Summary by country

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Table 7 summarizes the distribution of languages and their populations within the countries of the world. The Count column gives the total count of living languages used as a first language in that country, and Percent translates that to a percentage of all living languages in the world. Unlike the preceding tables, this table counts all languages regardless of their area of origin. Therefore, no grand totals are given for these columns since the same language can be counted as being used in multiple countries. The next two columns break the language count into Established languages versus Immigrant languages. The next three columns summarize populations: Total gives the total number of first-language speakers in that country for all languages for which population figures are known, Mean gives the average size of those language groups for which population figures are known, and Median gives the middle size of a language group (that is, half are larger and half are smaller). The last two columns are explained in the next paragraph.

Table 8 repeats the information in table 7 but presents the countries of the world in order of their linguistic diversity, from most diverse to least diverse. The Index column reports Greenberg’s diversity index. This is the probability that any two people of the country selected at random would have different mother tongues (Lieberson 1981). The highest possible value, 1, indicates total diversity (that is, no two people have the same mother tongue) while the lowest possible value, 0, indicates no diversity at all (that is, everyone has the same mother tongue). The computation of the diversity index is based on the population of each language as a proportion of the total population. The Coverage column indicates the completeness of the computation by reporting the percentage of languages in the country for which population estimates are available.

Table 7. Distribution of living languages in the world by country

CountryLiving languagesNumber of speakersDiversity
CountPer-
cent
Estab-
lished
Immi-
grant
TotalMeanMedianIndexCover-
age
Afghanistan 42 0.59 41 1 22,964,800 574,120 8,000 0.790 95%
Albania 12 0.17 8 4 2,801,786 280,179 4,220 0.503 83%
Algeria 21 0.30 18 3 33,135,600 1,743,979 40,000 0.360 90%
American Samoa 7 0.10 2 5 55,910 9,318 25,800 0.210 86%
Andorra 5 0.07 4 1 74,270 14,854 19,650 0.671 100%
Angola 38 0.54 38 0 13,841,770 374,102 50,000 0.770 97%
Anguilla 2 0.03 2 0 12,450 6,225 6,225 0.141 100%
Antigua and Barbuda 5 0.07 2 3 135,000 33,750 66,500 0.515 80%
Argentina 37 0.52 23 14 44,146,270 1,379,571 8,675 0.165 86%
Armenia 13 0.18 7 6 3,197,460 290,678 24,250 0.140 85%
Aruba 6 0.08 4 2 81,090 20,272 9,000 0.429 67%
Australia 260 3.66 216 44 19,707,602 79,466 35 0.298 95%
Austria 26 0.37 11 15 8,947,530 426,073 24,900 0.232 81%
Azerbaijan 37 0.52 18 19 9,217,490 263,357 20,000 0.197 95%
Bahamas 5 0.07 2 3 505,800 126,450 242,500 0.536 80%
Bahrain 14 0.20 5 9 724,300 55,715 56,000 0.658 93%
Bangladesh 46 0.65 41 5 138,217,420 3,214,359 15,000 0.395 93%
Barbados 3 0.04 3 0 518,290 172,763 256,000 0.500 100%
Belarus 11 0.15 4 7 9,170,400 833,673 1,230,500 0.411 100%
Belgium 32 0.45 11 21 12,837,100 558,135 200,000 0.701 72%
Belize 12 0.17 8 4 541,160 45,097 14,100 0.721 100%
Benin 56 0.79 55 1 6,635,390 122,878 60,500 0.933 96%
Bermuda 3 0.04 1 2 65,610 32,805 63,000 0.076 67%
Bhutan 32 0.45 23 9 641,900 24,688 8,000 0.828 81%
Bolivia 45 0.63 43 2 7,335,305 174,650 450 0.565 93%
Bosnia and Herzegovina 11 0.15 5 6 2,699,500 269,950 383,000 0.694 91%
Botswana 38 0.54 30 8 1,687,280 48,208 6,480 0.441 92%
