Summary by country

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Table 7 summarizes the distribution of languages and their populations within the countries of the world. The Count column gives the total count of living languages used as a first language in that country, and Percent translates that to a percentage of all living languages in the world. Unlike the preceding tables, this table counts all languages regardless of their area of origin. Therefore, no grand totals are given for these columns since the same language can be counted as being used in multiple countries. The next two columns break the language count into Indigenous languages versus Immigrant languages. The next three columns summarize populations: Total gives the total number of first-language speakers in that country for all languages for which population figures are known, Mean gives the average size of those language groups for which population figures are known, and Median gives the middle size of a language group (that is, half are larger and half are smaller). The last two columns are explained in the next paragraph.

Table 8 repeats the information in table 7 but presents the countries of the world in order of their linguistic diversity, from most diverse to least diverse. The Index column reports Greenberg’s diversity index. This is the probability that any two people of the country selected at random would have different mother tongues (Lieberson 1981). The highest possible value, 1, indicates total diversity (that is, no two people have the same mother tongue) while the lowest possible value, 0, indicates no diversity at all (that is, everyone has the same mother tongue). The computation of the diversity index is based on the population of each language as a proportion of the total population. The Coverage column indicates the completeness of the computation by reporting the percentage of languages in the country for which population estimates are available.

Table 7. Distribution of living languages in the world by country

CountryLiving languagesNumber of speakersDiversity CountPer-
centIndige-
nousImmi-
grantTotalMeanMedianIndexCover-
age Afghanistan   40 0.56 39 1 22,964,800 574,120 8,000 0.790 100% Albania   10 0.14 8 2 3,003,786 300,379 4,440 0.563 100% Algeria   21 0.30 18 3 33,001,300 2,200,087 58,000 0.354 71% American Samoa   6 0.08 2 4 61,100 12,220 1,500 0.137 83% Andorra   4 0.06 4 0 73,500 18,375 27,600 0.664 100% Angola   38 0.53 38 0 16,070,730 434,344 43,900 0.778 97% Anguilla   2 0.03 2 0 12,450 6,225 11,500 0.141 100% Antigua and Barbuda   4 0.06 2 2 135,000 33,750 66,000 0.515 100% Argentina   36 0.51 21 15 43,346,270 1,354,571 15,000 0.168 89% Armenia   11 0.15 7 4 3,361,230 336,123 3,500 0.125 91% Aruba   5 0.07 4 1 74,290 24,763 9,000 0.328 60% Australia   244 3.43 213 31 17,573,909 74,466 47 0.211 97% Austria   18 0.25 11 7 8,364,070 597,434 19,400 0.122 78% Azerbaijan   36 0.51 17 19 8,400,700 254,567 5,210 0.457 92% Bahamas   4 0.06 2 2 295,100 73,775 49,300 0.386 100% Bahrain   12 0.17 4 8 557,600 61,956 25,000 0.663 75% Bangladesh   45 0.63 41 4 142,218,220 3,307,400 16,000 0.386 96% Barbados   3 0.04 2 1 269,290 89,763 13,000 0.094 100% Belarus   11 0.15 2 9 9,463,600 946,360 25,000 0.447 91% Belgium   28 0.39 10 18 12,751,700 607,224 49,000 0.697 75% Belize   13 0.18 8 5 282,190 21,707 6,900 0.758 100% Benin   56 0.79 54 2 7,211,670 133,549 65,000 0.929 96% Bermuda   2 0.03 1 1 65,610 32,805 63,000 0.076 100% Bhutan   34 0.48 24 10 712,100 25,432 8,000 0.851 82% Bolivia   44 0.62 42 2 13,996,655 333,254 550 0.551 95% Bosnia and Herzegovina   8 0.11 4 4 4,007,000 667,833 469,000 0.601 75% Botswana   