage
Afghanistan 42 0.59 41 1 23,126,300 564,056 16,000 0.793 98%
Aland Islands 3 0.04 3 0 27,652 9,217 1,450 0.100 100%
Albania 12 0.17 8 4 2,801,786 280,179 4,220 0.503 83%
Algeria 22 0.31 18 4 38,548,160 1,927,408 40,000 0.511 91%
American Samoa 7 0.10 2 5 56,090 9,348 25,890 0.215 86%
Andorra 5 0.07 4 1 73,500 18,375 19,650 0.664 80%
Angola 45 0.63 45 0 26,205,770 595,586 34,700 0.715 98%
Anguilla 2 0.03 2 0 12,450 6,225 6,225 0.141 100%
Antigua and Barbuda 4 0.06 2 2 153,800 51,267 76,700 0.495 75%
Argentina 39 0.55 24 15 45,446,150 1,336,651 5,120 0.156 87%
Armenia 14 0.20 8 6 3,041,450 276,495 11,135 0.053 79%
Aruba 6 0.08 4 2 85,990 21,498 7,000 0.477 67%
Australia 250 3.52 206 44 21,604,570 89,275 20 0.274 97%
Austria 29 0.41 14 15 9,271,530 421,433 32,750 0.235 76%
Azerbaijan 38 0.54 18 20 9,280,890 257,802 11,700 0.208 95%
Bahamas 5 0.07 3 2 667,280 166,820 330,000 0.509 80%
Bahrain 14 0.20 6 8 1,263,500 97,192 144,000 0.637 93%
Bangladesh 45 0.63 41 4 194,218,420 4,516,707 15,500 0.321 96%
Barbados 3 0.04 3 0 518,290 172,763 256,000 0.500 100%
Belarus 11 0.15 4 7 8,946,400 813,309 1,121,000 0.382 100%
Belgium 36 0.51 11 25 13,689,000 507,000 400,000 0.690 75%
Belize 12 0.17 8 4 532,160 44,347 14,100 0.723 100%
Benin 56 0.79 55 1 9,605,590 177,881 64,000 0.924 96%
Bermuda 3 0.04 2 1 65,610 32,805 63,000 0.076 67%
Bhutan 31 0.44 23 8 639,500 25,580 8,000 0.827 81%
Bolivia 45 0.63 43 2 7,349,372 170,916 350 0.563 96%
Bosnia and Herzegovina 11 0.15 4 7 3,757,800 375,780 862,000 0.595 91%
Botswana 38 0.54 31 7 2,213,660 63,247 5,950 0.397 92%
Brazil 228 3.21 218 10 204,417,525 937,695 200 0.099 96%
British Indian Ocean Territory 1 0.01 1 0 4,000 4,000 4,000 0.000 100%
British Virgin Islands 2 0.03 2 0 39,700 19,850 19,850 0.500 100%
Brunei 17 0.24 15 2 459,685 28,730 8,150 0.570 94%
Bulgaria 25 0.35 12 13 7,833,020 356,046 5,620 0.230 88%
Burkina Faso 71 1.00 71 0 12,472,930 183,425 20,500 0.721 96%
Burundi 4 0.06 3 1 10,036,100 2,509,025 9,600 0.007 100%
Cambodia 29 0.41 27 2 16,326,490 583,089 5,210 0.154 97%
Cameroon 278 3.92 277 1 10,201,030 37,782 10,000 0.975 97%
Canada 194 2.73 96 98 33,358,315 176,499 260 0.614 97%
Cape Verde Islands 4 0.06 2 2 492,000 492,000 492,000 ? 25%
Caribbean Netherlands 6 0.08 5 1 18,540 3,708 3,390 0.707 83%
Cayman Islands 4 0.06 1 3 74,840 18,710 50,000 0.475 100%
Central African Republic 83 1.17 72 11 3,638,143 47,249 17,350 0.953 93%
Chad 132 1.86 131 1 8,865,559 73,880 13,150 0.931 91%
Chile 17 0.24 11 6 17,712,013 1,771,201 10,000 0.035 59%
China 302 4.26 299 3 1,307,566,948 4,462,686 27,700 0.520 97%
China–Hong Kong 11 0.15 7 4 6,929,750 692,975 118,500 0.181 91%
China–Macao 8 0.11 6 2 862,790 107,849 19,620 0.253 100%
China–Taiwan 28 0.39 22 6 23,286,205 970,259 4,065 0.498 86%
Christmas Island 2 0.03 2 0 1,000 500 500 0.493 100%
Cocos (Keeling) Islands 2 0.03 2 0 600 300 300 0.278 100%
Colombia 88 1.24 84 4 46,773,568 556,828 1,000 0.020 95%
Comoros 6 0.08 6 0 764,500 152,900 40,000 0.551 83%
Congo 64 0.90 62 2 3,690,660 60,503 14,400 0.821 95%
Cook Islands 5 0.07 5 0 15,000 3,000 680 0.232 100%
Costa Rica 12 0.17 11 1 4,773,430 477,343 2,840 0.035 83%
Croatia 27 0.38 15 12 4,333,590 180,566 10,200 0.104 89%
Cuba 5 0.07 3 2 11,303,500 3,767,833 5,650,000 0.001 60%
Curacao 6 0.08 5 1 137,670 27,534 8,760 0.292 83%
Cyprus 15 0.21 4 11 1,541,180 118,552 154,880 0.442 87%
Czechia 26 0.37 10 16 10,794,890 415,188 10,450 0.072 100%
Côte d’Ivoire 100 1.41 85 15 14,210,410 167,181 25,800 0.902 85%