Brazil 228 3.21 216 12 197,100,758 916,748 230 0.099 94%
British Indian Ocean Territory 1 0.01 1 0 3,500 3,500 3,500 0.000 100%
British Virgin Islands 2 0.03 2 0 39,700 19,850 19,850 0.500 100%
Brunei 17 0.24 15 2 459,685 28,730 8,150 0.570 94%
Bulgaria 22 0.31 10 12 8,020,520 471,795 16,000 0.227 77%
Burkina Faso 71 1.00 70 1 12,472,930 186,163 21,000 0.721 94%
Burundi 4 0.06 3 1 10,009,460 2,502,365 6,360 0.002 100%
Cambodia 28 0.39 27 1 13,726,130 527,928 6,220 0.116 93%
Cameroon 280 3.95 279 1 10,166,051 37,513 9,750 0.974 97%
Canada 178 2.51 94 84 33,012,744 207,627 370 0.604 89%
Cape Verde Islands 4 0.06 2 2 492,000 492,000 492,000 ? 25%
Caribbean Netherlands 6 0.08 5 1 18,540 3,708 3,390 0.707 83%
Cayman Islands 4 0.06 1 3 74,840 18,710 50,000 0.475 100%
Central African Republic 83 1.17 71 12 3,488,143 45,301 17,350 0.959 93%
Chad 132 1.86 131 1 8,638,559 71,988 13,150 0.933 91%
Chile 17 0.24 11 6 16,128,013 1,612,801 10,500 0.040 59%
China 301 4.24 298 3 1,318,962,948 4,501,580 27,700 0.536 97%
China–Hong Kong 10 0.14 7 3 6,879,100 764,344 86,000 0.211 90%
China–Macao 8 0.11 6 2 520,890 65,111 11,460 0.252 100%
China–Taiwan 28 0.39 22 6 22,093,700 920,571 6,620 0.489 86%
Colombia 86 1.21 82 4 47,059,630 580,983 1,300 0.019 94%
Comoros 6 0.08 6 0 593,600 118,720 27,200 0.545 83%
Congo 65 0.92 62 3 2,759,310 45,235 14,000 0.810 94%
Cook Islands 5 0.07 5 0 15,000 3,000 680 0.232 100%
Costa Rica 12 0.17 11 1 4,523,560 452,356 2,840 0.036 83%
Croatia 25 0.35 15 10 4,433,610 192,766 10,200 0.102 92%
Cuba 5 0.07 3 2 11,203,500 3,734,500 5,600,000 0.001 60%
Curacao 6 0.08 5 1 136,910 27,382 8,550 0.285 83%
Cyprus 15 0.21 4 11 1,232,590 94,815 5,585 0.202 87%
Czech Republic 26 0.37 10 16 10,794,890 415,188 10,450 0.072 100%
Côte d’Ivoire 98 1.38 82 16 12,301,290 150,016 27,350 0.900 84%
Democratic Republic of the Congo 212 2.99 210 2 39,893,030 200,467 26,000 0.948 94%
Denmark 23 0.32 4 19 5,637,000 296,684 16,450 0.089 83%
Djibouti 10 0.14 5 5 58,500 11,700 17,000 0.473 50%
Dominica 5 0.07 3 2 52,800 17,600 10,000 0.313 60%
Dominican Republic 9 0.13 4 5 9,433,500 1,572,250 159,000 0.040 67%
East Timor 20 0.28 20 0 1,040,006 52,000 16,700 0.819 100%
Ecuador 25 0.35 24 1 16,279,895 651,196 11,695 0.182 100%
Egypt 23 0.32 15 8 85,140,200 4,481,063 406,500 0.503 83%
El Salvador 3 0.04 3 0 6,270,500 3,135,250 3,135,250 0.000 67%
Equatorial Guinea 17 0.24 14 3 699,039 58,253 7,500 0.284 71%
Eritrea 20 0.28 15 5 6,465,200 461,800 164,500 0.672 70%
Estonia 20 0.28 7 13 1,530,870 85,048 44,250 0.473 90%
Ethiopia 90 1.27 88 2 68,262,950 784,632 48,000 0.862 97%
Faroe Islands 2 0.03 2 0 48,000 48,000 48,000 ? 50%
Fiji 21 0.30 10 11 810,100 62,315 7,500 0.608 62%
Finland 36 0.51 12 24 5,610,390 155,844 7,585 0.171 100%
France 41 0.58 21 20 68,996,600 1,916,572 88,100 0.242 88%
French Guiana 16 0.23 13 3 79,650 7,241 925 0.549 69%
French Polynesia 10 0.14 9 1 257,960 25,796 3,000 0.463 100%
Gabon 43 0.61 42 1 1,074,960 25,594 4,000 0.846 98%
Gambia 24 0.34 11 13 1,314,820 73,046 56,600 0.776 75%
Georgia 28 0.39 19 9 6,185,700 237,912 30,000 0.582 93%
Germany 69 0.97 24 45 84,400,170 1,795,748 80,000 0.310 68%
Ghana 86 1.21 81 5 27,661,606 359,242 36,000 0.858 90%
Gibraltar 3 0.04 2 1 45,300 15,100 21,200 0.513 100%
Greece 28 0.39 16 12 11,484,080 546,861 10,000 0.130 75%
Greenland 3 0.04 2 1 56,200 28,100 28,100 0.196 67%
Grenada 4 0.06 4 0 92,250 30,750 2,300 0.064 75%
Guadeloupe 4 0.06 3 1 449,300 149,767 218,650 0.083 75%
Guam 9 0.13 2 7 170,400 24,343 44,500 0.740 78%
Guatemala 26 0.37 26 0 14,505,012 580,200 35,000 0.517 96%
Guernsey 4 0.06 3 1 62,720 31,360 31,360 0.007 50%