39 0.55 29 10 1,549,120 41,868 6,000 0.511 95% Brazil   224 3.15 211 13 192,250,368 894,188 200 0.054 96% British Indian Ocean Territory   1 0.01 1 0 3,500 3,500 3,500 0.000 100% British Virgin Islands   2 0.03 2 0 21,700 10,850 19,700 0.167 100% Brunei   16 0.23 14 2 345,195 24,657 10,000 0.590 88% Bulgaria   17 0.24 11 6 7,970,840 569,346 9,000 0.217 82% Burkina Faso   71 1.00 69 2 10,755,830 162,967 21,000 0.762 93% Burundi   4 0.06 3 1 10,009,460 2,502,365 6,360 0.002 100% Cambodia   25 0.35 22 3 13,728,360 572,015 9,030 0.116 96% Cameroon   280 3.94 279 1 9,001,726 33,217 8,500 0.972 97% Canada   172 2.42 88 84 32,882,142 213,520 6,610 0.601 90% Cape Verde Islands   2 0.03 2 0 492,000 492,000 492,000 ? 50% Caribbean Netherlands   5 0.07 5 0 4,500 4,500 4,500 ? 20% Cayman Islands   3 0.04 1 2 43,010 14,337 20,000 0.547 100% Central African Republic   84 1.18 72 12 3,478,823 45,180 14,500 0.959 92% Chad   130 1.83 129 1 6,593,859 55,411 12,300 0.945 92% Chile   16 0.23 10 6 14,137,613 1,285,238 8,200 0.047 69% China   301 4.24 298 3 1,212,660,788 4,124,697 26,800 0.511 98% Colombia   86 1.21 84 2 42,759,220 521,454 1,100 0.021 95% Comoros   6 0.08 6 0 593,600 118,720 27,200 0.545 83% Congo   64 0.90 61 3 3,067,830 50,292 13,600 0.834 95% Cook Islands   5 0.07 5 0 14,750 2,950 450 0.208 100% Costa Rica   13 0.18 10 3 4,087,293 408,729 5,100 0.042 77% Croatia   21 0.30 15 6 4,706,680 235,334 10,500 0.201 95% Cuba   5 0.07 3 2 11,403,500 3,801,167 3,500 0.001 60% Curacao   6 0.08 5 1 138,400 27,680 5,700 0.300 83% Cyprus   6 0.08 4 2 1,281,040 320,260 177,000 0.244 67% Czech Republic   18 0.25 10 8 10,940,700 607,817 12,000 0.096 100% Côte d’Ivoire   96 1.35 79 17 11,300,290 139,510 26,400 0.917 84% Democratic Republic of the Congo   215 3.03 212 3 39,906,030 198,537 25,600 0.948 93% Denmark   19 0.27 6 13 5,658,900 314,383 14,000 0.096 95% Djibouti   10 0.14 5 5 484,900 53,878 10,200 0.571 90% Dominica   3 0.04 3 0 52,800 17,600 10,000 0.313 100% Dominican Republic   8 0.11 4 4 9,493,500 1,582,250 22,000 0.040 75% East Timor   19 0.27 19 0 1,033,506 54,395 18,400 0.817 100% Ecuador   24 0.34 23 1 14,681,255 611,719 14,000 0.188 100% Egypt   27 0.38 12 15 80,444,600 3,351,858 116,000 0.516 89% El Salvador   7 0.10 4 3 6,712,820 1,678,205 12,300 0.004 57% Equatorial Guinea   13 0.18 13 0 699,039 58,253 9,000 0.284 92% Eritrea   18 0.25 14 4 4,542,800 349,446 100,000 0.628 72% Estonia   10 0.14 4 6 1,489,330 165,481 1,000 0.445 90% Ethiopia   90 1.27 87 3 66,404,191 763,267 48,000 0.855 97% Fiji   20 0.28 10 10 810,100 62,315 5,300 0.608 65% Finland   19 0.27 12 7 5,446,660 340,416 5,000 0.121 84% France   59 0.83 22 37 66,601,405 1,752,669 50,000 0.187 64% French Guiana   15 0.21 12 3 79,650 7,241 800 0.549 73% French Polynesia   11 0.15 9 2 259,160 23,560 2,700 0.468 100% Gabon   43 0.61 42 1 1,315,860 32,094 6,000 0.773 95% Gambia   24 0.34 11 13 1,351,890 71,152 11,500 0.772 79% Georgia   28 0.39 19 9 6,185,700 237,912 20,000 0.582 93% Germany   66 0.93 27 39 89,107,250 1,895,899 25,000 0.378 71% Ghana   85 1.20 80 5 25,126,506 330,612 30,000 0.835 89% Gibraltar   3 0.04 2 1 30,900 15,450 28,000 0.170 67% Greece   23 0.32 16 7 11,508,880 605,731 20,000 0.134 83% Greenland   2 0.03 2 0 57,830 28,915 50,000 0.234 100% Grenada   4 0.06 4 0 92,250 30,750 2,300 0.064 75% Guadeloupe   4 0.06 3 1 449,300 149,767 12,000 0.083 75% Guam   8 0.11 2 6 151,000 30,200 24,000 0.655 62% Guatemala   26 0.37 26 0 13,769,012 550,760 41,600 0.538 96% Guinea   37 0.52 35 2 8,227,070 265,389 24,000 0.753 84% Guinea-Bissau   26 0.37 22 4 1,698,740 77,215 15,500 0.867 85% Guyana   16 0.23 13 3 669,090 60,826 930 0.056 69% Haiti   3 0.04 3 0 6,960,600 2,320,200 600 0.000 100% Honduras   13 0.18 10 3 7,163,750 596,979 1,000 0.045 92% Hong Kong   8 0.11 7 1 6,454,600 922,086 68,300 0.126 88% Hungary   17 0.24 15 2 10,298,110 605,771 3,710 0.086 100% Iceland   2 0.03 2 0 230,000 230,000 230,000 ? 