Democratic Republic of the Congo 213 3.00 211 2 39,893,030 199,465 26,000 0.948 94%
Denmark 23 0.32 5 18 5,717,000 300,895 23,100 0.088 83%
Djibouti 10 0.14 5 5 830,400 103,800 125,300 0.595 80%
Dominica 5 0.07 3 2 45,800 15,267 3,000 0.131 60%
Dominican Republic 9 0.13 4 5 9,433,500 1,572,250 159,000 0.040 67%
East Timor 21 0.30 20 1 1,040,816 49,563 16,700 0.819 100%
Ecuador 24 0.34 24 0 16,365,752 681,906 11,000 0.179 100%
Egypt 23 0.32 15 8 94,599,800 5,255,544 752,000 0.509 78%
El Salvador 5 0.07 5 0 6,318,000 2,106,000 7,500 0.003 60%
Equatorial Guinea 16 0.23 14 2 699,150 58,262 7,000 0.284 75%
Eritrea 17 0.24 15 2 5,788,600 526,236 194,000 0.650 65%
Estonia 20 0.28 7 13 1,540,870 85,604 44,250 0.471 90%
Ethiopia 90 1.27 88 2 66,766,720 758,713 51,850 0.856 98%
Falkland Islands 2 0.03 1 1 2,840 1,420 2,610 0.149 100%
Faroe Islands 2 0.03 2 0 48,000 48,000 48,000 ? 50%
Fiji 21 0.30 10 11 840,840 64,680 6,950 0.631 62%
Finland 37 0.52 13 24 5,714,580 154,448 10,000 0.170 100%
France 41 0.58 22 19 69,749,400 1,835,511 126,000 0.254 93%
French Guiana 16 0.23 13 3 178,780 14,898 2,400 0.663 75%
French Polynesia 10 0.14 9 1 257,960 25,796 3,000 0.463 100%
Gabon 43 0.61 43 0 1,074,960 25,594 4,000 0.846 98%
Gambia 24 0.34 11 13 1,314,820 69,201 43,650 0.776 79%
Georgia 28 0.39 20 8 4,882,620 187,793 17,300 0.550 93%
Germany 97 1.37 25 72 88,260,900 1,117,227 80,000 0.351 81%
Ghana 87 1.23 81 6 27,661,206 359,236 36,000 0.858 89%
Gibraltar 3 0.04 2 1 46,700 15,567 21,950 0.521 100%
Greece 33 0.46 18 15 11,695,180 389,839 10,000 0.162 91%
Greenland 3 0.04 3 0 56,200 28,100 28,100 0.196 67%
Grenada 4 0.06 4 0 109,650 36,550 5,350 0.132 75%
Guadeloupe 4 0.06 3 1 449,300 149,767 218,650 0.083 75%
Guam 9 0.13 2 7 181,400 22,675 46,750 0.752 89%
Guatemala 27 0.38 27 0 9,918,590 367,355 28,000 0.524 100%
Guernsey 4 0.06 3 1 62,720 31,360 31,360 0.007 50%
Guinea 38 0.54 36 2 9,591,030 299,720 24,000 0.760 84%
Guinea-Bissau 28 0.39 23 5 1,695,860 73,733 8,520 0.865 82%
Guyana 18 0.25 16 2 1,319,043 109,920 1,500 0.514 67%
Haiti 4 0.06 4 0 6,960,600 2,320,200 600 0.000 75%
Honduras 12 0.17 10 2 8,142,840 740,258 990 0.039 92%
Hungary 21 0.30 17 4 9,947,110 585,124 3,710 0.033 81%
Iceland 2 0.03 2 0 300,300 150,150 150,150 0.002 100%
India 455 6.41 448 7 1,076,142,861 2,496,851 34,400 0.913 95%
Indonesia 710 10.00 707 3 221,500,810 314,186 3,500 0.816 99%
Iran 80 1.13 78 2 84,441,620 1,407,360 62,000 0.633 75%
Iraq 27 0.38 23 4 33,737,620 1,466,853 110,000 0.761 85%
Ireland 13 0.18 5 8 4,672,940 424,813 27,000 0.124 85%
Isle of Man 2 0.03 2 0 88,000 44,000 44,000 0.000 100%
Israel 51 0.72 34 17 9,650,461 219,329 47,500 0.753 86%
Italy 44 0.62 34 10 80,691,310 2,017,283 100,000 0.453 91%
Jamaica 8 0.11 4 4 2,692,540 448,757 7,500 0.017 75%
Japan 19 0.27 15 4 129,414,863 8,627,658 5,050 0.037 79%
Jersey 4 0.06 3 1 99,230 33,077 47,350 0.119 75%
Jordan 14 0.20 11 3 7,572,800 841,422 94,500 0.498 64%
Kazakhstan 48 0.68 14 34 15,308,820 356,019 90,000 0.514 90%
Kenya 72 1.01 67 5 37,116,968 537,927 178,000 0.927 96%
Kiribati 3 0.04 2 1 106,000 35,333 52,750 0.055 100%
Kuwait 7 0.10 3 4 2,285,500 457,100 834,750 0.451 71%
Kyrgyzstan 33 0.46 6 27 5,825,990 215,777 290,650 0.459 82%
Laos 89 1.25 83 6 6,443,580 76,709 9,275 0.699 94%
Latvia 16 0.23 7 9 2,305,130 164,652 8,000 0.534 88%
Lebanon 10 0.14 7 3 6,126,870 765,859 287,000 0.198 80%
Lesotho 5 0.07 5 0 2,214,000 553,500 47,000 0.091 80%
Liberia 34 0.48 31 3 4,290,730 134,085 85,600 0.917 94%