Guinea 38 0.54 36 2 8,150,600 262,923 23,500 0.748 82%
Guinea-Bissau 27 0.38 22 5 1,604,690 72,940 12,760 0.859 81%
Guyana 19 0.27 15 4 1,319,093 101,469 1,215 0.514 68%
Haiti 4 0.06 4 0 6,960,600 2,320,200 600 0.000 75%
Honduras 12 0.17 10 2 8,142,850 740,259 990 0.039 92%
Hungary 20 0.28 15 5 10,007,110 588,654 3,545 0.033 85%
Iceland 3 0.04 2 1 301,000 100,333 150,150 0.007 100%
India 453 6.38 447 6 1,078,188,491 2,513,260 34,300 0.914 95%
Indonesia 709 9.99 707 2 221,418,016 314,962 3,500 0.816 99%
Iran 80 1.13 76 4 84,633,590 1,410,560 62,000 0.642 75%
Iraq 27 0.38 23 4 33,742,620 1,533,755 110,000 0.761 81%
Ireland 8 0.11 5 3 4,476,600 746,100 21,000 0.089 75%
Isle of Man 2 0.03 2 0 85,000 42,500 42,500 0.000 100%
Israel 53 0.75 35 18 8,757,485 190,380 45,000 0.718 87%
Italy 44 0.62 34 10 80,407,930 1,914,475 100,000 0.472 95%
Jamaica 8 0.11 4 4 2,692,500 538,500 1,338,750 0.017 62%
Japan 18 0.25 15 3 129,302,863 9,235,919 5,050 0.035 78%
Jersey 4 0.06 3 1 64,100 21,367 30,600 0.136 75%
Jordan 14 0.20 10 4 5,227,000 522,700 65,300 0.498 71%
Kazakhstan 47 0.66 14 33 15,308,820 356,019 90,000 0.514 91%
Kenya 72 1.01 67 5 37,110,908 545,749 178,000 0.927 94%
Kiribati 3 0.04 2 1 103,990 34,663 51,745 0.019 100%
Kuwait 7 0.10 3 4 1,749,400 349,880 507,200 0.605 71%
Kyrgyzstan 33 0.46 6 27 5,375,990 199,111 269,150 0.463 82%
Laos 90 1.27 84 6 5,689,394 67,731 5,280 0.691 93%
Latvia 16 0.23 7 9 2,394,930 171,066 8,000 0.531 88%
Lebanon 9 0.13 6 3 4,680,570 585,071 218,000 0.198 89%
Lesotho 5 0.07 5 0 2,079,000 519,750 145,500 0.260 80%
Liberia 34 0.48 31 3 3,172,880 102,351 60,850 0.898 91%
Libya 31 0.44 9 22 4,939,170 182,932 27,500 0.557 87%
Liechtenstein 5 0.07 4 1 35,910 11,970 17,750 0.092 60%
Lithuania 15 0.21 10 5 3,702,375 336,580 8,000 0.404 73%
Luxembourg 8 0.11 3 5 480,200 68,600 82,000 0.638 88%
Macedonia 12 0.17 10 2 2,004,550 222,728 24,800 0.487 75%
Madagascar 20 0.28 14 6 18,266,000 1,014,778 1,130,000 0.789 90%
Malawi 23 0.32 16 7 13,032,000 766,588 174,500 0.692 74%
Malaysia 145 2.04 134 11 22,085,975 210,343 3,400 0.735 72%
Maldives 2 0.03 2 0 331,000 331,000 331,000 ? 50%
Mali 71 1.00 66 5 12,587,390 187,871 24,850 0.867 94%
Malta 7 0.10 3 4 457,170 65,310 16,200 0.255 100%
Marshall Islands 2 0.03 2 0 65,700 32,850 32,850 0.457 100%
Martinique 4 0.06 3 1 427,330 142,443 213,500 0.043 75%
Mauritania 8 0.11 7 1 3,589,900 512,843 97,800 0.228 88%
Mauritius 14 0.20 7 7 1,234,660 94,974 28,550 0.216 93%
Mayotte 5 0.07 3 2 185,000 46,250 41,700 0.438 80%
Mexico 290 4.09 283 7 115,466,508 403,729 4,610 0.109 99%
Micronesia 19 0.27 18 1 115,670 6,426 2,065 0.752 95%
Moldova 14 0.20 10 4 3,363,260 480,466 162,000 0.389 50%
Monaco 4 0.06 4 0 31,700 7,925 5,350 0.652 100%
Mongolia 14 0.20 12 2 2,863,100 357,888 31,000 0.172 57%
Montenegro 9 0.13 4 5 588,140 84,020 34,700 0.244 78%
Montserrat 2 0.03 2 0 3,920 1,960 1,960 0.050 100%
Morocco 14 0.20 14 0 27,713,920 2,519,447 80,000 0.461 79%
Mozambique 47 0.66 43 4 19,224,700 417,928 197,500 0.921 98%
Myanmar 117 1.65 117 0 46,668,905 409,376 15,000 0.522 97%
Namibia 32 0.45 27 5 2,308,910 76,964 12,000 0.818 94%
Nauru 9 0.13 3 6 10,010 1,668 3,355 0.596 67%
Nepal 124 1.75 120 4 26,567,200 223,254 7,640 0.754 96%
Netherlands 44 0.62 15 29 19,194,920 767,797 343,500 0.327 57%
New Caledonia 40 0.56 38 2 143,010 3,972 950 0.750 90%
New Zealand 28 0.39 4 24 4,543,920 174,766 148,000 0.291 93%
Nicaragua 11 0.15 11 0 5,454,490 545,449 1,870 0.052 91%
Niger 21 0.30 21 0 13,400,900 638,138 30,000 0.578 100%
Nigeria 527 7.43 520 7 104,055,005 223,294 14,000 0.891 88%
Niue 3 0.04 2 1 1,490 745 745 0.192 67%
Norfolk Island 2 0.03 2 0 2,110 1,055 1,055 0.325 100%