50% India   449 6.32 442 7 1,074,901,321 2,493,971 34,300 0.913 96% Indonesia   706 9.94 705 1 220,398,286 313,958 3,500 0.815 99% Iran   80 1.13 76 4 88,785,020 1,432,016 60,000 0.705 78% Iraq   26 0.37 22 4 25,917,820 1,178,083 60,000 0.728 85% Ireland   5 0.07 5 0 4,424,000 1,106,000 138,000 0.067 80% Isle of Man   2 0.03 2 0 85,000 42,500 85,000 0.000 100% Israel   49 0.69 34 15 8,672,175 201,678 40,000 0.665 88% Italy   41 0.58 35 6 80,245,830 2,111,732 70,000 0.470 93% Jamaica   7 0.10 4 3 2,684,500 671,125 7,500 0.011 57% Japan   13 0.18 12 1 123,232,863 9,479,451 5,000 0.036 100% Jordan   16 0.23 10 6 5,084,210 391,093 44,300 0.496 81% Kazakhstan   44 0.62 14 30 15,140,140 420,559 22,900 0.699 82% Kenya   72 1.01 67 5 37,579,608 544,632 176,000 0.928 96% Kiribati   3 0.04 2 1 59,290 19,763 500 0.033 100% Kuwait   7 0.10 3 4 819,400 163,880 85,000 0.556 71% Kyrgyzstan   32 0.45 5 27 5,062,800 187,511 14,000 0.670 84% Laos   92 1.29 86 6 5,693,284 66,201 5,280 0.692 93% Latvia   14 0.20 7 7 2,824,701 217,285 35,000 0.628 93% Lebanon   9 0.13 6 3 4,266,900 533,362 18,000 0.161 89% Lesotho   5 0.07 4 1 2,079,000 519,750 248,000 0.260 80% Liberia   31 0.44 30 1 3,281,680 109,389 61,600 0.899 97% Libya   30 0.42 8 22 5,707,470 211,388 17,000 0.496 90% Liechtenstein   4 0.06 3 1 31,100 10,367 1,300 0.128 75% Lithuania   12 0.17 8 4 3,524,660 352,466 45,000 0.354 83% Luxembourg   6 0.08 3 3 447,600 74,600 65,600 0.589 100% Macao   5 0.07 5 0 401,420 80,284 6,660 0.134 100% Macedonia   11 0.15 10 1 2,004,550 222,728 24,800 0.487 82% Madagascar   21 0.30 18 3 16,957,000 942,056 510,000 0.765 86% Malawi   23 0.32 16 7 13,404,500 788,500 70,000 0.668 74% Malaysia   101 1.42 93 8 24,355,505 261,887 4,100 0.761 92% Maldives   2 0.03 2 0 331,000 331,000 331,000 ? 50% Mali   70 0.99 66 4 12,373,620 184,681 20,000 0.864 96% Malta   4 0.06 3 1 411,630 137,210 16,200 0.087 75% Marshall Islands   1 0.01 1 0 43,900 43,900 43,900 0.000 100% Martinique   4 0.06 3 1 427,330 142,443 9,000 0.043 75% Mauritania   10 0.14 7 3 3,214,200 535,700 180,000 0.250 60% Mauritius   14 0.20 7 7 1,356,840 123,349 31,000 0.586 79% Mayotte   4 0.06 3 1 134,250 44,750 39,000 0.437 75% Mexico   287 4.04 281 6 110,118,241 389,110 4,730 0.108 99% Micronesia   18 0.25 18 0 116,260 6,459 2,500 0.768 100% Moldova   13 0.18 8 5 4,395,860 488,429 138,000 0.590 69% Monaco   3 0.04 3 0 27,000 9,000 5,100 0.521 100% Mongolia   13 0.18 11 2 2,613,100 326,638 35,000 0.187 62% Montenegro   6 0.08 5 1 332,810 83,202 80,000 0.567 67% Montserrat   2 0.03 2 0 7,670 3,835 7,570 0.026 100% Morocco   14 0.20 14 0 26,663,930 2,666,393 195,000 0.472 71% Mozambique   49 0.69 43 6 20,620,300 429,590 173,000 0.936 98% Myanmar   116 1.63 116 0 46,528,905 404,599 15,000 0.519 99% Namibia   38 0.53 30 8 2,147,980 59,666 10,200 0.816 95% Nauru   9 0.13 3 6 10,010 1,668 790 0.596 67% Nepal   122 1.72 117 5 26,686,940 222,391 7,640 0.756 98% Netherlands   38 0.53 15 23 18,825,120 784,380 45,000 0.301 63% New Caledonia   36 0.51 34 2 143,800 3,994 1,090 0.753 100% New Zealand   24 0.34 4 20 4,508,030 196,001 27,000 0.280 96% Nicaragua   11 0.15 11 0 5,595,374 559,537 3,000 0.068 91% Niger   21 0.30 21 0 10,010,900 476,710 30,000 0.640 100% Nigeria   527 7.42 520 7 104,278,705 216,796 13,600 0.891 91% Niue   3 0.04 2 1 2,108 1,054 2,030 0.071 67% Norfolk Island   2 0.03 2 0 2,080 1,040 1,680 0.311 100% North Korea   1 0.01 1 