Libya 29 0.41 9 20 6,230,670 230,766 17,000 0.538 93%
Liechtenstein 5 0.07 4 1 35,910 11,970 17,750 0.092 60%
Lithuania 15 0.21 10 5 3,572,665 297,722 8,000 0.416 80%
Luxembourg 16 0.23 4 12 497,780 31,111 66,100 0.591 100%
Macedonia 13 0.18 10 3 2,080,670 208,067 24,900 0.495 77%
Madagascar 20 0.28 14 6 18,368,000 1,020,444 1,130,000 0.791 90%
Malawi 24 0.34 17 7 13,016,000 813,500 200,000 0.691 67%
Malaysia 145 2.04 134 11 22,234,075 207,795 3,215 0.739 74%
Maldives 2 0.03 2 0 331,000 331,000 331,000 ? 50%
Mali 71 1.00 68 3 12,881,840 192,266 25,000 0.873 94%
Malta 8 0.11 4 4 468,440 58,555 9,515 0.254 100%
Marshall Islands 2 0.03 2 0 65,700 32,850 32,850 0.457 100%
Martinique 4 0.06 3 1 427,330 142,443 213,500 0.043 75%
Mauritania 8 0.11 7 1 3,858,400 551,200 111,150 0.235 88%
Mauritius 14 0.20 7 7 1,234,660 94,974 28,550 0.216 93%
Mayotte 5 0.07 3 2 211,700 52,925 47,900 0.432 80%
Mexico 292 4.11 287 5 119,535,201 415,053 4,730 0.106 99%
Micronesia 19 0.27 18 1 111,010 6,167 1,410 0.732 95%
Moldova 14 0.20 10 4 2,718,530 339,816 107,000 0.344 57%
Monaco 5 0.07 5 0 33,850 6,770 7,110 0.768 100%
Mongolia 14 0.20 12 2 2,882,600 360,325 41,250 0.183 57%
Montenegro 11 0.15 6 5 575,330 63,926 34,700 0.619 82%
Montserrat 2 0.03 2 0 3,920 1,960 1,960 0.050 100%
Morocco 15 0.21 14 1 39,290,920 3,571,902 80,000 0.603 73%
Mozambique 46 0.65 43 3 23,790,700 528,682 197,500 0.922 98%
Myanmar 118 1.66 118 0 45,957,145 396,182 15,000 0.507 98%
Namibia 32 0.45 27 5 2,665,070 85,970 13,800 0.789 97%
Nauru 9 0.13 3 6 13,500 2,250 5,100 0.499 67%
Nepal 125 1.76 121 4 26,592,891 219,776 7,640 0.754 97%
Netherlands 50 0.70 15 35 20,888,900 549,708 220,000 0.408 76%
New Caledonia 40 0.56 38 2 143,010 3,972 950 0.750 90%
New Zealand 28 0.39 4 24 4,543,920 174,766 148,000 0.291 93%
Nicaragua 11 0.15 11 0 5,884,490 534,954 740 0.048 100%
Niger 23 0.32 23 0 15,810,500 718,659 28,450 0.545 96%
Nigeria 526 7.41 519 7 163,280,854 349,638 14,000 0.866 89%
Niue 3 0.04 2 1 1,550 775 775 0.244 67%
Norfolk Island 2 0.03 2 0 2,110 1,055 1,055 0.325 100%
North Korea 1 0.01 1 0 23,300,000 23,300,000 23,300,000 0.000 100%
Northern Mariana Islands 7 0.10 4 3 42,180 6,026 4,620 0.719 100%
Norway 47 0.66 11 36 5,636,380 128,100 1,500 0.187 94%
Oman 24 0.34 17 7 3,655,200 174,057 30,000 0.699 88%
Pakistan 80 1.13 74 6 199,241,790 2,729,340 53,250 0.753 91%
Palau 6 0.08 4 2 20,870 3,478 2,185 0.501 100%
Palestine 10 0.14 7 3 4,258,410 473,157 705 0.298 90%
Panama 19 0.27 15 4 3,605,843 257,560 20,250 0.300 74%
Papua New Guinea 841 11.85 841 0 4,159,704 4,970 1,270 0.988 100%
Paraguay 27 0.38 23 4 6,625,188 254,815 2,530 0.216 96%
Peru 94 1.32 93 1 30,294,197 329,285 4,635 0.336 98%
Philippines 191 2.69 183 8 70,776,635 386,758 19,200 0.849 96%
Pitcairn 2 0.03 2 0 36 36 36 ? 50%
Poland 27 0.38 21 6 37,465,810 1,498,632 12,000 0.051 93%
Portugal 18 0.25 9 9 10,237,920 568,773 15,000 0.065 100%
Puerto Rico 12 0.17 4 8 3,660,200 366,020 159,000 0.089 83%
Qatar 14 0.20 3 11 2,053,200 171,100 413,500 0.827 86%
Romania 29 0.41 23 6 20,470,430 974,782 19,400 0.162 72%
Russian Federation 156 2.20 111 45 138,698,730 918,535 5,380 0.262 97%
Rwanda 5 0.07 3 2 11,124,180 2,224,836 5,440 0.090 100%
Réunion 8 0.11 3 5 656,200 93,743 313,000 0.450 88%
Saint Barthélemy 3 0.04 3 0 7,850 2,617 1,000 0.244 100%
Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha 1 0.01 1 0 5,900 5,900 5,900 0.000 100%
Saint Kitts and Nevis 3 0.04 3 0 52,040 17,347 1,000 0.039 100%