North Korea 1 0.01 1 0 23,300,000 23,300,000 23,300,000 0.000 100%
Northern Mariana Islands 7 0.10 4 3 42,180 6,026 4,620 0.719 100%
Norway 20 0.28 10 10 4,821,260 344,376 2,000 0.073 70%
Oman 19 0.27 17 2 1,578,400 98,650 25,000 0.702 84%
Pakistan 79 1.11 73 6 195,699,690 2,718,051 56,500 0.755 91%
Palau 6 0.08 4 2 17,772 2,962 1,615 0.474 100%
Palestine 8 0.11 6 2 1,810,000 362,000 5,000 0.206 62%
Panama 19 0.27 15 4 3,432,843 264,065 12,400 0.287 68%
Papua New Guinea 840 11.84 840 0 4,168,328 4,992 1,270 0.988 99%
Paraguay 30 0.42 23 7 6,012,578 207,330 2,060 0.386 97%
Peru 94 1.32 93 1 29,983,352 325,906 4,210 0.339 98%
Philippines 192 2.71 183 9 72,028,852 391,461 20,000 0.842 96%
Pitcairn 2 0.03 2 0 36 36 36 ? 50%
Poland 27 0.38 21 6 38,364,810 1,598,534 12,800 0.049 89%
Portugal 13 0.18 9 4 10,309,040 937,185 15,000 0.059 85%
Puerto Rico 12 0.17 4 8 3,601,200 360,120 100,000 0.060 83%
Qatar 14 0.20 3 11 1,583,200 131,933 320,500 0.825 86%
Romania 29 0.41 23 6 21,897,440 1,042,735 21,200 0.170 72%
Russian Federation 143 2.01 106 37 158,456,590 1,148,236 4,950 0.251 97%
Rwanda 5 0.07 3 2 11,128,600 2,782,150 5,300,300 0.091 80%
Réunion 8 0.11 3 5 651,200 93,029 310,500 0.452 88%
Saint Barthélemy 3 0.04 3 0 7,850 2,617 1,000 0.244 100%
Saint Kitts and Nevis 3 0.04 3 0 39,200 19,600 19,600 0.010 67%
Saint Lucia 4 0.06 2 2 159,600 79,800 79,800 0.020 50%
Saint Martin 5 0.07 3 2 28,500 5,700 5,000 0.689 100%
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 3 0.04 2 1 6,790 2,263 3,295 0.110 100%
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 4 0.06 3 1 138,700 34,675 400 0.010 100%
Samoa 2 0.03 2 0 199,200 99,600 99,600 0.002 100%
San Marino 2 0.03 2 0 25,000 12,500 12,500 0.000 100%
Saudi Arabia 19 0.27 5 14 16,418,720 965,807 6,000,000 0.625 89%
Senegal 47 0.66 38 9 13,974,680 310,548 21,000 0.778 96%
Serbia 22 0.31 15 7 7,208,080 360,404 31,000 0.224 91%
Seychelles 3 0.04 3 0 78,050 26,017 3,000 0.085 100%
Sierra Leone 27 0.38 25 2 6,509,665 271,236 128,000 0.842 89%
Singapore 31 0.44 24 7 3,502,170 129,710 10,000 0.756 87%
Sint Maarten 9 0.13 4 5 39,800 4,422 6,000 0.816 100%
Slovakia 15 0.21 10 5 5,506,240 458,853 15,000 0.247 80%
Slovenia 14 0.20 8 6 2,094,660 190,424 5,505 0.167 79%
Solomon Islands 71 1.00 71 0 378,679 5,334 2,770 0.968 100%
Somalia 14 0.20 13 1 8,309,659 692,472 20,000 0.363 86%
South Africa 42 0.59 30 12 51,004,892 1,500,144 242,500 0.871 81%
South Korea 5 0.07 3 2 48,649,600 12,162,400 24,202,500 0.010 80%
South Sudan 68 0.96 68 0 4,444,650 79,369 26,000 0.929 82%
Spain 24 0.34 15 9 45,419,410 2,523,301 42,500 0.276 75%
Sri Lanka 12 0.17 7 5 19,983,720 1,998,372 46,000 0.446 83%
Sudan 76 1.07 76 0 18,859,000 285,742 10,850 0.362 87%
Suriname 24 0.34 19 5 629,485 34,971 1,300 0.788 75%
Swaziland 7 0.10 5 2 1,105,900 157,986 19,000 0.209 100%
Sweden 35 0.49 13 22 10,053,690 304,657 4,000 0.226 94%
Switzerland 25 0.35 12 13 8,321,830 416,092 30,500 0.650 80%
Syria 22 0.31 16 6 23,711,610 1,185,580 75,500 0.360 91%
São Tomé e Príncipe 6 0.08 4 2 91,480 18,296 3,790 0.390 83%
Tajikistan 33 0.46 13 20 7,579,180 303,167 27,500 0.276 76%
Tanzania 126 1.78 125 1 48,071,640 403,963 86,500 0.871 94%
Thailand 85 1.20 72 13 52,900,077 705,334 8,000 0.752 88%
Togo 46 0.65 44 2 4,889,380 113,707 34,300 0.905 93%
Tokelau 5 0.07 2 3 2,421 484 870 0.679 100%
Tonga 5 0.07 3 2 97,867 19,573 1,020 0.032 100%
Trinidad and Tobago 9 0.13 8 1 2,628,100 328,512 15,600 0.597 89%
Tunisia 10 0.14 6 4 10,897,700 1,210,856 21,200 0.018 90%
Turkey 50 0.70 36 14 82,941,960 2,126,717 66,000 0.347 78%
Turkmenistan 28 0.39 5 23 4,417,220 169,893 28,000 0.385 93%