0 23,300,000 23,300,000 23,300,000 0.000 100% Northern Mariana Islands   6 0.08 4 2 26,680 4,447 2,420 0.635 100% Norway   16 0.23 9 7 4,805,660 400,472 5,360 0.067 75% Oman   19 0.27 16 3 1,578,400 98,650 25,000 0.702 84% Pakistan   76 1.07 71 5 152,371,460 2,208,282 56,500 0.795 91% Palau   4 0.06 4 0 15,682 3,920 500 0.108 100% Palestine   8 0.11 6 2 1,812,000 302,000 10,000 0.208 75% Panama   19 0.27 14 5 3,752,843 288,680 6,800 0.266 68% Papua New Guinea   837 11.78 837 0 4,123,678 4,950 1,210 0.988 100% Paraguay   29 0.41 23 6 9,109,218 325,329 3,690 0.587 97% Peru   94 1.32 93 1 31,669,076 344,229 5,500 0.322 98% Philippines   192 2.70 180 12 72,208,122 392,435 20,000 0.843 96% Pitcairn   2 0.03 2 0 36 36 36 ? 50% Poland   19 0.27 14 5 37,864,910 2,366,557 50,000 0.065 84% Portugal   10 0.14 10 0 10,307,500 1,030,750 15,000 0.058 100% Puerto Rico   13 0.18 4 9 4,003,650 500,456 1,450 0.050 62% Qatar   6 0.08 3 3 205,700 41,140 20,000 0.608 83% Romania   22 0.31 22 0 21,863,000 1,150,684 22,000 0.167 86% Russian Federation   137 1.93 105 32 158,381,175 1,181,949 9,580 0.251 98% Rwanda   4 0.06 2 2 6,503,000 2,167,667 10,700 0.004 75% Réunion   8 0.11 3 5 574,400 82,057 3,000 0.066 88% Saint Barthélemy   3 0.04 3 0 7,850 2,617 1,000 0.244 100% Saint Kitts and Nevis   3 0.04 3 0 39,200 19,600 39,000 0.010 67% Saint Lucia   2 0.03 2 0 159,600 79,800 158,000 0.020 100% Saint Martin   3 0.04 3 0 22,000 7,333 5,000 0.525 100% Saint Pierre and Miquelon   3 0.04 2 1 5,500 1,833 200 0.134 100% Saint Vincent and the Grenadines   4 0.06 3 1 138,700 34,675 400 0.010 100% Samoa   2 0.03 2 0 199,200 99,600 199,000 0.002 100% San Marino   2 0.03 2 0 25,000 12,500 25,000 0.000 100% Saudi Arabia   20 0.28 5 15 16,440,720 913,373 86,000 0.626 90% Senegal   47 0.66 38 9 10,795,620 239,903 18,400 0.784 96% Serbia   20 0.28 15 5 9,634,660 535,259 80,000 0.497 90% Seychelles   3 0.04 3 0 76,680 25,560 3,000 0.099 100% Sierra Leone   27 0.38 25 2 5,385,380 215,415 85,000 0.845 93% Singapore   32 0.45 24 8 3,502,170 129,710 5,650 0.756 84% Sint Maarten   5 0.07 4 1 32,400 6,480 6,400 0.750 100% Slovakia   12 0.17 10 2 5,451,080 495,553 10,800 0.231 92% Slovenia   10 0.14 8 2 2,091,260 261,408 4,600 0.160 80% Solomon Islands   71 1.00 71 0 379,923 5,351 2,940 0.968 100% Somalia   14 0.20 13 1 8,710,659 725,888 23,000 0.404 86% South Africa   43 0.61 27 16 52,302,399 1,376,379 20,000 0.877 88% South Korea   3 0.04 2 1 48,581,000 24,290,500 48,400,000 0.007 67% South Sudan   68 0.96 68 0 4,374,650 79,539 25,000 0.927 81% Spain   22 0.31 15 7 45,461,410 2,841,338 40,000 0.277 73% Sri Lanka   6 0.08 6 0 19,326,030 3,865,206 46,000 0.319 83% Sudan   74 1.04 74 0 18,403,652 274,681 10,000 0.331 91% Suriname   22 0.31 19 3 629,485 34,971 1,400 0.788 82% Swaziland   7 0.10 5 2 1,105,900 157,986 13,000 0.209 100% Sweden   23 0.32 13 10 9,611,890 436,904 30,000 0.153 96% Switzerland   22 0.31 12 10 7,366,030 433,296 35,100 0.556 77% Syria   22 0.31 16 6 13,170,000 731,667 70,000 0.527 82% São Tomé e Príncipe   5 0.07 4 1 91,480 18,296 5,000 0.390 100% Taiwan   26 0.37 21 5 22,093,698 960,596 6,000 0.489 88% Tajikistan   32 0.45 13 19 4,825,660 178,728 8,000 0.485 84% Tanzania   126 1.77 125 1 43,004,690 361,384 86,000 0.855 94% Thailand   83 1.17 71 12 51,693,913 749,187 12,600 0.740 83% Togo   46 0.65 42 4 3,994,380 97,424 35,500 0.898 89% Tokelau   2 0.03 2 0 1,450 725 1,410 0.054 100% Tonga   4 0.06 2 2 97,037 24,259 690 0.015 100% Trinidad and Tobago   9 0.13 8 1 2,628,100 328,512 15,600 0.597 89% Tunisia   10 0.14 6 4 9,052,500 1,131,562 9,700 0.012 80% Turkey   45 0.63 35 10 87,612,140 2,367,896 20,000 0.394 82% Turkmenistan   27 0.38 4 