Saint Lucia 4 0.06 3 1 159,600 79,800 79,800 0.020 50%
Saint Martin 5 0.07 3 2 28,500 5,700 5,000 0.689 100%
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 1 0.01 1 0 6,000 6,000 6,000 0.000 100%
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 3 0.04 3 0 138,500 46,167 400 0.007 100%
Samoa 3 0.04 2 1 187,000 62,333 93,400 0.174 100%
San Marino 2 0.03 2 0 25,000 12,500 12,500 0.000 100%
Saudi Arabia 24 0.34 7 17 18,746,220 892,677 500,000 0.428 88%
Senegal 46 0.65 38 8 13,972,980 310,511 20,000 0.778 98%
Serbia 24 0.34 16 8 7,210,600 343,362 31,000 0.225 88%
Seychelles 3 0.04 3 0 85,420 28,473 4,590 0.116 100%
Sierra Leone 26 0.37 24 2 6,977,150 290,715 138,000 0.841 92%
Singapore 31 0.44 24 7 5,850,380 216,681 15,200 0.773 87%
Sint Maarten 9 0.13 4 5 39,960 4,440 6,000 0.816 100%
Slovakia 15 0.21 11 4 5,526,240 460,520 25,100 0.246 80%
Slovenia 15 0.21 7 8 2,104,660 191,333 6,265 0.166 73%
Solomon Islands 73 1.03 73 0 379,969 5,277 2,735 0.968 99%
Somalia 14 0.20 13 1 9,938,659 828,222 20,000 0.350 86%
South Africa 42 0.59 30 12 51,004,892 1,416,803 133,500 0.871 86%
South Korea 5 0.07 3 2 48,586,000 16,195,333 24,202,500 0.008 60%
South Sudan 69 0.97 69 0 4,484,650 80,083 26,000 0.930 81%
Spain 34 0.48 16 18 52,415,410 1,690,820 45,000 0.329 91%
Sri Lanka 12 0.17 7 5 19,550,320 1,955,032 46,000 0.383 83%
Sudan 76 1.07 75 1 35,091,200 516,047 13,000 0.294 89%
Suriname 27 0.38 21 6 562,014 22,481 1,250 0.708 93%
Swaziland 7 0.10 5 2 1,261,640 180,234 20,000 0.246 100%
Sweden 36 0.51 15 21 10,369,090 304,973 4,000 0.220 94%
Switzerland 31 0.44 12 19 8,974,200 345,162 30,500 0.697 84%
Syria 24 0.34 18 6 18,786,600 894,600 83,000 0.376 88%
São Tomé e Príncipe 7 0.10 4 3 189,500 27,071 40,600 0.708 100%
Tajikistan 33 0.46 13 20 7,580,210 303,208 27,500 0.276 76%
Tanzania 126 1.78 125 1 51,005,450 421,533 98,850 0.880 96%
Thailand 84 1.18 71 13 52,478,871 728,873 12,600 0.748 86%
Togo 46 0.65 44 2 4,889,380 113,707 34,300 0.905 93%
Tokelau 5 0.07 2 3 2,421 484 870 0.679 100%
Tonga 4 0.06 3 1 105,800 26,450 1,270 0.034 100%
Trinidad and Tobago 9 0.13 7 2 2,628,000 328,500 15,600 0.597 89%
Tunisia 14 0.20 6 8 11,519,000 886,077 21,200 0.120 93%
Turkey 53 0.75 39 14 89,987,404 2,307,369 66,000 0.317 74%
Turkmenistan 31 0.44 6 25 5,300,460 176,682 256,900 0.457 97%
Turks and Caicos Islands 4 0.06 2 2 29,750 9,917 14,365 0.160 75%
Tuvalu 3 0.04 3 0 10,100 5,050 5,050 0.020 67%
U.S. Virgin Islands 6 0.08 3 3 85,850 21,462 9,540 0.471 67%
Uganda 45 0.63 43 2 33,875,850 769,906 303,000 0.930 98%
Ukraine 48 0.68 22 26 40,628,306 883,224 45,200 0.497 96%
United Arab Emirates 27 0.38 10 17 8,800,100 352,004 354,000 0.819 93%
United Kingdom 85 1.20 13 72 61,542,750 799,256 16,700 0.154 91%
United States 334 4.71 219 115 326,352,226 1,001,080 15 0.343 98%
Uruguay 14 0.20 5 9 3,469,050 385,450 25,500 0.111 64%
Uzbekistan 37 0.52 11 26 30,929,000 937,242 250,000 0.464 89%
Vanuatu 117 1.65 111 6 196,318 1,707 650 0.972 98%
Vatican State 2 0.03 2 0 330 165 165 0.000 100%
Venezuela 48 0.68 42 6 29,787,128 744,678 770 0.045 83%
Viet Nam 111 1.56 109 2 78,573,880 770,332 13,500 0.297 92%
Wallis and Futuna 3 0.04 3 0 12,960 4,320 3,900 0.548 100%
Western Sahara 4 0.06 3 1 584,000 292,000 292,000 0.493 50%
Yemen 17 0.24 11 6 26,810,300 1,915,021 62,900 0.669 82%
Zambia 55 0.77 46 9 11,364,870 236,768 32,850 0.828 87%
Zimbabwe 24 0.34 22 2 11,926,440 596,322 145,000 0.613 83%

Table 8. Linguistic diversity of countries in the world (highest to lowest)