Turks and Caicos Islands 3 0.04 2 1 11,620 5,810 5,810 0.146 67%
Tuvalu 3 0.04 3 0 10,870 5,435 5,435 0.147 67%
U.S. Virgin Islands 6 0.08 3 3 167,300 41,825 75,150 0.549 67%
Uganda 43 0.61 41 2 23,481,940 559,094 306,500 0.927 98%
Ukraine 42 0.59 25 17 50,192,886 1,320,865 97,450 0.497 90%
United Arab Emirates 34 0.48 7 27 5,651,610 235,484 407,000 0.707 71%
United Kingdom 84 1.18 11 73 61,486,950 819,826 51,050 0.152 89%
United States 430 6.06 219 211 281,892,557 770,198 25 0.346 85%
Uruguay 13 0.18 4 9 3,428,050 428,506 28,000 0.089 62%
Uzbekistan 38 0.54 10 28 30,073,900 884,526 378,000 0.476 89%
Vanuatu 117 1.65 111 6 191,636 1,666 680 0.973 98%
Vatican State 2 0.03 2 0 1,000 1,000 1,000 ? 50%
Venezuela 51 0.72 44 7 29,699,865 631,912 705 0.040 92%
Viet Nam 110 1.55 108 2 76,935,370 769,354 13,650 0.267 91%
Wallis and Futuna 3 0.04 3 0 13,340 4,447 3,600 0.407 100%
Yemen 15 0.21 11 4 15,762,900 1,432,991 59,950 0.581 73%
Zambia 56 0.79 46 10 11,433,470 248,554 35,150 0.830 82%
Zimbabwe 23 0.32 21 2 15,987,040 940,414 197,500 0.534 74%

Table 8. Linguistic diversity of countries in the world (highest to lowest)

CountryDiversityLiving languagesNumber of speakers
IndexCover-
age
TotalPer-
cent
Estab-
lished
Immi-
grant
CountMeanMedian
Papua New Guinea 0.988 99% 840 11.84 840 0 4,168,328 4,992 1,270
Cameroon 0.974 97% 280 3.95 279 1 10,166,051 37,513 9,750
Vanuatu 0.973 98% 117 1.65 111 6 191,636 1,666 680
Solomon Islands 0.968 100% 71 1.00 71 0 378,679 5,334 2,770
Central African Republic 0.959 93% 83 1.17 71 12 3,488,143 45,301 17,350
Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.948 94% 212 2.99 210 2 39,893,030 200,467 26,000
Benin 0.933 96% 56 0.79 55 1 6,635,390 122,878 60,500
Chad 0.933 91% 132 1.86 131 1 8,638,559 71,988 13,150
South Sudan 0.929 82% 68 0.96 68 0 4,444,650 79,369 26,000
Kenya 0.927 94% 72 1.01 67 5 37,110,908 545,749 178,000
Uganda 0.927 98% 43 0.61 41 2 23,481,940 559,094 306,500
Mozambique 0.921 98% 47 0.66 43 4 19,224,700 417,928 197,500
India 0.914 95% 453 6.38 447 6 1,078,188,491 2,513,260 34,300
Togo 0.905 93% 46 0.65 44 2 4,889,380 113,707 34,300
Côte d’Ivoire 0.900 84% 98 1.38 82 16 12,301,290 150,016 27,350
Liberia 0.898 91% 34 0.48 31 3 3,172,880 102,351 60,850
Nigeria 0.891 88% 527 7.43 520 7 104,055,005 223,294 14,000
South Africa 0.871 81% 42 0.59 30 12 51,004,892 1,500,144 242,500
Tanzania 0.871 94% 126 1.78 125 1 48,071,640 403,963 86,500
Mali 0.867 94% 71 1.00 66 5 12,587,390 187,871 24,850
Ethiopia 0.862 97% 90 1.27 88 2 68,262,950 784,632 48,000
Guinea-Bissau 0.859 81% 27 0.38 22 5 1,604,690 72,940 12,760
Ghana 0.858 90% 86 1.21 81 5 27,661,606 359,242 36,000
Gabon 0.846 98% 43 0.61 42 1 1,074,960 25,594 4,000
Philippines 0.842 96% 192 2.71 183 9 72,028,852 391,461 20,000
Sierra Leone 0.842 89% 27 0.38 25 2 6,509,665 271,236 128,000
Zambia 0.830 82% 56 0.79 46 10 11,433,470 248,554 35,150
Bhutan 0.828 81% 32 0.45 23 9 641,900 24,688 8,000
Qatar 0.825 86% 14 0.20 3 11 1,583,200 131,933 320,500
East Timor 0.819 100% 20 0.28 20 0 1,040,006 52,000 16,700
Namibia 0.818 94% 32 0.45 27 5 2,308,910 76,964 12,000
Indonesia 0.816 99% 709 9.99 707 2 221,418,016 314,962 3,500
Sint Maarten 0.816 100% 9 0.13 4 5 39,800 4,422 6,000
Congo 0.810 94% 65 0.92 62 3 2,759,310 45,235 14,000
Afghanistan 0.790 95% 42 0.59 41 1 22,964,800 574,120 8,000
Madagascar 0.789 90% 20 0.28 14 6 18,266,000 1,014,778 1,130,000
Suriname 0.788 75% 24 0.34 19 5 629,485 34,971 1,300
Senegal 0.778 96% 47 0.66 38 9 13,974,680 310,548 21,000
Gambia 0.776 75% 24 0.34 11 13 1,314,820 73,046 56,600
Angola 0.770 97% 38 0.54 38 0 13,841,770 374,102 50,000
Iraq 0.761 81% 27 0.38 23 4 33,742,620 1,533,755 110,000