23 4,417,220 169,893 5,290 0.385 96% Turks and Caicos Islands   3 0.04 2 1 11,620 5,810 10,700 0.146 67% Tuvalu   2 0.03 2 0 11,570 5,785 10,700 0.139 100% U.S. Virgin Islands   4 0.06 3 1 150,500 50,167 52,300 0.455 75% Uganda   42 0.59 40 2 23,011,270 561,250 296,000 0.924 98% Ukraine   42 0.59 24 18 43,445,216 1,206,812 21,200 0.420 86% United Arab Emirates   35 0.49 7 28 1,773,560 68,214 7,000 0.777 74% United Kingdom   55 0.77 13 42 60,122,900 1,336,064 40,900 0.144 82% United States   420 5.91 215 205 278,895,782 774,711 430 0.334 86% Uruguay   12 0.17 2 10 3,594,050 513,436 28,000 0.078 58% Uzbekistan   39 0.55 9 30 21,977,893 646,409 31,100 0.426 87% Vanuatu   116 1.63 110 6 191,691 1,682 700 0.973 98% Vatican State   2 0.03 2 0 1,000 1,000 1,000 ? 50% Venezuela   49 0.69 43 6 26,579,865 577,823 760 0.043 94% Viet Nam   110 1.55 108 2 76,935,370 769,354 13,800 0.267 91% Wallis and Futuna   3 0.04 3 0 13,340 4,447 3,600 0.407 100% Yemen   14 0.20 10 4 15,700,000 1,570,000 233,000 0.578 71% Zambia   54 0.76 45 9 11,419,170 253,759 31,600 0.829 83% Zimbabwe   23 0.32 20 3 15,712,470 924,263 137,000 0.518 74%

Table 8. Linguistic diversity of countries in the world (highest to lowest)

CountryDiversityLiving languagesNumber of speakers IndexCover-
ageTotalPer-
centIndige-
nousImmi-
grantCountMeanMedian Papua New Guinea   0.988 100% 837 11.78 837 0 4,123,678 4,950 1,210 Vanuatu   0.973 98% 116 1.63 110 6 191,691 1,682 700 Cameroon   0.972 97% 280 3.94 279 1 9,001,726 33,217 8,500 Solomon Islands   0.968 100% 71 1.00 71 0 379,923 5,351 2,940 Central African Republic   0.959 92% 84 1.18 72 12 3,478,823 45,180 14,500 Democratic Republic of the Congo   0.948 93% 215 3.03 212 3 39,906,030 198,537 25,600 Chad   0.945 92% 130 1.83 129 1 6,593,859 55,411 12,300 Mozambique   0.936 98% 49 0.69 43 6 20,620,300 429,590 173,000 Benin   0.929 96% 56 0.79 54 2 7,211,670 133,549 65,000 Kenya   0.928 96% 72 1.01 67 5 37,579,608 544,632 176,000 South Sudan   0.927 81% 68 0.96 68 0 4,374,650 79,539 25,000 Uganda   0.924 98% 42 0.59 40 2 23,011,270 561,250 296,000 Côte d’Ivoire   0.917 84% 96 1.35 79 17 11,300,290 139,510 26,400 India   0.913 96% 449 6.32 442 7 1,074,901,321 2,493,971 34,300 Liberia   0.899 97% 31 0.44 30 1 3,281,680 109,389 61,600 Togo   0.898 89% 46 0.65 42 4 3,994,380 97,424 35,500 Nigeria   0.891 91% 527 7.42 520 7 104,278,705 216,796 13,600 South Africa   0.877 88% 43 0.61 27 16 52,302,399 1,376,379 20,000 Guinea-Bissau   0.867 85% 26 0.37 22 4 1,698,740 77,215 15,500 Mali   0.864 96% 70 0.99 66 4 12,373,620 184,681 20,000 Ethiopia   0.855 97% 90 1.27 87 3 66,404,191 763,267 48,000 Tanzania   0.855 94% 126 1.77 125 1 43,004,690 361,384 86,000 Bhutan   0.851 82% 34 0.48 24 10 712,100 25,432 8,000 Sierra Leone   0.845 93% 27 0.38 25 2 5,385,380 215,415 85,000 Philippines   0.843 96% 192 2.70 180 12 72,208,122 392,435 20,000 Ghana   0.835 89% 85 1.20 80 5 25,126,506 330,612 30,000 Congo   0.834 95% 64 0.90 61 3 3,067,830 50,292 13,600 Zambia   0.829 83% 54 0.76 45 9 11,419,170 253,759 31,600 East Timor   0.817 100% 19 0.27 19 0 1,033,506 54,395 18,400 Namibia   0.816 95% 38 0.53 30 8 2,147,980 59,666 10,200 Indonesia   0.815 99% 706 9.94 705 1 220,398,286 313,958 3,500 Pakistan   0.795 91% 76 1.07 71 5 152,371,460 2,208,282 56,500 Afghanistan   0.790 100% 40 0.56 39 1 22,964,800 574,120 8,000 Suriname   0.788 82% 22 0.31 19 3 629,485 34,971 1,400 Senegal   0.784 96% 47 0.66 38 9 10,795,620 239,903 18,400 Angola   0.778 97% 38 0.53 38 0 16,070,730 434,344 43,900 United Arab Emirates   0.777 74% 35 0.49 7 28 1,773,560 68,214 7,000 Gabon   0.773 95% 43 0.61 42 1 1,315,860 32,094 6,000 Gambia   0.772 79% 24 0.34 11 13 