CountryDiversityLiving languagesNumber of speakers
IndexCoverageTotalPercentEstablishedImmigrantCountMeanMedian
Papua New Guinea 0.988 100% 841 11.85 841 0 4,159,704 4,970 1,270
Cameroon 0.975 97% 278 3.92 277 1 10,201,030 37,782 10,000
Vanuatu 0.972 98% 117 1.65 111 6 196,318 1,707 650
Solomon Islands 0.968 99% 73 1.03 73 0 379,969 5,277 2,735
Central African Republic 0.953 93% 83 1.17 72 11 3,638,143 47,249 17,350
Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.948 94% 213 3.00 211 2 39,893,030 199,465 26,000
Chad 0.931 91% 132 1.86 131 1 8,865,559 73,880 13,150
South Sudan 0.930 81% 69 0.97 69 0 4,484,650 80,083 26,000
Uganda 0.930 98% 45 0.63 43 2 33,875,850 769,906 303,000
Kenya 0.927 96% 72 1.01 67 5 37,116,968 537,927 178,000
Benin 0.924 96% 56 0.79 55 1 9,605,590 177,881 64,000
Mozambique 0.922 98% 46 0.65 43 3 23,790,700 528,682 197,500
Liberia 0.917 94% 34 0.48 31 3 4,290,730 134,085 85,600
India 0.913 95% 455 6.41 448 7 1,076,142,861 2,496,851 34,400
Togo 0.905 93% 46 0.65 44 2 4,889,380 113,707 34,300
Côte d’Ivoire 0.902 85% 100 1.41 85 15 14,210,410 167,181 25,800
Tanzania 0.880 96% 126 1.78 125 1 51,005,450 421,533 98,850
Mali 0.873 94% 71 1.00 68 3 12,881,840 192,266 25,000
South Africa 0.871 86% 42 0.59 30 12 51,004,892 1,416,803 133,500
Nigeria 0.866 89% 526 7.41 519 7 163,280,854 349,638 14,000
Guinea-Bissau 0.865 82% 28 0.39 23 5 1,695,860 73,733 8,520
Ghana 0.858 89% 87 1.23 81 6 27,661,206 359,236 36,000
Ethiopia 0.856 98% 90 1.27 88 2 66,766,720 758,713 51,850
Philippines 0.849 96% 191 2.69 183 8 70,776,635 386,758 19,200
Gabon 0.846 98% 43 0.61 43 0 1,074,960 25,594 4,000
Sierra Leone 0.841 92% 26 0.37 24 2 6,977,150 290,715 138,000
Zambia 0.828 87% 55 0.77 46 9 11,364,870 236,768 32,850
Bhutan 0.827 81% 31 0.44 23 8 639,500 25,580 8,000
Qatar 0.827 86% 14 0.20 3 11 2,053,200 171,100 413,500
Congo 0.821 95% 64 0.90 62 2 3,690,660 60,503 14,400
East Timor 0.819 100% 21 0.30 20 1 1,040,816 49,563 16,700
United Arab Emirates 0.819 93% 27 0.38 10 17 8,800,100 352,004 354,000
Indonesia 0.816 99% 710 10.00 707 3 221,500,810 314,186 3,500
Sint Maarten 0.816 100% 9 0.13 4 5 39,960 4,440 6,000
Afghanistan 0.793 98% 42 0.59 41 1 23,126,300 564,056 16,000
Madagascar 0.791 90% 20 0.28 14 6 18,368,000 1,020,444 1,130,000
Namibia 0.789 97% 32 0.45 27 5 2,665,070 85,970 13,800
Senegal 0.778 98% 46 0.65 38 8 13,972,980 310,511 20,000
Gambia 0.776 79% 24 0.34 11 13 1,314,820 69,201 43,650
Singapore 0.773 87% 31 0.44 24 7 5,850,380 216,681 15,200
Monaco 0.768 100% 5 0.07 5 0 33,850 6,770 7,110
Iraq 0.761 85% 27 0.38 23 4 33,737,620 1,466,853 110,000
Guinea 0.760 84% 38 0.54 36 2 9,591,030 299,720 24,000
Nepal 0.754 97% 125 1.76 121 4 26,592,891 219,776 7,640
Israel 0.753 86% 51 0.72 34 17 9,650,461 219,329 47,500
Pakistan 0.753 91% 80 1.13 74 6 199,241,790 2,729,340 53,250
Guam 0.752 89% 9 0.13 2 7 181,400 22,675 46,750
New Caledonia 0.750 90% 40 0.56 38 2 143,010 3,972 950
Thailand 0.748 86% 84 1.18 71 13 52,478,871 728,873 12,600
Malaysia 0.739 74% 145 2.04 134 11 22,234,075 207,795 3,215
Micronesia 0.732 95% 19 0.27 18 1 111,010 6,167 1,410
Belize 0.723 100% 12 0.17 8 4 532,160 44,347 14,100
Burkina Faso 0.721 96% 71 1.00 71 0 12,472,930 183,425 20,500
Northern Mariana Islands 0.719 100% 7 0.10 4 3 42,180 6,026 4,620
Angola 0.715 98% 45 0.63 45 0 26,205,770 595,586 34,700
Suriname 0.708 93% 27 0.38 21 6 562,014 22,481 1,250
São Tomé e Príncipe 0.708 100% 7 0.10 4 3 189,500 27,071 40,600