Singapore 0.756 87% 31 0.44 24 7 3,502,170 129,710 10,000
Pakistan 0.755 91% 79 1.11 73 6 195,699,690 2,718,051 56,500
Nepal 0.754 96% 124 1.75 120 4 26,567,200 223,254 7,640
Micronesia 0.752 95% 19 0.27 18 1 115,670 6,426 2,065
Thailand 0.752 88% 85 1.20 72 13 52,900,077 705,334 8,000
New Caledonia 0.750 90% 40 0.56 38 2 143,010 3,972 950
Guinea 0.748 82% 38 0.54 36 2 8,150,600 262,923 23,500
Guam 0.740 78% 9 0.13 2 7 170,400 24,343 44,500
Malaysia 0.735 72% 145 2.04 134 11 22,085,975 210,343 3,400
Belize 0.721 100% 12 0.17 8 4 541,160 45,097 14,100
Burkina Faso 0.721 94% 71 1.00 70 1 12,472,930 186,163 21,000
Northern Mariana Islands 0.719 100% 7 0.10 4 3 42,180 6,026 4,620
Israel 0.718 87% 53 0.75 35 18 8,757,485 190,380 45,000
Caribbean Netherlands 0.707 83% 6 0.08 5 1 18,540 3,708 3,390
United Arab Emirates 0.707 71% 34 0.48 7 27 5,651,610 235,484 407,000
Oman 0.702 84% 19 0.27 17 2 1,578,400 98,650 25,000
Belgium 0.701 72% 32 0.45 11 21 12,837,100 558,135 200,000
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.694 91% 11 0.15 5 6 2,699,500 269,950 383,000
Malawi 0.692 74% 23 0.32 16 7 13,032,000 766,588 174,500
Laos 0.691 93% 90 1.27 84 6 5,689,394 67,731 5,280
Saint Martin 0.689 100% 5 0.07 3 2 28,500 5,700 5,000
Tokelau 0.679 100% 5 0.07 2 3 2,421 484 870
Eritrea 0.672 70% 20 0.28 15 5 6,465,200 461,800 164,500
Andorra 0.671 100% 5 0.07 4 1 74,270 14,854 19,650
Bahrain 0.658 93% 14 0.20 5 9 724,300 55,715 56,000
Monaco 0.652 100% 4 0.06 4 0 31,700 7,925 5,350
Switzerland 0.650 80% 25 0.35 12 13 8,321,830 416,092 30,500
Iran 0.642 75% 80 1.13 76 4 84,633,590 1,410,560 62,000
Luxembourg 0.638 88% 8 0.11 3 5 480,200 68,600 82,000
Saudi Arabia 0.625 89% 19 0.27 5 14 16,418,720 965,807 6,000,000
Fiji 0.608 62% 21 0.30 10 11 810,100 62,315 7,500
Kuwait 0.605 71% 7 0.10 3 4 1,749,400 349,880 507,200
Canada 0.604 89% 178 2.51 94 84 33,012,744 207,627 370
Trinidad and Tobago 0.597 89% 9 0.13 8 1 2,628,100 328,512 15,600
Nauru 0.596 67% 9 0.13 3 6 10,010 1,668 3,355
Georgia 0.582 93% 28 0.39 19 9 6,185,700 237,912 30,000
Yemen 0.581 73% 15 0.21 11 4 15,762,900 1,432,991 59,950
Niger 0.578 100% 21 0.30 21 0 13,400,900 638,138 30,000
Brunei 0.570 94% 17 0.24 15 2 459,685 28,730 8,150
Bolivia 0.565 93% 45 0.63 43 2 7,335,305 174,650 450
Libya 0.557 87% 31 0.44 9 22 4,939,170 182,932 27,500
French Guiana 0.549 69% 16 0.23 13 3 79,650 7,241 925
U.S. Virgin Islands 0.549 67% 6 0.08 3 3 167,300 41,825 75,150
Comoros 0.545 83% 6 0.08 6 0 593,600 118,720 27,200
Bahamas 0.536 80% 5 0.07 2 3 505,800 126,450 242,500
China 0.536 97% 301 4.24 298 3 1,318,962,948 4,501,580 27,700
Zimbabwe 0.534 74% 23 0.32 21 2 15,987,040 940,414 197,500
Latvia 0.531 88% 16 0.23 7 9 2,394,930 171,066 8,000
Myanmar 0.522 97% 117 1.65 117 0 46,668,905 409,376 15,000
Guatemala 0.517 96% 26 0.37 26 0 14,505,012 580,200 35,000
Antigua and Barbuda 0.515 80% 5 0.07 2 3 135,000 33,750 66,500
Guyana 0.514 68% 19 0.27 15 4 1,319,093 101,469 1,215
Kazakhstan 0.514 91% 47 0.66 14 33 15,308,820 356,019 90,000
Gibraltar 0.513 100% 3 0.04 2 1 45,300 15,100 21,200
Albania 0.503 83% 12 0.17 8 4 2,801,786 280,179 4,220
Egypt 0.503 83% 23 0.32 15 8 85,140,200 4,481,063 406,500
Barbados 0.500 100% 3 0.04 3 0 518,290 172,763 256,000
British Virgin Islands 0.500 100% 2 0.03 2 0 39,700 19,850 19,850
Jordan 0.498 71% 14 0.20 10 4 5,227,000 522,700 65,300
Ukraine 0.497 90% 42 0.59 25 17 50,192,886 1,320,865 97,450
China–Taiwan 0.489 86% 28 0.39 22 6 22,093,700 920,571 6,620
Macedonia 0.487 75% 12 0.17 10 2 2,004,550 222,728 24,800
Uzbekistan 0.476 89% 38 0.54 10 28 30,073,900 884,526 378,000
Cayman Islands 0.475 100% 4 0.06 1 3 74,840 18,710 50,000