1,351,890 71,152 11,500 Micronesia   0.768 100% 18 0.25 18 0 116,260 6,459 2,500 Madagascar   0.765 86% 21 0.30 18 3 16,957,000 942,056 510,000 Burkina Faso   0.762 93% 71 1.00 69 2 10,755,830 162,967 21,000 Malaysia   0.761 92% 101 1.42 93 8 24,355,505 261,887 4,100 Belize   0.758 100% 13 0.18 8 5 282,190 21,707 6,900 Nepal   0.756 98% 122 1.72 117 5 26,686,940 222,391 7,640 Singapore   0.756 84% 32 0.45 24 8 3,502,170 129,710 5,650 Guinea   0.753 84% 37 0.52 35 2 8,227,070 265,389 24,000 New Caledonia   0.753 100% 36 0.51 34 2 143,800 3,994 1,090 Sint Maarten   0.750 100% 5 0.07 4 1 32,400 6,480 6,400 Thailand   0.740 83% 83 1.17 71 12 51,693,913 749,187 12,600 Iraq   0.728 85% 26 0.37 22 4 25,917,820 1,178,083 60,000 Iran   0.705 78% 80 1.13 76 4 88,785,020 1,432,016 60,000 Oman   0.702 84% 19 0.27 16 3 1,578,400 98,650 25,000 Kazakhstan   0.699 82% 44 0.62 14 30 15,140,140 420,559 22,900 Belgium   0.697 75% 28 0.39 10 18 12,751,700 607,224 49,000 Laos   0.692 93% 92 1.29 86 6 5,693,284 66,201 5,280 Kyrgyzstan   0.670 84% 32 0.45 5 27 5,062,800 187,511 14,000 Malawi   0.668 74% 23 0.32 16 7 13,404,500 788,500 70,000 Israel   0.665 88% 49 0.69 34 15 8,672,175 201,678 40,000 Andorra   0.664 100% 4 0.06 4 0 73,500 18,375 27,600 Bahrain   0.663 75% 12 0.17 4 8 557,600 61,956 25,000 Guam   0.655 62% 8 0.11 2 6 151,000 30,200 24,000 Niger   0.640 100% 21 0.30 21 0 10,010,900 476,710 30,000 Northern Mariana Islands   0.635 100% 6 0.08 4 2 26,680 4,447 2,420 Eritrea   0.628 72% 18 0.25 14 4 4,542,800 349,446 100,000 Latvia   0.628 93% 14 0.20 7 7 2,824,701 217,285 35,000 Saudi Arabia   0.626 90% 20 0.28 5 15 16,440,720 913,373 86,000 Fiji   0.608 65% 20 0.28 10 10 810,100 62,315 5,300 Qatar   0.608 83% 6 0.08 3 3 205,700 41,140 20,000 Bosnia and Herzegovina   0.601 75% 8 0.11 4 4 4,007,000 667,833 469,000 Canada   0.601 90% 172 2.42 88 84 32,882,142 213,520 6,610 Trinidad and Tobago   0.597 89% 9 0.13 8 1 2,628,100 328,512 15,600 Nauru   0.596 67% 9 0.13 3 6 10,010 1,668 790 Brunei   0.590 88% 16 0.23 14 2 345,195 24,657 10,000 Moldova   0.590 69% 13 0.18 8 5 4,395,860 488,429 138,000 Luxembourg   0.589 100% 6 0.08 3 3 447,600 74,600 65,600 Paraguay   0.587 97% 29 0.41 23 6 9,109,218 325,329 3,690 Mauritius   0.586 79% 14 0.20 7 7 1,356,840 123,349 31,000 Georgia   0.582 93% 28 0.39 19 9 6,185,700 237,912 20,000 Yemen   0.578 71% 14 0.20 10 4 15,700,000 1,570,000 233,000 Djibouti   0.571 90% 10 0.14 5 5 484,900 53,878 10,200 Montenegro   0.567 67% 6 0.08 5 1 332,810 83,202 80,000 Albania   0.563 100% 10 0.14 8 2 3,003,786 300,379 4,440 Kuwait   0.556 71% 7 0.10 3 4 819,400 163,880 85,000 Switzerland   0.556 77% 22 0.31 12 10 7,366,030 433,296 35,100 Bolivia   0.551 95% 44 0.62 42 2 13,996,655 333,254 550 French Guiana   0.549 73% 15 0.21 12 3 79,650 7,241 800 Cayman Islands   0.547 100% 3 0.04 1 2 43,010 14,337 20,000 Comoros   0.545 83% 6 0.08 6 0 593,600 118,720 27,200 Guatemala   0.538 96% 26 0.37 26 0 13,769,012 550,760 41,600 Syria   0.527 82% 22 0.31 16 6 13,170,000 731,667 70,000 Saint Martin   0.525 100% 3 0.04 3 0 22,000 7,333 5,000 Monaco   0.521 100% 3 0.04 3 0 27,000 9,000 5,100 Myanmar   0.519 99% 116 1.63 116 0 46,528,905 404,599 15,000 Zimbabwe   0.518 74% 23 0.32 20 3 15,712,470 924,263 137,000 Egypt   0.516 89% 27 0.38 12 15 80,444,600 3,351,858 116,000 Antigua and Barbuda   0.515 100% 4 0.06 2 2 135,000 33,750 66,000 Botswana   0.511 95% 39 0.55 29 10 1,549,120 41,868 6,000 China   0.511 98% 301 4.24 298 3 1,212,660,788 4,124,697 26,800 Serbia   0.497 90% 20 0.28 15 5 9,634,660 535,259 80,000 Jordan   0.496 81% 16 0.23 10 6 5,084,210 391,093 44,300 Libya   0.496 90% 30 0.42 8 22 5,707,470 211,388 17,000 