Caribbean Netherlands 0.707 83% 6 0.08 5 1 18,540 3,708 3,390
Laos 0.699 94% 89 1.25 83 6 6,443,580 76,709 9,275
Oman 0.699 88% 24 0.34 17 7 3,655,200 174,057 30,000
Switzerland 0.697 84% 31 0.44 12 19 8,974,200 345,162 30,500
Malawi 0.691 67% 24 0.34 17 7 13,016,000 813,500 200,000
Belgium 0.690 75% 36 0.51 11 25 13,689,000 507,000 400,000
Saint Martin 0.689 100% 5 0.07 3 2 28,500 5,700 5,000
Tokelau 0.679 100% 5 0.07 2 3 2,421 484 870
Yemen 0.669 82% 17 0.24 11 6 26,810,300 1,915,021 62,900
Andorra 0.664 80% 5 0.07 4 1 73,500 18,375 19,650
French Guiana 0.663 75% 16 0.23 13 3 178,780 14,898 2,400
Eritrea 0.650 65% 17 0.24 15 2 5,788,600 526,236 194,000
Bahrain 0.637 93% 14 0.20 6 8 1,263,500 97,192 144,000
Iran 0.633 75% 80 1.13 78 2 84,441,620 1,407,360 62,000
Fiji 0.631 62% 21 0.30 10 11 840,840 64,680 6,950
Montenegro 0.619 82% 11 0.15 6 5 575,330 63,926 34,700
Canada 0.614 97% 194 2.73 96 98 33,358,315 176,499 260
Zimbabwe 0.613 83% 24 0.34 22 2 11,926,440 596,322 145,000
Morocco 0.603 73% 15 0.21 14 1 39,290,920 3,571,902 80,000
Trinidad and Tobago 0.597 89% 9 0.13 7 2 2,628,000 328,500 15,600
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.595 91% 11 0.15 4 7 3,757,800 375,780 862,000
Djibouti 0.595 80% 10 0.14 5 5 830,400 103,800 125,300
Luxembourg 0.591 100% 16 0.23 4 12 497,780 31,111 66,100
Brunei 0.570 94% 17 0.24 15 2 459,685 28,730 8,150
Bolivia 0.563 96% 45 0.63 43 2 7,349,372 170,916 350
Comoros 0.551 83% 6 0.08 6 0 764,500 152,900 40,000
Georgia 0.550 93% 28 0.39 20 8 4,882,620 187,793 17,300
Wallis and Futuna 0.548 100% 3 0.04 3 0 12,960 4,320 3,900
Niger 0.545 96% 23 0.32 23 0 15,810,500 718,659 28,450
Libya 0.538 93% 29 0.41 9 20 6,230,670 230,766 17,000
Latvia 0.534 88% 16 0.23 7 9 2,305,130 164,652 8,000
Guatemala 0.524 100% 27 0.38 27 0 9,918,590 367,355 28,000
Gibraltar 0.521 100% 3 0.04 2 1 46,700 15,567 21,950
China 0.520 97% 302 4.26 299 3 1,307,566,948 4,462,686 27,700
Guyana 0.514 67% 18 0.25 16 2 1,319,043 109,920 1,500
Kazakhstan 0.514 90% 48 0.68 14 34 15,308,820 356,019 90,000
Algeria 0.511 91% 22 0.31 18 4 38,548,160 1,927,408 40,000
Bahamas 0.509 80% 5 0.07 3 2 667,280 166,820 330,000
Egypt 0.509 78% 23 0.32 15 8 94,599,800 5,255,544 752,000
Myanmar 0.507 98% 118 1.66 118 0 45,957,145 396,182 15,000
Albania 0.503 83% 12 0.17 8 4 2,801,786 280,179 4,220
Palau 0.501 100% 6 0.08 4 2 20,870 3,478 2,185
Barbados 0.500 100% 3 0.04 3 0 518,290 172,763 256,000
British Virgin Islands 0.500 100% 2 0.03 2 0 39,700 19,850 19,850
Nauru 0.499 67% 9 0.13 3 6 13,500 2,250 5,100
China–Taiwan 0.498 86% 28 0.39 22 6 23,286,205 970,259 4,065
Jordan 0.498 64% 14 0.20 11 3 7,572,800 841,422 94,500
Ukraine 0.497 96% 48 0.68 22 26 40,628,306 883,224 45,200
Antigua and Barbuda 0.495 75% 4 0.06 2 2 153,800 51,267 76,700
Macedonia 0.495 77% 13 0.18 10 3 2,080,670 208,067 24,900
Christmas Island 0.493 100% 2 0.03 2 0 1,000 500 500
Western Sahara 0.493 50% 4 0.06 3 1 584,000 292,000 292,000
Aruba 0.477 67% 6 0.08 4 2 85,990 21,498 7,000
Cayman Islands 0.475 100% 4 0.06 1 3 74,840 18,710 50,000
Estonia 0.471 90% 20 0.28 7 13 1,540,870 85,604 44,250
U.S. Virgin Islands 0.471 67% 6 0.08 3 3 85,850 21,462 9,540
Uzbekistan 0.464 89% 37 0.52 11 26 30,929,000 937,242 250,000
French Polynesia 0.463 100% 10 0.14 9 1 257,960 25,796 3,000
Kyrgyzstan 0.459 82% 33 0.46 6 27 5,825,990 215,777 290,650
Marshall Islands 0.457 100% 2 0.03 2 0 65,700 32,850 32,850
Turkmenistan 0.457 97% 31 0.44 6 25 5,300,460 176,682 256,900