Palau 0.474 100% 6 0.08 4 2 17,772 2,962 1,615
Djibouti 0.473 50% 10 0.14 5 5 58,500 11,700 17,000
Estonia 0.473 90% 20 0.28 7 13 1,530,870 85,048 44,250
Italy 0.472 95% 44 0.62 34 10 80,407,930 1,914,475 100,000
French Polynesia 0.463 100% 10 0.14 9 1 257,960 25,796 3,000
Kyrgyzstan 0.463 82% 33 0.46 6 27 5,375,990 199,111 269,150
Morocco 0.461 79% 14 0.20 14 0 27,713,920 2,519,447 80,000
Marshall Islands 0.457 100% 2 0.03 2 0 65,700 32,850 32,850
Réunion 0.452 88% 8 0.11 3 5 651,200 93,029 310,500
Sri Lanka 0.446 83% 12 0.17 7 5 19,983,720 1,998,372 46,000
Botswana 0.441 92% 38 0.54 30 8 1,687,280 48,208 6,480
Mayotte 0.438 80% 5 0.07 3 2 185,000 46,250 41,700
Aruba 0.429 67% 6 0.08 4 2 81,090 20,272 9,000
Belarus 0.411 100% 11 0.15 4 7 9,170,400 833,673 1,230,500
Wallis and Futuna 0.407 100% 3 0.04 3 0 13,340 4,447 3,600
Lithuania 0.404 73% 15 0.21 10 5 3,702,375 336,580 8,000
Bangladesh 0.395 93% 46 0.65 41 5 138,217,420 3,214,359 15,000
São Tomé e Príncipe 0.390 83% 6 0.08 4 2 91,480 18,296 3,790
Moldova 0.389 50% 14 0.20 10 4 3,363,260 480,466 162,000
Paraguay 0.386 97% 30 0.42 23 7 6,012,578 207,330 2,060
Turkmenistan 0.385 93% 28 0.39 5 23 4,417,220 169,893 28,000
Somalia 0.363 86% 14 0.20 13 1 8,309,659 692,472 20,000
Sudan 0.362 87% 76 1.07 76 0 18,859,000 285,742 10,850
Algeria 0.360 90% 21 0.30 18 3 33,135,600 1,743,979 40,000
Syria 0.360 91% 22 0.31 16 6 23,711,610 1,185,580 75,500
Turkey 0.347 78% 50 0.70 36 14 82,941,960 2,126,717 66,000
United States 0.346 85% 430 6.06 219 211 281,892,557 770,198 25
Peru 0.339 98% 94 1.32 93 1 29,983,352 325,906 4,210
Netherlands 0.327 57% 44 0.62 15 29 19,194,920 767,797 343,500
Norfolk Island 0.325 100% 2 0.03 2 0 2,110 1,055 1,055
Dominica 0.313 60% 5 0.07 3 2 52,800 17,600 10,000
Germany 0.310 68% 69 0.97 24 45 84,400,170 1,795,748 80,000
Australia 0.298 95% 260 3.66 216 44 19,707,602 79,466 35
New Zealand 0.291 93% 28 0.39 4 24 4,543,920 174,766 148,000
Panama 0.287 68% 19 0.27 15 4 3,432,843 264,065 12,400
Curacao 0.285 83% 6 0.08 5 1 136,910 27,382 8,550
Equatorial Guinea 0.284 71% 17 0.24 14 3 699,039 58,253 7,500
Spain 0.276 75% 24 0.34 15 9 45,419,410 2,523,301 42,500
Tajikistan 0.276 76% 33 0.46 13 20 7,579,180 303,167 27,500
Viet Nam 0.267 91% 110 1.55 108 2 76,935,370 769,354 13,650
Lesotho 0.260 80% 5 0.07 5 0 2,079,000 519,750 145,500
Malta 0.255 100% 7 0.10 3 4 457,170 65,310 16,200
China–Macao 0.252 100% 8 0.11 6 2 520,890 65,111 11,460
Russian Federation 0.251 97% 143 2.01 106 37 158,456,590 1,148,236 4,950
Slovakia 0.247 80% 15 0.21 10 5 5,506,240 458,853 15,000
Montenegro 0.244 78% 9 0.13 4 5 588,140 84,020 34,700
Saint Barthélemy 0.244 100% 3 0.04 3 0 7,850 2,617 1,000
France 0.242 88% 41 0.58 21 20 68,996,600 1,916,572 88,100
Austria 0.232 81% 26 0.37 11 15 8,947,530 426,073 24,900
Cook Islands 0.232 100% 5 0.07 5 0 15,000 3,000 680
Mauritania 0.228 88% 8 0.11 7 1 3,589,900 512,843 97,800
Bulgaria 0.227 77% 22 0.31 10 12 8,020,520 471,795 16,000
Sweden 0.226 94% 35 0.49 13 22 10,053,690 304,657 4,000
Serbia 0.224 91% 22 0.31 15 7 7,208,080 360,404 31,000
Mauritius 0.216 93% 14 0.20 7 7 1,234,660 94,974 28,550
China–Hong Kong 0.211 90% 10 0.14 7 3 6,879,100 764,344 86,000
American Samoa 0.210 86% 7 0.10 2 5 55,910 9,318 25,800
Swaziland 0.209 100% 7 0.10 5 2 1,105,900 157,986 19,000
Palestine 0.206 62% 8 0.11 6 2 1,810,000 362,000 5,000
Cyprus 0.202 87% 15 0.21 4 11 1,232,590 94,815 5,585
Lebanon 0.198 89% 9 0.13 6 3 4,680,570 585,071 218,000
Azerbaijan 0.197 95% 37 0.52 18 19 9,217,490 263,357 20,000
Greenland 0.196 67% 3 0.04 2 1 56,200 28,100 28,100
Niue 0.192 67% 3 0.04 2 1 1,490 745 745