Taiwan   0.489 88% 26 0.37 21 5 22,093,698 960,596 6,000 Macedonia   0.487 82% 11 0.15 10 1 2,004,550 222,728 24,800 Tajikistan   0.485 84% 32 0.45 13 19 4,825,660 178,728 8,000 Morocco   0.472 71% 14 0.20 14 0 26,663,930 2,666,393 195,000 Italy   0.470 93% 41 0.58 35 6 80,245,830 2,111,732 70,000 French Polynesia   0.468 100% 11 0.15 9 2 259,160 23,560 2,700 Azerbaijan   0.457 92% 36 0.51 17 19 8,400,700 254,567 5,210 U.S. Virgin Islands   0.455 75% 4 0.06 3 1 150,500 50,167 52,300 Belarus   0.447 91% 11 0.15 2 9 9,463,600 946,360 25,000 Estonia   0.445 90% 10 0.14 4 6 1,489,330 165,481 1,000 Mayotte   0.437 75% 4 0.06 3 1 134,250 44,750 39,000 Uzbekistan   0.426 87% 39 0.55 9 30 21,977,893 646,409 31,100 Ukraine   0.420 86% 42 0.59 24 18 43,445,216 1,206,812 21,200 Wallis and Futuna   0.407 100% 3 0.04 3 0 13,340 4,447 3,600 Somalia   0.404 86% 14 0.20 13 1 8,710,659 725,888 23,000 Turkey   0.394 82% 45 0.63 35 10 87,612,140 2,367,896 20,000 São Tomé e Príncipe   0.390 100% 5 0.07 4 1 91,480 18,296 5,000 Bahamas   0.386 100% 4 0.06 2 2 295,100 73,775 49,300 Bangladesh   0.386 96% 45 0.63 41 4 142,218,220 3,307,400 16,000 Turkmenistan   0.385 96% 27 0.38 4 23 4,417,220 169,893 5,290 Germany   0.378 71% 66 0.93 27 39 89,107,250 1,895,899 25,000 Algeria   0.354 71% 21 0.30 18 3 33,001,300 2,200,087 58,000 Lithuania   0.354 83% 12 0.17 8 4 3,524,660 352,466 45,000 United States   0.334 86% 420 5.91 215 205 278,895,782 774,711 430 Sudan   0.331 91% 74 1.04 74 0 18,403,652 274,681 10,000 Aruba   0.328 60% 5 0.07 4 1 74,290 24,763 9,000 Peru   0.322 98% 94 1.32 93 1 31,669,076 344,229 5,500 Sri Lanka   0.319 83% 6 0.08 6 0 19,326,030 3,865,206 46,000 Dominica   0.313 100% 3 0.04 3 0 52,800 17,600 10,000 Norfolk Island   0.311 100% 2 0.03 2 0 2,080 1,040 1,680 Netherlands   0.301 63% 38 0.53 15 23 18,825,120 784,380 45,000 Curacao   0.300 83% 6 0.08 5 1 138,400 27,680 5,700 Equatorial Guinea   0.284 92% 13 0.18 13 0 699,039 58,253 9,000 New Zealand   0.280 96% 24 0.34 4 20 4,508,030 196,001 27,000 Spain   0.277 73% 22 0.31 15 7 45,461,410 2,841,338 40,000 Viet Nam   0.267 91% 110 1.55 108 2 76,935,370 769,354 13,800 Panama   0.266 68% 19 0.27 14 5 3,752,843 288,680 6,800 Lesotho   0.260 80% 5 0.07 4 1 2,079,000 519,750 248,000 Russian Federation   0.251 98% 137 1.93 105 32 158,381,175 1,181,949 9,580 Mauritania   0.250 60% 10 0.14 7 3 3,214,200 535,700 180,000 Cyprus   0.244 67% 6 0.08 4 2 1,281,040 320,260 177,000 Saint Barthélemy   0.244 100% 3 0.04 3 0 7,850 2,617 1,000 Greenland   0.234 100% 2 0.03 2 0 57,830 28,915 50,000 Slovakia   0.231 92% 12 0.17 10 2 5,451,080 495,553 10,800 Bulgaria   0.217 82% 17 0.24 11 6 7,970,840 569,346 9,000 Australia   0.211 97% 244 3.43 213 31 17,573,909 74,466 47 Swaziland   0.209 100% 7 0.10 5 2 1,105,900 157,986 13,000 Cook Islands   0.208 100% 5 0.07 5 0 14,750 2,950 450 Palestine   0.208 75% 8 0.11 6 2 1,812,000 302,000 10,000 Croatia   0.201 95% 21 0.30 15 6 4,706,680 235,334 10,500 Ecuador   0.188 100% 24 0.34 23 1 14,681,255 611,719 14,000 France   0.187 64% 59 0.83 22 37 66,601,405 1,752,669 50,000 Mongolia   0.187 62% 13 0.18 11 2 2,613,100 326,638 35,000 Gibraltar   0.170 67% 3 0.04 2 1 30,900 15,450 28,000 Argentina   0.168 89% 36 0.51 21 15 43,346,270 1,354,571 15,000 British Virgin Islands   0.167 100% 2 0.03 2 0 21,700 10,850 19,700 Romania   0.167 86% 22 0.31 22 0 21,863,000 1,150,684 22,000 Lebanon   0.161 89% 9 0.13 6 3 4,266,900 533,362 18,000 Slovenia   0.160 80% 10 0.14 8 2 2,091,260 261,408 4,600 Sweden   0.153 96% 23 0.32 13 10 9,611,890 436,904 30,000 Turks and Caicos Islands   0.146 67% 3 0.04 2 1 11,620 5,810 10,700 United Kingdom   0.144 82% 55 0.77 13 42 