Italy 0.453 91% 44 0.62 34 10 80,691,310 2,017,283 100,000
Kuwait 0.451 71% 7 0.10 3 4 2,285,500 457,100 834,750
Réunion 0.450 88% 8 0.11 3 5 656,200 93,743 313,000
Cyprus 0.442 87% 15 0.21 4 11 1,541,180 118,552 154,880
Mayotte 0.432 80% 5 0.07 3 2 211,700 52,925 47,900
Saudi Arabia 0.428 88% 24 0.34 7 17 18,746,220 892,677 500,000
Lithuania 0.416 80% 15 0.21 10 5 3,572,665 297,722 8,000
Netherlands 0.408 76% 50 0.70 15 35 20,888,900 549,708 220,000
Botswana 0.397 92% 38 0.54 31 7 2,213,660 63,247 5,950
Sri Lanka 0.383 83% 12 0.17 7 5 19,550,320 1,955,032 46,000
Belarus 0.382 100% 11 0.15 4 7 8,946,400 813,309 1,121,000
Syria 0.376 88% 24 0.34 18 6 18,786,600 894,600 83,000
Germany 0.351 81% 97 1.37 25 72 88,260,900 1,117,227 80,000
Somalia 0.350 86% 14 0.20 13 1 9,938,659 828,222 20,000
Moldova 0.344 57% 14 0.20 10 4 2,718,530 339,816 107,000
United States 0.343 98% 334 4.71 219 115 326,352,226 1,001,080 15
Peru 0.336 98% 94 1.32 93 1 30,294,197 329,285 4,635
Spain 0.329 91% 34 0.48 16 18 52,415,410 1,690,820 45,000
Norfolk Island 0.325 100% 2 0.03 2 0 2,110 1,055 1,055
Bangladesh 0.321 96% 45 0.63 41 4 194,218,420 4,516,707 15,500
Turkey 0.317 74% 53 0.75 39 14 89,987,404 2,307,369 66,000
Panama 0.300 74% 19 0.27 15 4 3,605,843 257,560 20,250
Palestine 0.298 90% 10 0.14 7 3 4,258,410 473,157 705
Viet Nam 0.297 92% 111 1.56 109 2 78,573,880 770,332 13,500
Sudan 0.294 89% 76 1.07 75 1 35,091,200 516,047 13,000
Curacao 0.292 83% 6 0.08 5 1 137,670 27,534 8,760
New Zealand 0.291 93% 28 0.39 4 24 4,543,920 174,766 148,000
Equatorial Guinea 0.284 75% 16 0.23 14 2 699,150 58,262 7,000
Cocos (Keeling) Islands 0.278 100% 2 0.03 2 0 600 300 300
Tajikistan 0.276 76% 33 0.46 13 20 7,580,210 303,208 27,500
Australia 0.274 97% 250 3.52 206 44 21,604,570 89,275 20
Russian Federation 0.262 97% 156 2.20 111 45 138,698,730 918,535 5,380
France 0.254 93% 41 0.58 22 19 69,749,400 1,835,511 126,000
Malta 0.254 100% 8 0.11 4 4 468,440 58,555 9,515
China–Macao 0.253 100% 8 0.11 6 2 862,790 107,849 19,620
Slovakia 0.246 80% 15 0.21 11 4 5,526,240 460,520 25,100
Swaziland 0.246 100% 7 0.10 5 2 1,261,640 180,234 20,000
Niue 0.244 67% 3 0.04 2 1 1,550 775 775
Saint Barthélemy 0.244 100% 3 0.04 3 0 7,850 2,617 1,000
Austria 0.235 76% 29 0.41 14 15 9,271,530 421,433 32,750
Mauritania 0.235 88% 8 0.11 7 1 3,858,400 551,200 111,150
Cook Islands 0.232 100% 5 0.07 5 0 15,000 3,000 680
Bulgaria 0.230 88% 25 0.35 12 13 7,833,020 356,046 5,620
Serbia 0.225 88% 24 0.34 16 8 7,210,600 343,362 31,000
Sweden 0.220 94% 36 0.51 15 21 10,369,090 304,973 4,000
Mauritius 0.216 93% 14 0.20 7 7 1,234,660 94,974 28,550
Paraguay 0.216 96% 27 0.38 23 4 6,625,188 254,815 2,530
American Samoa 0.215 86% 7 0.10 2 5 56,090 9,348 25,890
Azerbaijan 0.208 95% 38 0.54 18 20 9,280,890 257,802 11,700
Lebanon 0.198 80% 10 0.14 7 3 6,126,870 765,859 287,000
Greenland 0.196 67% 3 0.04 3 0 56,200 28,100 28,100
Norway 0.187 94% 47 0.66 11 36 5,636,380 128,100 1,500
Mongolia 0.183 57% 14 0.20 12 2 2,882,600 360,325 41,250
China–Hong Kong 0.181 91% 11 0.15 7 4 6,929,750 692,975 118,500
Ecuador 0.179 100% 24 0.34 24 0 16,365,752 681,906 11,000
Samoa 0.174 100% 3 0.04 2 1 187,000 62,333 93,400
Finland 0.170 100% 37 0.52 13 24 5,714,580 154,448 10,000
Slovenia 0.166 73% 15 0.21 7 8 2,104,660 191,333 6,265
Greece 0.162 91% 33 0.46 18 15 11,695,180 389,839 10,000
Romania 0.162 72% 29 0.41 23 6 20,470,430 974,782 19,400
Turks and Caicos Islands 0.160 75% 4 0.06 2 2 29,750 9,917 14,365