Ecuador 0.182 100% 25 0.35 24 1 16,279,895 651,196 11,695
Mongolia 0.172 57% 14 0.20 12 2 2,863,100 357,888 31,000
Finland 0.171 100% 36 0.51 12 24 5,610,390 155,844 7,585
Romania 0.170 72% 29 0.41 23 6 21,897,440 1,042,735 21,200
Slovenia 0.167 79% 14 0.20 8 6 2,094,660 190,424 5,505
Argentina 0.165 86% 37 0.52 23 14 44,146,270 1,379,571 8,675
United Kingdom 0.152 89% 84 1.18 11 73 61,486,950 819,826 51,050
Tuvalu 0.147 67% 3 0.04 3 0 10,870 5,435 5,435
Turks and Caicos Islands 0.146 67% 3 0.04 2 1 11,620 5,810 5,810
Anguilla 0.141 100% 2 0.03 2 0 12,450 6,225 6,225
Armenia 0.140 85% 13 0.18 7 6 3,197,460 290,678 24,250
Jersey 0.136 75% 4 0.06 3 1 64,100 21,367 30,600
Greece 0.130 75% 28 0.39 16 12 11,484,080 546,861 10,000
Cambodia 0.116 93% 28 0.39 27 1 13,726,130 527,928 6,220
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 0.110 100% 3 0.04 2 1 6,790 2,263 3,295
Mexico 0.109 99% 290 4.09 283 7 115,466,508 403,729 4,610
Croatia 0.102 92% 25 0.35 15 10 4,433,610 192,766 10,200
Brazil 0.099 94% 228 3.21 216 12 197,100,758 916,748 230
Liechtenstein 0.092 60% 5 0.07 4 1 35,910 11,970 17,750
Rwanda 0.091 80% 5 0.07 3 2 11,128,600 2,782,150 5,300,300
Denmark 0.089 83% 23 0.32 4 19 5,637,000 296,684 16,450
Ireland 0.089 75% 8 0.11 5 3 4,476,600 746,100 21,000
Uruguay 0.089 62% 13 0.18 4 9 3,428,050 428,506 28,000
Seychelles 0.085 100% 3 0.04 3 0 78,050 26,017 3,000
Guadeloupe 0.083 75% 4 0.06 3 1 449,300 149,767 218,650
Bermuda 0.076 67% 3 0.04 1 2 65,610 32,805 63,000
Norway 0.073 70% 20 0.28 10 10 4,821,260 344,376 2,000
Czech Republic 0.072 100% 26 0.37 10 16 10,794,890 415,188 10,450
Grenada 0.064 75% 4 0.06 4 0 92,250 30,750 2,300
Puerto Rico 0.060 83% 12 0.17 4 8 3,601,200 360,120 100,000
Portugal 0.059 85% 13 0.18 9 4 10,309,040 937,185 15,000
Nicaragua 0.052 91% 11 0.15 11 0 5,454,490 545,449 1,870
Montserrat 0.050 100% 2 0.03 2 0 3,920 1,960 1,960
Poland 0.049 89% 27 0.38 21 6 38,364,810 1,598,534 12,800
Martinique 0.043 75% 4 0.06 3 1 427,330 142,443 213,500
Chile 0.040 59% 17 0.24 11 6 16,128,013 1,612,801 10,500
Dominican Republic 0.040 67% 9 0.13 4 5 9,433,500 1,572,250 159,000
Venezuela 0.040 92% 51 0.72 44 7 29,699,865 631,912 705
Honduras 0.039 92% 12 0.17 10 2 8,142,850 740,259 990
Costa Rica 0.036 83% 12 0.17 11 1 4,523,560 452,356 2,840
Japan 0.035 78% 18 0.25 15 3 129,302,863 9,235,919 5,050
Hungary 0.033 85% 20 0.28 15 5 10,007,110 588,654 3,545
Tonga 0.032 100% 5 0.07 3 2 97,867 19,573 1,020
Saint Lucia 0.020 50% 4 0.06 2 2 159,600 79,800 79,800
Colombia 0.019 94% 86 1.21 82 4 47,059,630 580,983 1,300
Kiribati 0.019 100% 3 0.04 2 1 103,990 34,663 51,745
Tunisia 0.018 90% 10 0.14 6 4 10,897,700 1,210,856 21,200
Jamaica 0.017 62% 8 0.11 4 4 2,692,500 538,500 1,338,750
Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.010 67% 3 0.04 3 0 39,200 19,600 19,600
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.010 100% 4 0.06 3 1 138,700 34,675 400
South Korea 0.010 80% 5 0.07 3 2 48,649,600 12,162,400 24,202,500
Guernsey 0.007 50% 4 0.06 3 1 62,720 31,360 31,360
Iceland 0.007 100% 3 0.04 2 1 301,000 100,333 150,150
Burundi 0.002 100% 4 0.06 3 1 10,009,460 2,502,365 6,360
Samoa 0.002 100% 2 0.03 2 0 199,200 99,600 99,600
Cuba 0.001 60% 5 0.07 3 2 11,203,500 3,734,500 5,600,000
El Salvador 0.000 67% 3 0.04 3 0 6,270,500 3,135,250 3,135,250
Haiti 0.000 75% 4 0.06 4 0 6,960,600 2,320,200 600
Isle of Man 0.000 100% 2 0.03 2 0 85,000 42,500 42,500
San Marino 0.000 100% 2 0.03 2 0 25,000 12,500 12,500
British Indian Ocean Territory 0.000 100% 1 0.01 1 0 3,500 3,500 3,500
North Korea 0.000 100% 1 0.01 1 0 23,300,000 23,300,000 23,300,000
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