60,122,900 1,336,064 40,900 Anguilla   0.141 100% 2 0.03 2 0 12,450 6,225 11,500 Tuvalu   0.139 100% 2 0.03 2 0 11,570 5,785 10,700 American Samoa   0.137 83% 6 0.08 2 4 61,100 12,220 1,500 Greece   0.134 83% 23 0.32 16 7 11,508,880 605,731 20,000 Macao   0.134 100% 5 0.07 5 0 401,420 80,284 6,660 Saint Pierre and Miquelon   0.134 100% 3 0.04 2 1 5,500 1,833 200 Liechtenstein   0.128 75% 4 0.06 3 1 31,100 10,367 1,300 Hong Kong   0.126 88% 8 0.11 7 1 6,454,600 922,086 68,300 Armenia   0.125 91% 11 0.15 7 4 3,361,230 336,123 3,500 Austria   0.122 78% 18 0.25 11 7 8,364,070 597,434 19,400 Finland   0.121 84% 19 0.27 12 7 5,446,660 340,416 5,000 Cambodia   0.116 96% 25 0.35 22 3 13,728,360 572,015 9,030 Mexico   0.108 99% 287 4.04 281 6 110,118,241 389,110 4,730 Palau   0.108 100% 4 0.06 4 0 15,682 3,920 500 Seychelles   0.099 100% 3 0.04 3 0 76,680 25,560 3,000 Czech Republic   0.096 100% 18 0.25 10 8 10,940,700 607,817 12,000 Denmark   0.096 95% 19 0.27 6 13 5,658,900 314,383 14,000 Barbados   0.094 100% 3 0.04 2 1 269,290 89,763 13,000 Malta   0.087 75% 4 0.06 3 1 411,630 137,210 16,200 Hungary   0.086 100% 17 0.24 15 2 10,298,110 605,771 3,710 Guadeloupe   0.083 75% 4 0.06 3 1 449,300 149,767 12,000 Uruguay   0.078 58% 12 0.17 2 10 3,594,050 513,436 28,000 Bermuda   0.076 100% 2 0.03 1 1 65,610 32,805 63,000 Niue   0.071 67% 3 0.04 2 1 2,108 1,054 2,030 Nicaragua   0.068 91% 11 0.15 11 0 5,595,374 559,537 3,000 Ireland   0.067 80% 5 0.07 5 0 4,424,000 1,106,000 138,000 Norway   0.067 75% 16 0.23 9 7 4,805,660 400,472 5,360 Réunion   0.066 88% 8 0.11 3 5 574,400 82,057 3,000 Poland   0.065 84% 19 0.27 14 5 37,864,910 2,366,557 50,000 Grenada   0.064 75% 4 0.06 4 0 92,250 30,750 2,300 Portugal   0.058 100% 10 0.14 10 0 10,307,500 1,030,750 15,000 Guyana   0.056 69% 16 0.23 13 3 669,090 60,826 930 Brazil   0.054 96% 224 3.15 211 13 192,250,368 894,188 200 Tokelau   0.054 100% 2 0.03 2 0 1,450 725 1,410 Puerto Rico   0.050 62% 13 0.18 4 9 4,003,650 500,456 1,450 Chile   0.047 69% 16 0.23 10 6 14,137,613 1,285,238 8,200 Honduras   0.045 92% 13 0.18 10 3 7,163,750 596,979 1,000 Martinique   0.043 75% 4 0.06 3 1 427,330 142,443 9,000 Venezuela   0.043 94% 49 0.69 43 6 26,579,865 577,823 760 Costa Rica   0.042 77% 13 0.18 10 3 4,087,293 408,729 5,100 Dominican Republic   0.040 75% 8 0.11 4 4 9,493,500 1,582,250 22,000 Japan   0.036 100% 13 0.18 12 1 123,232,863 9,479,451 5,000 Kiribati   0.033 100% 3 0.04 2 1 59,290 19,763 500 Montserrat   0.026 100% 2 0.03 2 0 7,670 3,835 7,570 Colombia   0.021 95% 86 1.21 84 2 42,759,220 521,454 1,100 Saint Lucia   0.020 100% 2 0.03 2 0 159,600 79,800 158,000 Tonga   0.015 100% 4 0.06 2 2 97,037 24,259 690 Tunisia   0.012 80% 10 0.14 6 4 9,052,500 1,131,562 9,700 Jamaica   0.011 57% 7 0.10 4 3 2,684,500 671,125 7,500 Saint Kitts and Nevis   0.010 67% 3 0.04 3 0 39,200 19,600 39,000 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines   0.010 100% 4 0.06 3 1 138,700 34,675 400 South Korea   0.007 67% 3 0.04 2 1 48,581,000 24,290,500 48,400,000 El Salvador   0.004 57% 7 0.10 4 3 6,712,820 1,678,205 12,300 Rwanda   0.004 75% 4 0.06 2 2 6,503,000 2,167,667 10,700 Burundi   0.002 100% 4 0.06 3 1 10,009,460 2,502,365 6,360 Samoa   0.002 100% 2 0.03 2 0 199,200 99,600 199,000 Cuba   0.001 60% 5 0.07 3 2 11,403,500 3,801,167 3,500 Haiti   0.000 100% 3 0.04 3 0 6,960,600 2,320,200 600 Isle of Man   0.000 100% 2 0.03 2 0 85,000 42,500 85,000 San Marino   0.000 100% 2 0.03 2 0 25,000 12,500 25,000 British Indian Ocean Territory   0.000 100% 1 0.01 1 0 3,500 3,500 3,500 Marshall Islands   0.000 100% 1 0.01 1 0 43,900 43,900 43,900 North Korea   0.000 100% 1 0.01 1 0 23,300,000 23,300,000 23,300,000