Argentina 0.156 87% 39 0.55 24 15 45,446,150 1,336,651 5,120
Cambodia 0.154 97% 29 0.41 27 2 16,326,490 583,089 5,210
United Kingdom 0.154 91% 85 1.20 13 72 61,542,750 799,256 16,700
Falkland Islands 0.149 100% 2 0.03 1 1 2,840 1,420 2,610
Anguilla 0.141 100% 2 0.03 2 0 12,450 6,225 6,225
Grenada 0.132 75% 4 0.06 4 0 109,650 36,550 5,350
Dominica 0.131 60% 5 0.07 3 2 45,800 15,267 3,000
Ireland 0.124 85% 13 0.18 5 8 4,672,940 424,813 27,000
Tunisia 0.120 93% 14 0.20 6 8 11,519,000 886,077 21,200
Jersey 0.119 75% 4 0.06 3 1 99,230 33,077 47,350
Seychelles 0.116 100% 3 0.04 3 0 85,420 28,473 4,590
Uruguay 0.111 64% 14 0.20 5 9 3,469,050 385,450 25,500
Mexico 0.106 99% 292 4.11 287 5 119,535,201 415,053 4,730
Croatia 0.104 89% 27 0.38 15 12 4,333,590 180,566 10,200
Aland Islands 0.100 100% 3 0.04 3 0 27,652 9,217 1,450
Brazil 0.099 96% 228 3.21 218 10 204,417,525 937,695 200
Liechtenstein 0.092 60% 5 0.07 4 1 35,910 11,970 17,750
Lesotho 0.091 80% 5 0.07 5 0 2,214,000 553,500 47,000
Rwanda 0.090 100% 5 0.07 3 2 11,124,180 2,224,836 5,440
Puerto Rico 0.089 83% 12 0.17 4 8 3,660,200 366,020 159,000
Denmark 0.088 83% 23 0.32 5 18 5,717,000 300,895 23,100
Guadeloupe 0.083 75% 4 0.06 3 1 449,300 149,767 218,650
Bermuda 0.076 67% 3 0.04 2 1 65,610 32,805 63,000
Czechia 0.072 100% 26 0.37 10 16 10,794,890 415,188 10,450
Portugal 0.065 100% 18 0.25 9 9 10,237,920 568,773 15,000
Kiribati 0.055 100% 3 0.04 2 1 106,000 35,333 52,750
Armenia 0.053 79% 14 0.20 8 6 3,041,450 276,495 11,135
Poland 0.051 93% 27 0.38 21 6 37,465,810 1,498,632 12,000
Montserrat 0.050 100% 2 0.03 2 0 3,920 1,960 1,960
Nicaragua 0.048 100% 11 0.15 11 0 5,884,490 534,954 740
Venezuela 0.045 83% 48 0.68 42 6 29,787,128 744,678 770
Martinique 0.043 75% 4 0.06 3 1 427,330 142,443 213,500
Dominican Republic 0.040 67% 9 0.13 4 5 9,433,500 1,572,250 159,000
Honduras 0.039 92% 12 0.17 10 2 8,142,840 740,258 990
Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.039 100% 3 0.04 3 0 52,040 17,347 1,000
Japan 0.037 79% 19 0.27 15 4 129,414,863 8,627,658 5,050
Chile 0.035 59% 17 0.24 11 6 17,712,013 1,771,201 10,000
Costa Rica 0.035 83% 12 0.17 11 1 4,773,430 477,343 2,840
Tonga 0.034 100% 4 0.06 3 1 105,800 26,450 1,270
Hungary 0.033 81% 21 0.30 17 4 9,947,110 585,124 3,710
Colombia 0.020 95% 88 1.24 84 4 46,773,568 556,828 1,000
Saint Lucia 0.020 50% 4 0.06 3 1 159,600 79,800 79,800
Tuvalu 0.020 67% 3 0.04 3 0 10,100 5,050 5,050
Jamaica 0.017 75% 8 0.11 4 4 2,692,540 448,757 7,500
South Korea 0.008 60% 5 0.07 3 2 48,586,000 16,195,333 24,202,500
Burundi 0.007 100% 4 0.06 3 1 10,036,100 2,509,025 9,600
Guernsey 0.007 50% 4 0.06 3 1 62,720 31,360 31,360
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.007 100% 3 0.04 3 0 138,500 46,167 400
El Salvador 0.003 60% 5 0.07 5 0 6,318,000 2,106,000 7,500
Iceland 0.002 100% 2 0.03 2 0 300,300 150,150 150,150
Cuba 0.001 60% 5 0.07 3 2 11,303,500 3,767,833 5,650,000
Haiti 0.000 75% 4 0.06 4 0 6,960,600 2,320,200 600
Isle of Man 0.000 100% 2 0.03 2 0 88,000 44,000 44,000
San Marino 0.000 100% 2 0.03 2 0 25,000 12,500 12,500
Vatican State 0.000 100% 2 0.03 2 0 330 165 165
British Indian Ocean Territory 0.000 100% 1 0.01 1 0 4,000 4,000 4,000
North Korea 0.000 100% 1 0.01 1 0 23,300,000 23,300,000 23,300,000
Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha 0.000 100% 1 0.01 1 0 5,900 5,900 5,900
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 0.000 100% 1 0.01 1 0 6,000 6,000 6,000
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